Recommendations for Ingrown Toenail Treatment

Ingrown toenails can affect your toes and cause discomfort, and if you experience pain in the area, it's possible that swelling and infection could be occurring as a result. You might be able to proceed with ingrown toenail treatment yourself but for other more difficult instances, you may need to see a physician for assistance.

Symptoms and Causes

Pain is a typical symptom of an ingrown toenail in addition to redness and swelling. If left untreated, an infection could begin in the skin tissue. These symptoms start when the nail begins growing into the flesh. Sometimes wearing tight shoes can also lead to these problems, and it is most common for these issues to occur with the largest toe.

Self-Help Treatment Options

Patients may try several remedies at home for ingrown toenail treatment.

– Fill a basin with warm salt water, and place your foot in the water to soak for about 15 minutes. Many people find that this remedy helps reduce swelling and discomfort. You can repeat the soaking process multiple times each day. Always dry your foot thoroughly after soaking to prevent additional issues.

– Use a small, clean file to gently push the skin back. Make sure to not cut or injure the skin during this process.

– Soak a small piece of cotton in water or antiseptic cleanser. Separate the skin and the nail with this cotton to cushion the area.

– Apply antibiotic ointment to the area to keep it clean and reduce infection risk. Cover the area with a bandage to help keep it clean.

– Avoid shoes that constrict or pinch the feet. Wearing open-toed shoes or sandals may be wise until the area heals.

Podiatrist Treatment Options

When home remedies are not effective for resolving symptoms, see a physician for assistance. A podiatrist may perform one of these ingrown toenail treatment options.

– The physician may lift up the edge of the nail to enable the placement of a splint beneath it. This separation will help growth to occur past the edge of the skin. You will need to perform daily soaks after this procedure.

– A magnitude issue could necessitate partial removal of the nail. The physician will administrator local anesthesia to the toe to prepare it.

– For severe and recurring problems, the physician may recommend permanent removal of the underlying tissue. This removal will prevent regrowth, which should prevent future problems from recurring. The removal process might involve the use of a laser or chemicals.

After any of these procedures, it's common for a podiatrist to prescribe either local or oral antibiotics to prevent infection.

Anyone with diabetes must remain diligent about foot care to prevent serious problems. Diabetics typically have issues with poor blood flow to the lower extremities, which can lead to nerve damage in the feet. Even a minor injury or problem can become very serious for diabetic patients. If a sore does not heal correctly, it could become infected. Infection may lead to serious sores, which could require surgery and even amputation to remove dead tissue.

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Are Your Shoes to Blame for Your Back and Foot Pain?

Shoes: Symbol of fashion

Gone are the days when only the celebrities used to talk about their love for shoes and how they can not resist from spending hundreds of dollars on trendy designer footwear. Today, we find the wardrobe of common people like you and me, filled with different designs and colors of shoes. Yes, I love shoes and never hesitate from buying footwear of different types to embellish our feet. However, recently, I developed a pain in my ankle. I was feeling the pain more especially when I was walking on my high heel. As the pain aggravated, my friends told me to see a doctor. The woman doctor asked me a couple of questions such as have I experienced similar pain in the past, do I have gout or any particular foot problem history? What kind of shoes I wear. When I said I love to wear high heels, she immediately told me to stop wearing them and also brave me some medication for pain relief.

Foot problems caused due to wearing wrong shoes

My doctor also explained that however small our feet is, it is a complex structure made of 26 bones, 33 joints, and many types of muscles, tendons and soft tissues. So, we really need to take care of our foot to stay away from pain and discomfort. Also, she said, our feet act as a shock absorber when we walk. Good, comfortable shoes help our feet absorb shock properly. However, tight-fitted heels or flats disrupt shock absorption activity and affect the normal functioning of the feet.

Every day, our feet have to handle so much pressure since our total body weight rests on our feet. So, the problem starts when your foot is unable to take up pressure executed while standing or moving. You need to see you are wearing comfortable footwear to help your feet meet up with the tremendous force executed upon them.

A research co-commissioned by Public Health England says typically every employee should spend 4 hours on their feet. It equals to taking 8,000 to 10,000 steps every day. Now, if you wear bad shoes then during all these hours of walking, you are actually hurting your foot and causing it to pain. Moreover, it is not just your joints that start aching; your back will also start to pain if you do not stop wearing hard soled, tight-fitting footwear. Narrowly pointed shoe with no space for the toes to move and breathe causes a number of foot ailments in women. The delicate bones and tissues in our foot become stiff and also break due to long time use of bad footwear.

You may have noticed many people limping when walking due to problematic shoes. High-heels put pressure on the tip of your toes causing the pelvis to arch forward and the back to curve abnormally hurting your back.

How to tackle foot problems?

If you have a foot problem, does it mean you can not wear shoes at all? Doctors worldwide talk about some helpful types of footwear to try if you have the following problems.

