Flatfeet in Children and How a Podiatrist Can Help

Pediatric flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot disappears or shrinks when a child stands. With flexible pediatric flatfoot, the arch reappears when standing on tiptoe or siting. If the arch does not reappear upon standing on tiptoe or sitting, this is known as rigid flatfoot. These conditions are usually present at birth, but most children outgrow them on their own before age five. If the condition is causing pain or does not go away on its own, it may be time to call in a podiatrist for help.

Symptoms of Pediatric Flatfoot

Symptoms of flatfeet can vary, depending on the type, the severity, and the age of the child. When a child has a flexible foot disorder, it generally does not cause any pain or discomfort and no treatment is needed. Kids with a rigid foot disorder may have problems that require treatment or therapy by a podiatrist. If pain occurs, it is usually felt in the foot, ankle, or lower leg, and can range from mild to severe. Other symptoms include cramping in the feet or legs, a change in gait, or heads that tilt upwards.

Diagnosing the Problem

Your child's pediatrician or podiatrist can usually provide a diagnosis upon examination. To make a proper diagnosis, the physician may ask your child to sit up, stand, sit down, walk, and stand on his or her tiptoes. If the problem sees severe, the physician may also have an X-ray taken from the foot to determine the extent of the deformity. If the ankle does not move much, the physician may associate the condition with a shortened or tight Achilles tendon, which may require additional treatment.

Surgical and Non-Surgical Treatments

There are both surgical and non-surgical treatments available for pediatric flatfoot. With the help of your podiatrist, you can work to determine the best solution for your child's individual condition. Kids with flexible flatfeet and without pain do not generally require treatment. If pain only occurs after activities, a physician may recommend the use of over-the-counter cushioned arch support pads that can be inserted into supporting shoes or sneakers.

If the condition is associated with a short or tight Achilles tendon, the tendon may need to be stretched to reduce or eliminate pain. Those with a tight Achilles tendon should not use hard arch supports, as these can contribute to the discomfort. In rare cases, surgery may be needed to treat pain. Surgery is generally recommended for children age eight or older, and those who have a short Achilles tendon that requires lengthening.

Since the appearance of flatfeet is fairly common during the early years of life, it can be difficult to distinguish whether or not the condition will be problematic later on. When the condition does cause problems, it can make it challenging for a kid to “keep up” with his or her peers, especially during athletic and recreational activities. If you suspect that your child has this condition, it's important to discuss your concerns with a podiatrist.

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Four Types of Stress Fracture in the Foot and Ankle

A stress fracture in your foot or ankle often results in pain, swelling and tenderness. Stress fractures involve a small crack or severe bruising found inside the bone. These tiny cracks are often caused over a period of time, from overuse and repetitive movements. They can also be associated with sudden changes or increases in physical activity.

Stress fractures may have the result from several causes, rather than one issue in particular. Bone insufficiency, poor conditioning, improper technique, inadequate equipment and changes in training surfaces, may all be liable for causing this common source of pain. It is also possible to sustain one during a fall, a sports injury, or from dropping something heavy on top of your foot.

Because feet and ankles are responsible for weight bearing activities, it is extremely common to sustain a stress fracture in these areas. Here is an overview of four different types of stress fractures located in the foot and ankle.

  1. Navicular : This condition is caused by an incomplete crack in the navicular bone. Navicular describes the bones located in the mid-foot. Fractures in this area are caused by excessive weight bearing activities over time.
  2. Metatarsal : This type of fracture affects one or more of the five metatarsal bones located in the forefoot.
  3. Ankle : While this pain is sometimes misinterpreted as shin splints, stress fractures in the ankle are difficult to diagnose. The area of ​​the ankle is quite complex, so this common injury can sometimes be overlooked. It's important to consult an experienced physician if you have an ankle injury that is causing you pain.
  4. Heel : This large bone, forming the foundation of the back of the foot, is susceptible to stress fractures as well. These injuries are more severe when they involve the heel bone. Sometimes they involve damage to the joints or even the cartilage. Heel pain or fractures could have a chronic issue, so it is very important to treat the symptoms early.

