If you think you are the only unlucky person who is going through the heel pain, then you are probably wrong. It's the most common foot problem faced by millions. According to American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) – 40% of the American people are suffering from the heel pain. Heel pain is the inflammation, severe ache and irritation in nearby area and back of the heel.

The person feels the pain under the heel called 'plantar fasciitis'. Plantar Fascia The plantar fascia is a tissue which supports the arch on the bottom of the foot.

The pain can be mild or severe but it's not fatal. But if ignored it may become chronic.

It can occur in adults as well as in children too.

1) The commonly found symptoms are:

Not able to walk or run with comfort.
Pain in the heel right after you get up from rest.
Pain usually persists longer than a week or so.
Your foot is swollen and sometimes turns black and blue.
The foot gets numb and you may get fever.

Causes of heel pain in Adults and Children

There may be a number of reasons but we will see the most common ones.

In adults:

Too flat or too arch of the foot (Non elasticity of the muscles)
Over stress (standing for long hours)
Overweight person
High heel shoes and Bad cushion Shoes
Jumping on a hard surface
Kicking a hard thing.

In children:

The age group among the children suffering from heel pain is generally between ten to thirteen years. Heel pain in children occurs at this age because their growing period.
During this process the bone tend to get rubbed against the other bones or to the cushion between them which causes the inflammation right back of the heel or alongside.

Therapies for Treating heel pain:

To cure heel pain we have 2 options

A) Exercises and home remedies.
B) Medicines and surgery.

Exercises and home remedies:

Relax:
Just by taking some off from the work, standing too long, jogging or walking will heal it itself and inflammation will be gone.

Ice Pack:
This is the option which we use for almost every time we get hurt.

Warm Up:
Simple exercises and warm up activities will free the muscles if they are compressed or cramped but do it only when you feel that it will worsen the pain.

Simple Drugs:
There are many drugs available without prescription to get rid of inflammation or pain usually known as pain killers.

If the pain persists and even increases then immediately consult a doctor.

B) Medication and surgery:

Physical therapist:
A qualified doctor specialized in the exercises gives patient exercises and help to do it right there by resulting in the strong muscles of the foot.

Sound therapy:
Waves of the sound are passed through the affected area and this is used only in chronic pain.

Surgery:
If the ice pack, soft footwear and heel holders does not work then the lump is removed with surgery.

Shoe Inserts:
It is nothing but the resting place of the heel is made more soft and high so that shocks are minimal.

Splints to wear
Because of the splint the tendon is kept stretched so that it will not be stiff and usually worn while sleeping at night.

Some necessary Precautions (Do's and Don'ts)

The shoes that we use must be very comfortable and one should avoid wearing high heels for many hours.
Use the supports / orthotic pads to avoid an injury to the heel.
Do not walk barefoot on hard ground.
Lose weight as obesity is also one of the important cause for heel pain.
If you engage in sports always do a proper warm up which will make you ready for the stress.

Heel pain can be both mild or severe. If one does not feel relief from home remedies or medicines then it is always recommended to take professional help from a podiatrist.