  • Corns and calluses: Try wide, box-toed shoes
  • Ingrown toenails: Wear sandals or open-toed footwear
  • Bunions: Wear soft soled, wide-toed shoes
  • Hammertoe or claw toe: Wide, box-toed shoes with toe pads are ideal
  • Back pain: Wear flats with cushioned sole

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Seven Easy Ways to Soothe Heel Pain

The heel is the largest bone in your foot, and heel problems can be extremely uncomfortable. In fact, millions of people experience problems with foot and heel pain related to conditions such as: sprains or strains, tendonitis, arthritis, bursitis, which is inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs that cushion the bones and joints, or plantar fasciitis, which is inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of the foot.

Here are seven simple but effective ways to soothe heel pain.

-Rest. First and foremost, it's important to stay off your feet as much as possible for a few days to give them time to recover. You could make the crime worse if you do not give your body a chance to heal itself. A combination of rest and a few of the other solutions below, like OTC pain relievers and ice, will resolve most acute injuries without a trip to the doctor. But use common sense; if symptoms persist or drastically worsen, give the doctor a call.

-Take over-the-counter pain relievers. Try ibuprofen or acetaminophen, which will reduce swelling and inflammation to help your feet feel better.

-Ice it up. Ice will also help reduce swelling and inflammation. If you do not have an ice pack, freeze a bottle of water, then roll it under each foot for a few minutes every day.

-Upgrade your shoes. Consider investing in a new pair of shoes that offers extra arch support or a memory foam footpad, or try slipping gel insoles into your shoes. Avoid going barefoot as much as possible, and do not walk on any uneven surfaces as this can contribute to the pain.

-Stretch. The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons suggests flexing and stretching your feet to help with pain relief. Stretching your calf muscles can also improve your heel pain. If you absolutely must exercise, try yoga, biking, swimming, or some other low-impact exercise.

-Lose weight. When you're overweight, your legs and feet take on the burden of carrying that extra weight. This can lead to pain, discomfort, and other severe health issues. Losing weight through diet and exercise can alleviate discomfort by relieving the stress on your lower limbs and benefitting your overall health. Try some of the low-impact exercises mentioned above or talk to your doctor about adopting a healthy lifestyle.

-Consult a doctor. If he pain pain persists for more than a few weeks, it may be time to see a doctor. Your primary care doctor may advise you to wear custom shoes, orthotics, or a special split at night. In some cases, the doctor may try a shot of cortisone to relate the inflammation. He or she may also refer you to physical therapy or a podiatrist to further investigate the problem.

Heel pain can be debilitating, but with the correct steps it can also be treated. Take these steps into consideration to improve your overall health and, in turn, your life.

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Laser Away Toenail Fungus

There's never a good time for toenail fungus. It's a year round embarrassment. For instance, sexy sandals and beach escapades are the norms in summer. No one wants to sit across from someone on the subway who's wearing sandals that display discolored toes. No one wants to be on the beach wondering if they caught a toenail fungus from the lady with yellow toes two towels down, either. During cold weather, this pesky germ can ruin a yoga class or a romantic evening in quicker than anyone can dart under a mat or under the covers.

Getting rid of this problem can be challenging. The usual treatments include harsh liquid medicines that patients paint on their nails like polish. This type of medicine threatens to damage surrounding skin because of seepage. The other option is oral medication. However, it comes with the risk of liver damage. It's an awful decision to have to choose between looking presentable and maintaining a fully functional liver! Seems kind of silly that people are left with so few options to treat this embarrassing problem. No one should ever have to lose liver function to have healthy looking feet. Well, the PinPointe Laser changes everything.

The PinPointe Laser, Up Close and Personal

The PinPointe Laser offers a discreet way to take care of a personal problem that most people want to keep private. This is possible because the treatment takes place in a short amount of time and there's no need for an extended recovery.

The PinPointe Laser utilizes the unique properties of the Nd: YAG crystal, which is a crystal that is used in many lasers including optical lasers. It's highly regarded in the medical field for its exacting performance. The reason it works so well against toenail fungus is because of this exacting performance.

The Nd: YAG crystal allows The PinPointe Laser to penetrate the whole nail. This medical laser is even able to reach underneath the nail, an essential area to treat when it comes to treating this type of germ. Other treatments, such as creams or liquids, often fail to reach the core area of ​​the bacteria. Amazingly, the laser does this without damaging the healthy part of the nail. It also contains the integrity of the surrounding skin. The laser is the most precise form of treatment for unwanted discoloration. No germ stands a chance in its line of fire.


This treatment method is not only more effective than other treatments, but it's more cost-effective, too. A patient treated via the laser usually only requires one treatment. There's typically no need for touch-ups, no pills to take, or fluids to apply as a follow-up. Studies show that the laser has an incredible 88% success rate.