These four different types of stress fractures in the foot and ankle have different levels of pain and consequences. Regardless, it is always necessary to treat the pain before it worsens. The best way to treat any of these areas (your foot, heel, toes, and ankle) is by using the RICE method . This includes: Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. If normal activities become too painful to complete, its advisable to rest the area for some time.

Stress fractures may become sever if left untreated. If after following the RICE protocol and slowly returning to your activities still leaves you in pain, you should seek medical attention from a qualified physician like an orthopedic doctor. A thorough medical examination may be necessary to confirm the type of injury and best treatment plan.

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Common Foot Problems That Arise Because of Trauma, Heredity, Wearing Bad Shoes

Are you happy with your feet or are they causing problems when walking or even standing? There are 26 bones, 33 joints and 42 muscles in the human feet. All the parts together keep us moving from one place to another without any problem. Problems in our foot arise due to many reasons – hereditary issues, diabetes, accidents, injuries, tight-fitting shoes, etc. Let us go through some of the most common foot problems – their causes and what you can do to avoid them.

Hammertoe

You will suffer from hammertoes if the ligaments of your toe get shortened and all except the big toe bend from the middle of the toe joint. This disorder arises mainly because of constantly wearing ill-fitted shoes. Your toes are unable to rest properly because of little or no space in a tight fitted shoe leading to this problem. Hammertoes cause chronic pain and you may need a surgery to fix the problem.

Bunions

You will suffer from pollution or bunion when your big toe develops a lump at the base and lean sideways to the second toe. Often a hereditary disorder, bunions run in families for generations. The joint of your big toe gets bigger and swollen. Other causes of bunions are arthritis, congenital deformities, or trauma. If you notice bunions in one of your foot, you must consult a podiatrist to find the reason for its development. In many cases, the cause is wearing shoes that are narrow in the front (toes). You must stop wearing narrowly pointed shoes to prevent occurrence of pain. You may have to undergo surgery if you have an extremely painful bunion.

Corns and Calluses

If your feet are constantly rubbing against your shoes, chances are you will develop corn or calluses very soon! Causes of these disorders are pressing the bony parts of your feet against your footwear. Tight-fitted shoes are the main culprits, as they cause friction when walking, running, jumping or even standing for a prolonged period. Do not take any medicines to prevent painful corn and calluses or cut or remove them. You must consult a podiatrist who will give your proper guidance to remove pain. Your doctor might tell you to wear shoes that fit better or may ask you to use special pads to resolve the problem. In extreme cases, doctors suggest a surgery.

Bacterial Infections

You will suffer from athlete's foot if you do not take proper care of your feet and allow them to stay in warm, dark environment for most of the time. For example, wearing tight-fitted shoes or socks does not give your feet enough airy contacts leading to formation of bacteria or fungi to grow between the toes or on the bottom of your foot. You are suffering from athlete's foot if you notice white, scaly rashes between your toes and also redness in the bottom of your foot. Such a condition causes itching, burning sensation and inflammation. You must start wearing comfortable shoes to keep your feet come in largest contact with fresh air. You must also change your socks regularly since since sweaty socks lead to this problem. You should talk to your doctor to use an antifungal creams or spray to get relief from athlete's foot.

Dry Skin

We usually take care of our face, neck, and hands but forget to take care of our feet. If you do not apply moisturizer cream in your feet every day at least before going to bed at night, chances are you will develop dry skin in your foot that will lead to itching and flush. Apply cream or lotion after cleaning your feet with a mild soap.

Ingrown Toenails

You must cut your nails properly, as failing to do so will lead to ingrown nails, a situation when the nail of your toes will start growing in instead of out. It will cause pain and fungus infection over time.

Spurs

When calcium deposits in your foot, you have spurs. Standing for long time in tight-fitted shoes causes spurs. Also, obese developments this disorder because of putting excess pressure on the foot muscles.

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A Pain in Your Toe? It Could Be Sesamoiditis

The big toe is a mystery. Although tiny in size, it is able to withstand intense amounts of pressure and weight; it even provides balance the body needs. This small yet powerful structure works hard to propel us forward while walking running and jumping. The big toe holds a lot of responsibility as it is one of the three sesamoid bones found in the body. Beside the patella and the bone located in the middle of the foot, the kernel sized sesamoid bone located at the front of the foot attaches to the big toe.