There's Gain without the Pain

Pain is always a concern when under any sort of medical procedure. Lasers may seem intimidating, but there is really no reason to be concerned about a light beam. Most patients report nothing more serious than a pin-like prick or a bit of heat when undergoing treatment with The PinPointe Laser. It's not even significant enough to warrant anesthesia.

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Are Your Flats Too Flat?

In everything in life there is an opposite; there is yin and yang, night and day, combs have brushes. When most think of flats they think of a happy alternative to heels. Flats are thought of as a safe haven for your feet or so most think.

There are flats that can be considered too flat and cause more harm than good. They do not provide adequate arch support, cushioning or shock absorption, which all feet need especially those with flat feet. Without that support, you can get inflammation, tendonitis, heel pain, strains. Ballet flats or foldable flats are very common in lacking support.

Overcompensating with too much cushion, like certain running shoes for example, can be just as bad. When there is a lot of cushion, your brain is not getting the direct feedback from your foot because your sense of ground is thrown off which can cause stress injuries, especially to the heel.

Flips Flops are also on the caution list. Most are too flat, too thin and too open. This poses the foot to the environment and does not provide arch support or cushioning.

The thong that sits between your toes is also dangerous, it forces your toe muscles to over-grip. Plus, when your big toe hangs off the flip-flop, you increase your risk for toe fractures. The risk of getting splinters or other foot injuries is higher when the feet are exposed. People with diabetes should not wear flip-flops, because simple cuts and scrapes can lead to serious complications.

The solution is here.

For Flip Flops you can try fitted flip-flops for arch support, and the height of the sole better protects your foot from outside debris

If you love the look of ballet flats, over-the-counter inserts may help prevent mild foot pain. Heel pads can provide extra cushioning for achy heels. And custom orthotics can facilitate a whole range of foot pains and problems. Podiatrists prescribes these inserts to provide arch support and reduce pressure on sensitive areas. A trip to your podiatrist would be helpful to find out the pressure points on your foot or where you place most of your weight. If you want to avoid the doctor then possibly Dr. Scholl's foot pads are available. If the pain is consistent no matter the insert, a trip to the podiatrist may be beneficial for your health. There may be something deeeper than just back arch support.

Most common causes of foot pain – Caution ladies

Plantar fasciitis – an inflammation of the thick band of tissue that runs between the heel and the arch of the foot

Plantar fasciitis (PF) is the most common cause of foot pain. It's so common, in fact, that almost everyone will deal with a case of PF in his or her lifetime. Certain stressful exercises or constant standing, over-training, tight calf muscles, flat feet, high arches, weight gain, or jobs that require may increase the likelihood of an inflammation. It is most common in middle-aged people men or women but anyone can get Plantar fasciitis is a very easy affliction if you are not conscious of the strain you put on your feet.

The pain can present as sharp, dull, aching, or burning. Classic symptoms to look out for:

– Notable heel pain or stiffness in the morning that recedes during the day.

– Pain that goes away when you exercise (as the muscles and ligaments get warm and stretchy) but comes back when you're done working out.

– Increased pain when you climb stairs or stand on your toes.

– Pain after sitting or standing for an extended period.

The best ways to alleviate or hopefully avoid PF are stretches:

30-second stretches, five times a day. “Foot stretches may help, but it's far more important to stretch your calf

Always stretch your feet, calves, and Achilles after a workout (or a long day on your feet).

Become aware of the strains you put on your feet.

– When going for distance, walk or run on soft surfaces.

– Alternate activities to prevent over-stressing the plantar fascia.

– Ice at the first hint of pain.

– Take rest days!

– Always wear supporting shoes (or over the counter inserts in your non-supporting shoes), whether or not you're working out.

– Avoid long periods of barefoot walking or standing. Even at home, try slippers or comfy shoes.

– If you've recently gained weight, gotten pregnant, or started a new fitness routine, take extra care to support your feet. Sudden changes like these can increase your risk of plantar fasciitis.

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The Right Height for Fabulous

Every height of heel is fabulous, from the comfortable flat to the alluring stilettos but which is for you? The easiest answer to this question depends on the original structure of your feet. Some women are naturally high-heeled so high heel shoes go along with the natural curve of your feet, where flats may be a bit uncomfortable for you. While some women are vise-versa, they are not necessarily flat-footed but are blessed with a lower heel so high heels for her may be uncomfortable but not impossible to wear. To find the perfect heel height for you, we have the following test:

Heel Height Test

Be Seated

Lift one leg in the air, straight leg at the height of your knee. Keep this foot flat!

Now measure the length from your knee to heel.

Now relax your foot and measure the distance from your knee to heel again.

The number distance is your ideal heel height!

Most likely your favorite pair of pumps coincides with the height (mine did!). Just hints that your body usually knows what's best for you and lets you know. Now, if you choose to ignore your body, there are repercussions.

Remember when you went out last week and you wore your sexiest pair of shoes all night and you took them off and could barely walk flat. That's a sign “DING DING!” You deserve those shoes for too long and if you continue you will have permanent effects.

TO BE CLEAR: The most harm that come from wearing heels result from constant long-term wear in high heels. Sometimes ladies we just have to say no to those beautiful pumps and bring out the not so sexy flats. You can always be-dazzle them!

The lasting effects are most likely shown in the knee, back, and of course the feet. Shoes two inches or higher forces the body forward, turning walking into an awkward chore. It also forces the foot downwards restricting its ability to flex and absorb the shock of walking on cement grounds with your weight forced on each step. Leaving those sensitive areas like the knees and hip joints to pick up the slack, which can aggravate and sometimes even cause arthritis.

Here are some pros and cons with varying height height:

Flats (1 inch or less)

Pros: They're comfortable, stylish and easier on the feet than higher heels.

Cons: Most do not offer arch support, and the feet often have to work to keep the shoes on.

Kitten heels (1.5 to 2 inches)

Pros: They build muscle in the calves, make legs appear longer, and are easier to walk in than higher heels.

Cons: They can cause problems from corns to back pain. They do not supply the same glamor that higher heels do.

High heels (2.5 to 4 inches)

Pros: They build muscle in the calves, make legs appear longer and the body leaner.

Cons: They can be painful to wear, and are sometimes difficult to walk in. They can cause many foot problems, such as hammer-toes and bunions, and back pain.

Extreme (over 4 inches)

Pros: They build muscle in the calves, make legs appear longer and the body leaner. They also tend to make the backside more noticeable (although this could also be a con!).

Cons: They put huge pressure on the feet-seven times your body weight-plus very difficult to walk in and can cause foot problems and back pain.

* Heels 4 “” + are acceptable with much caution; anything more is bad for your post. It forces your bottom to poke out and overloads the toes and balls of the feet with the full force of your weight. for sitting, and nothing more.

The higher the heel the bigger the impact: some studies have shown 4 “heels can add up to 30% or more pressure to the front of the foot.

Do not we all want to have a sexy grandma one day and those days of reckless youth may come back to haunt us with constant heel wear. Long wear can also cause restricted circulation in the lower legs, which can ever bring on the dreaded spider vein. That is not a sexy lady! I know you ladies love to create that walk that makes the boys stop and the men stare, but it can create an unnatural sway to you spine, producing a stressed lumbar that can result in a sore lower back. Heels not only have to be the right height but in the right position: not too far back, but right under the center of the heel so they support your weight properly, following the natural line of your body.

But with anything moderation is key. Taking breaks on constant heel wear or simply exceeding your heel height can make you the exception to the rule easily.

Ladies, listen to your body especially your feet! They protect you from so much. Stretching after those fun nights can do your body a load of good not even just your feet. Yoga is a great way to add focus to your spirit and also stretches out your muscles and relieves tension. Yoga poses such as High and Low Lunge and Standing Forward Fold to stretch the muscles in your calves, hip flexors, and hamstrings. Core work can also help stretch out shorter muscles in your back and tone overstretched muscles in your abdomen.

When you are done wearing your heels, spend a few minutes to give your feet a massage. Work your ankles in a few different directions and massage the arches. This will help to loosen any muscles that might have tightened or become strapped from wearing the heels.

Just as the alcohol tagline says, “Always wear heels responsibly!”

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How to Get Rid of Bunions

Bunion Toe

You may be familiar with the term “bunion”, but you may not be aware what a bunion actually is. A bunion is this bony bump that forms on your joint where your big toe meets the rest of your foot. The skin around this area will often be red and sensitive. They are formed when the big toe is forced against your next toe, causing the joint to stick out and get larger. These develop as a result of the bearing and shifting of your weight and the pressures this brings, and when these pressures fall on your joints in an uneven manner.

Why does this happen? Sometimes this is as a result of genetics, giving you a foot type that is just unacceptable to this. This can also be caused by birth defects or foot injuries. Other causes are heavily debated among the medical community. Some believe that certain types of footwear, including tight, pointy-toe high-heeled shoes or wearing shoes that are too narrow, are causes of bunions. Bunions may also happen as a result of inflammatory types of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis. If you are in an industry that may put extra stress on your feet, you may be at a higher risk to developing bunions.

There are a variety of symptoms that are associated with bunions. The most obvious symptom is the bulging bump that can be found outside the base of your big toe. You may also have swelling, redness, and sensitivity at the joint of your big toe. You may notice the skin at the base of your big toe thickening. Other symptoms include: corn or calluses developing where the two toes overlap, pain that is either persistent or intermittent, and your big toe having restrictive movement.

Usually bunions do not require medical attention, but there are some signs that mean you should visit your doctor or a specialized foot doctor to assist you. One sign is if you notice a lot of pain in your big toe or foot that is persistent. Another sign includes having a visible bump that is located on your big toe joint. You may also want to see a doctor if you have reduced movement in your foot or big toe, as well as having difficulty finding shoes that fit properly because of the bunion.

There are also some complications that may happen as a result of bunions. Bursitis is a painful condition that happens when the bursae, the small fluid-filled pads that cushion bones, tendons, and muscles, start to become inflamed. Another condition is “hammertoe”, where an abnormal bend happens in the middle joint of the toe and causes pain. This usually occurs in the toe next to the big toe. Metatarsalgia is a final complication as a result of bunions. This is a condition where a person will have pain and inflammation located in the ball of their foot.

If you end up with a bunion, know you do not need surgery as there are gels as well as splints that would correct as well as treat the pain. Also you can change your shoes to ones that are roomier, more comfortable, and has plenty of toe space. However in a certain serious situation surgery may unfortunately be the only option.

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It Is Important to Package Food Properly – Know Why?

Food Packaging as one of the food outer parts is utilized for food maintenance and deals. Attributable to its significance food organizations bought to give careful consideration to its production, particularly as administrations of nations did new regulations and confinements of food packaging in a steady progress. Really, mediocre packaging will call peril to our health and harm a food organization's notoriety.

In this article, we will talk about some key focoes that should be concerned amid food packaging production. Currently how about we perceive how a food business can do to contribute more to its social quality as opposed to making awful packaging which will cause harm to both the general public and itself.

Food item security is the top need and just those inside of the quality period do no harm to our health. In this manner, we apply food item packaging materials and innovation to keep food from organic, physical, or synthetic variety, from its production till offering to buyers. Take “Tetra Pack” as a case. It means a high piece of the overall industry of beverages packaging on account of its high innovation that uses paper, aluminum, and plastics as a boundary of air and lights. It can significantly amplify the food ensure period. Great and legitimate packaging will probably keep food item new and decent to have.

Say no to bad packaging

Today, packaging bought to highlight the nature of the food item that it is carrying. Shopper's certainty is significantly expanded in the nature of the item by seeing the amazing and substantive packaging packaging materials. The manner of the packaging bought to highlight the extravagance way of the item, and itought to speak to the client's interest for awesome products. Inside and out conceivable, the packaging bought to upgrade the presence of the item and give a feeling of class and modernity to the food item to make it more attractive to the customer.

Utilization green packaging materials

Figuring out how to use green food packaging material will advantage both the organization and nature. There are two basic eco-accommodating materials. Recyclable materials can significantly reduce the packaging rubbish. Case in point, we utilize glass jugs to contain drinks. Biodegradable materials can deteriorate under the impacts of water and air. Case in point, we solidly oblige grocery stores to utilize biodegradable plastic sacks. As of late, makers utilizing green packaging materials get incredible backing from the people and government, hence increasing their sales. What's critical, it is our basic obligation to ensure nature as we get a great deal from it.

There are many food packaging companies that uses green technology to package food items.

Take packaging and food health seriously

Food health is the first rule for packaging assembling. In the event that you utilize wrong packaging it will impact your food quality and so as your health. To begin with, you must pay consideration on both the inward and external packaging. Do not just test the capability of the inward packaging. Remember when you utilize terrible external packaging, its substances may spill into the inward part and after that dirty the food. Second, you must be fairly about the right packaging for capacity. Case in point, a wine would have spared in the wood and meat could be packaged in jars.

These focuses above are a few points for food organizations to consider while making packaging for its items. It is exceptionally given that you take a percentage of the perspectives as it may help bring down your packaging cost and better your organization's advancement.

Do not do over packaging because that only spoils the food. Over packaging of food is also not good for our environment. Do minimal packaging but do it in a way that it will save food as well as look classy.

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Health And Living: How An Insole Can Lead To A Stress-Free Life

Walking or standing for a prolonged period can cause health problems that you might not be aware of while you are still young. However, as we grow old, the stress that we put on our joints can cause not only joint pains but other health issues as well. One way to help give away our joints is to use insoles. Insoles are basically removable pads that are placed inside one's footwear to provide comfort and support to the person as well as stability for some patients that are diagnosed with plantar fasciitis.

Insole Types

When purchasing your insoles, there are 3 kinds that you will encounter – comfort, support and custom orthotics. Comfort types are basically sold in a health store as one does not need a prescription or a podiatrist's advice to get one. These soles are made with gel or foam and are commonly called the insole that is “one size fits all”. They are also lightweight and easy to slip on. For people who have to stand for prolonged period of time, wearing this one would not only improve shock absorption but also provide comfort.

Support insole is the second type and works for people who have issues such as over pronation, plantar fasciitis and spayed feet. The hard foam helps with stabilization, support and comfort to the wearer. Arch support is the most common support type and often used in sports to provide players with flexibility and shock absorption especially for heavy sports activities.

Custom made orthotics are the third type of insoles and are used to treat chronic foot problems. Customized insoles are made from molds of the patient's feet to correct any problems. Some patients also use these insoles to help ease pain and speed up recovery time by alleviating the pressure on the body.

Purchasing Insoles

When purchasing insoles fit is important. As it comes in different sizes and shapes, trying them out will help help determine if it is the right fit. Try standing on one and balance yourself with the other foot. If you feel wobbly or your shoes are overlapping the heel cup then you might want a different size. Remember that it will take some getting used and it might be difficult at first. However, once you use the insoles every day, you will notice a difference in your health. Insoles should last for a year if cleaned and dry out properly.

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What to Know Before Seeing a Foot Doctor

Consider pain in the feet as a warning sign of potential health problems. Common issues that often send people to a physician include fungal infections, corns, calluses, ingrown toenails, bunions, and unpleasant odors. Before issues become serious, see a foot doctor. It's better to move quickly at the first sign of discomfort than to wait until symptoms worsen. Learn information about podiatrists before making your appointment to prepare yourself.

Typical Office Visits

The first appointment with a foot doctor often includes more chatting than anything else. Expect the physician to ask many background questions to learn about symptoms and issues. Although you may feel embarrassed about your feet, podiatrists are familiar with typical issues that affect many people. It's unlawful that your particular problems will be unusual or more unpleasant than that of other patients seen by a physician. The podiatrist may want to watch you walk to assess your gait. Typical walking patterns can be an integral part of foot health and problems.

Preparing for an Appointment

Prior preparation will help you make the most of your appointment. Write down details about your health history if you think you might forget some of this information. Include details such as surgeries, illnesses, and family health history. If you have copies of test results and X-rays that connect with your current issues, bring these items with you. Write down all medications you are currently taking, including vitamins and other over-the-counter medications. Either bring or wear the shoes you wear most often to your appointment. The foot doctor can examine these shoes to see your typical wear pattern, which can provide important information for diagnosis. If you have specific questions or concerns, write them down so you can remember these talking points. Think about the times when you feel symptoms the most so you can share these details with the physician. For example, if you notice discomfort when exercising or sitting, note these details to share with the doctor. Keep a log of symptoms for several days, if necessary.

What Not To Do

Many people feel compelled to perform excess self-care before a podiatrist appointment. Women may want to shave their legs before seeing the physician, but this is not mandatory. Avoid getting a pedicure or painting your toenails. Having unpainted toenails will allow the foot doctor to examine them more effectively. Do not trim your toenails, either. This will enable the physician to take a sample, if necessary.

Final Instructions

Wash your feet well before your foot doctor visit. Physicians usually appreciate examining clean feet. Wear clean socks to avoid odors. Be ready with questions so that you may leave the appointment with a clear understanding of any potential issues. When you get information from the physician, make sure you understand it. Ask follow-up questions to learn as much as possible about your condition, and recommended treatments.

It's easy to overlook your feet without they hurt. To keep your feet healthy, pay attention to symptoms and be proactive to seek treatments for problems. Faster diagnosis often minimizes issues and helps you overcome them with ease.

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Understanding the Different Hammertoe Surgery Procedures

When a toe has a muscle imbalance between the tendons on the top and bottom, the result is a hammertoe. During the earlier stages of this deformity, the toe is still flexible. Unfortunately, if the ailment continues to go untreated, what was once flexible a can slowly become rigid and unmovable. When the problem gets to this stage, there is little else to do than under hammertoe surgery.

Flexible Procedures

If performed while the toe, or toes, is still in the flexible stage, a simple tendon release is often the choice. During this technique can take the bottom tendon, known as a flexor, and reposition to the top of the toe. This relieves the buckled joint and allows the toe to lay flat. There are times when the top or bottom tendon are released from the joint but not repositioned.

A simple tendon release is the easiest in terms of recovery. There is usually no more than a small incision, which is closed with a single stitch and covered with a Band-Aid. Those who have to have different uses operated at the same time, recovery may take slightly longer.

Rigid Procedures

However, for those who put off hammertoe surgery until the joint is rigid, the operation becomes slightly more complex. One method used is arthroplasty. In this procedure, the surgeon removes part of the joint in order to straighten the toe. In extreme cases, the doctor may remove the entire joint and insert an implant. As the area heals, scar tissue connects the joint or implant to the area, which allows the toe to be flexible once again.

Sometimes an arthroplasty is not an option. In this case, the doctor will perform a fusion operation. Instead of removing the joint, or part, and inserting an implant in its place, the doctor has to remove cartilage and some of the bone around the joint. After removing the damaged bone and cartilage, the toe is straight and the doctor inserts a pin into the bone. Several weeks later, the doctor removes the pin. You will regain some flexibility in the toe, although it is limited.


For the most part, recovery only takes a couple of weeks. For those who have hammertoe surgery for a rigid phalanx, the surgeon will place a bandage over the foot, which does not require removal until you return for your follow up visit. You should stay off the foot as much as possible during your recovery and should be able to return to stiff soled walking shoes in a couple of weeks. Those who had to have bones fused will experience several more weeks of recovery.

It is common to feel as though the toes are floppy after the procedure. This feeling will go away as the area heals and is nothing to be concerned about. The most common complaint is swelling.

If you begin to see callouses or corn from wearing your shoes, you may consult a podiatrist to ensure you are not getting the early stages of hammertoe. By catching it early, your doctor can use preventative treatment and you may avoid having hammertoe surgery.

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What You Need To Know About Bunion Surgery

Like most medical conditions, the incidence of bunions increases with age. According to a recent study, more than one-third of Americans aged 65 and older suffer from this often-painful deformity of the big toe. And since we have an aging population, the problem will likely get worse in the coming years. Unfortunately, there are few nonsurgical options when the foot disorder starts causing pain. Fortunately, most patients are satisfied with results of bunion surgery. With that in mind, here's what every prospective patient should know about the procedure.

Types Of Surgery

Because it causes the big toe, or hallux, to deviate toward the other toes, a bunion can throw off the alignment of your entourage foot. In time, the bony hump that occurs at the joint of the first metatarsal will absorb a disproportionate amount of your body weight when walking. This may cause the area to become sore, inflamed, and highly sensitive to any kind of pressure. It is at this time that patients often seek surgical treatment. Depending on the placement and seriousness of the deformity, podiatric surgeers may use any number of techniques during the operation. But whatever they do, the objective is always to relieve pain by restoring the natural alignment of the joint. Here are a few ways they might accomplish that end:

– Removing part of the metatarsal head (the bony, protruding hump)
– Realigning the ligaments of the big toe
– Making small cuts in the bones of the hallux and then moving them into proper alignment
– Reshaping and realigning both bones that meet at the first metatarsal joint
– Fusing the big toe joint to prevent future deviation
– Removing the deformed joint and replacing it with an artificial one

After Surgery

Depending on the amount of bone and soft tissue affected, it could take anywhere from 6 weeks to 6 months to completely recover from bunion surgery. There are even cases cases where patients complained of side effects as long as a year afterwards. The good news is that most patients respond well to the operation. Without complications, they can often return to work on a walking cast within the week. While special shoes are sometimes needed, regular footwear is generally an option about a month after the operation.

The Results

No matter the technique or procedure the surgeon uses, your mobility should improve after surgery. With the big toe joint in better alignment with the rest of the foot, it should not longer absorb a disproportionate amount of weight with each step. After the incision has completely healed, and the borrowing has subsided, the hallux should look normal, or nearly so. With that said, improved appearance is not the objective of the operation. As such, those who seek aesthetic enhancement may want to consult a cosmetic surgeon, rather than a podiatric surgeon.

Bunion surgery can correct painful deformities of the feet in patients who do not respond to nonsurgical treatment.

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Want Good Health? Start at the Bottom!

Many people go through issues with their feet every day of your life. Consider the amount of weight and pressure that the feet are placed under every time you take a step. Your feet take a tremendous beating day in and day out, so why not take good care of them to keep you as mobile as possible for the rest of your life?

The health of your feet is crucial. Even though they may not be a vital organ, they still play a key role in your overall health. Pain or aching in the feet can be caused by many different things, and it really should never go ignored.

Your feet really are incredible features of engineering when you stop and think about it. The small 50 bones of the feet actually make up about one quarter of your body's bones! As small as these bones are, they still are capable to support incredible depths of weight and stress, along with all the ligaments, tendons and muscles that help complete these components of the body.

Without proper foot care, your mobility can be severely compromised, and you can go through unnecessary pain and discomfort. Foot problems can hinder you from exercising, and just simply moving around from one place to the next. Improper gait due to physical problems can cause issues in the rest of your skeletal system – leading to a bad back, sore knees, hips out of alignment, neck pain and more. When you can not walk and balance properly, your body over compensates by putting strain on other muscles, ligaments and joints. Over time, this can cause a great deal of pain and issues, requiring hip or knee replacements, back braces, surgery and more.

The Whole Family Needs Proper Foot Care!

Foot care is not just for adults – it's for the whole family, including the kids! In fact, kids can encounter a host of different foot problems that can impede on their mobility. Perhaps they have a plantar wart that needs to be rented before it spreads to other areas. If they go to a gym or dojo, they can pick up foot fungus or Athlete's Foot. From birth, or as they grow, they can have gait issues, fallen arches, flat feet and other problems that need correcting. All these scenarios can be assisted with the intervention employed by experts in the field of foot care.

In many cases, custom prescription orthotics are the answer. It is best to get these done by a professionally trained chiropodist, who understands the corrective measures that need to be taken. Orhotics fit into the wearer's shoes and help correct problems with posture and gait – to attain proper alignment and take stress off areas that are under stress. The whole family really does deserve proper foot care and orthotics can correct a number of issues for any age.

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Can You Walk Comfortably in High Heels?

If you really want to look stylish and be the center of attraction in an event, nothing can beat off a pair of high heels. If you are short height, you will look taller in high heels. Beside, you will appear slimmer with longer legs if you wear a pair of stilettos with your favorite outfit. However, in spite of the gorgeous looks of a high heel, often women complain of painful feet and discomfort when wearing them for a long time or regularly. Studies reveal painful feet are the result of stilettos, pointed tip shoes, and narrow heels. While podiatrists stress on getting away with high heels, today's fashion conscious women find it hard to keep aside pointy toe footwear. That is why; you need to pre-plan to make your high heels work for you.

Let's see how you can make high heels comfortable

Go for the right size

When you are purchasing footwear it is most important, that it fits properly from the moment you buy them. Yes, you must wear different sized shoes to finally pick up the right size for a perfect fit. Podiatrists know our feet can grow larger as we get older. Beside, pregnant women tend to have longer or wider feet. That is why, it is so important to have the right size for a comfortable fit.

Prefer round toes

Round-toed shoes prevent joint pain, crunched toes and even bunions by not allowing your feet to tug your big toe in. Round toes keep your toes flat and spread out naturally.

Do not buy too high

Podiatrists warn women not to buy too much pointed heels to prevent pain and discomfort. You should avoid three or four-inch heels since they put excessive pressure on the ball and bones in the front of your foot.

Tailor your width

Sometimes we find difficulty getting perfectly fitted shoes. The reason is most of the shoe manufacturers design standard medium-width shoes. If you have wide feet, you will definitely feel comfortable in these medium-width shoes. So the shoemaker should have a strategy ready to stretch the shoes to widen the toe box for a comfortable fit.

Cushion up

You will notice many fashion shoes in the market have less than adequate cushioning resulting in foot pain after prolonged use. If proper pads are not placed right under the ball of your foot, you will feel pain after repeated wearing since the ball of your foot will have to bear excess pressure without sufficient cushioning.

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Six Causes of Hammer Toe and How a Podiatrist Can Help

Hammer toe is a deformity of the foot that causes an abnormal curve in the middle joint. The condition is generally correctable with surgery, but determining the underlying cause is crucial to prevent a recurrence. With help from your podiatrist, you can narrow down the possible source of your condition by looking at your health background, family history, and lifestyle. A thorough examination and imaging tests, such as X-rays, may be ordered to check for muscle, ligament, or bone injuries. Here's a look at the most common causes and how they occur.

1. Prior Injuries

A past injury can occasionally lead to a hammer toe, especially if the condition runs in your family and is inherited. Poor healing after breaking a bone in the foot is often a contributing factor. Toes are the most common broken bones, and you may not even realize that one of the small bones is broken or fractured. If you have a break or fracture, you may experience swelling, pain, weakness, tenderness, bruising, and / or numbness.

2. Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that typically attacks joints in the body, usually the small joints in the hands and feet. In fact, more than 90% of people with RA develop symptoms in the ankle and foot. As arthritis weakens the joints, the toes can begin to stiffen and curl.

3. Ill-Fitting Shoes

Weaving shoes that are too tight or narrow can lead to the development of hammer toes. As high heels commonly caused cramped feet, the condition occurs more frequently in women than in men. The abnormal bending of the arch in high heels can put excess pressure on the foot, causing a muscle imbalance that affects the joints.

4. Bunions

A bunion is a common condition in which a bony bump develops at the base of the big toe, causing joint pain and swelling. Bunions can occur for a number of reasons, including abnormal walking habits, poor-fitting shoes, injuries, or certain neuromuscular disorders. Bunions can contribute to the condition, often resulting in the need for surgery to correct both deformities.

5. High Arch

An excessively high arch, also known as hollow foot, can cause a number of foot problems. Many people with a high arch do not have symptoms, but those who do may experience a shortened foot, pain when walking, standing, or running, or difficult finding comfortable shoes. A high arch is typically caused by a bone condition, which can contribute to the progress of the deformity.

6. Tight Tissues

When ligaments and tendons in the foot become unnaturally tight, hammer toes can develop. The most common causes of tight ligaments and tendons include repetitive use or overuse of the fibrous, connective tissues, postural imbalances, prior injuries, aging, and certain medical problems, such as diabetes and thyroid disease.

If the deformity is not promptly treated, individuals may suffer from chronic pain and may have difficulty walking. The condition can sometimes be treated with a splint, and by making simple changes like wearing flat, wider shoes. Exercises may also be helpful. In serious cases, surgery performed by an experienced podiatrist may be needed to straighten out the joint. For more information on hammer toes and their causes, contact a podiatrist in your area.

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