So what is a sesamoid? It is a bone that is not connected to any other bone in your body. Most bones in the body are connected to other joints, but not the big toe. These sesamoids are connected only to tendons or embedded muscles found within the body. Because of their pulley-like actions, their main job includes creating a smooth surface for tendons to slide. This movement improves the ability of the tendons to transmit muscles forces.

Because of these repetitious movements, the sesamoids have the ability to break or fracture. Sometimes, the tendons encompassing the sesamoid become irritated or inflamed. This is known as “sesamoiditis” which is a form of tendonitis. This condition usually plagues dancers, runners and professional athletes.

Symptoms of Sesamoiditis

Pain is the largest symptom associated with a sesamoid injury. Pain is typically located under the big toe and develops gradually. If a fraction is present, the pain is immediate. Pain while bending or straightening the big toe is a good indication that a sesamoid injury is present. Swelling and bruising may or not be present. These conflicting symptoms sometimes make a diagnosis more challenging. If rest has not improved the condition of your toe, you should consult a qualified physician for a further thorough evaluation.

During a physical examination, your physician will look for tenderness near the big toe and sesamoid bones. Often the physician will manipulate the toe by bending or straightening the bone to see where the pain is located. X-rays can be used to properly diagnose the problem further. Rarely, a bone scan is requested as well as a blood test, if the X-ray appears normal.

Once the diagnosis has been confirmed as a sesamoid injury to the big toe, the treatment includes rest and avoiding the specific injury that causes the pain. The use of anti-inflammatory drugs and applying ice to the big toe are reasonably necessary to treat this area. Sometimes, taping the toe or wearing a cushioning pad in soft-soled shoes may help to take the pressure off the area. If the symptoms remain after four to six weeks, your orthopedic physician may recommend wearing a removable short leg fracture brace to rest your entire foot.

The medical treatment for a sesamoid injury is fairly mild, and mostly involves reducing the pressure to this area by limiting activity and resting. Left untreated, the pain in this area could have been different and may result in a fraction to the sesamoid bone. This injury could cause a lot of pain and this area is important to complete many functions. Remember: the big toe has big responsibilities; do not let this pain go untreated.

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Simple Solutions for Plantar Fasciitis Pain

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition which can affect runners, people who carry extra weight, or anyone who spends a lot of time on their feet. It occurs when the plantar fascia become inflamed. The plantar fascia is a fibrous tissue which runs from the heel of the foot to the toes. When this fibrous tissue becomes swollen and inflamed you may experience pain and tenderness in your heel. You may also notice the pain is worse when you first get up in the morning, gets better as the day progresses, and then returns in the evening. While plantar fasciitis is painful, it rarely requires surgical intervention. Here are some simple solutions to help ease the pain and reduce inflammation.

Rest, Ice, and NSAIDS

Your first route of relief should be rest, ice, and over the counter medications known as NSAIDS (non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs). These include aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen. Some examples of NSAIDS found in most stores include Bayer Aspirin, Advil or Motrin, and Alleve. This class of medications not only helps to treat pain, but also acts to reduce inflammation and promote healing. Take a break from running or strenuous activity and let your feet rest. Ice packs applied to the bottom of your feet for 10 minutes a few times a day may also help speed relief. You can also freeze a partially filled bottle of water and roll it along the soles of your feet to aid in relief of pain and reduction of swelling.

Stretching Exercises

Sometimes the plantar fascia is irritated because the calf muscles are tight. This affects the way you walk or run and may put extra stress on this part of your foot. Stretching exercises help loosen up your calf muscles may help you find relief and prevent further occurrences of this condition.

  • Stand and place one foot behind you. Lean forward, bend your knee, and grip a chair or the counter and flex the foot behind you keeping your toes on the floor and gently stretching the calf muscle. Repeat five times and then switch feet.
  • Sit on the floor with your legs out in front of you. Lean forward and grass the toes of one foot and gently pull your toes while flexing your foot with the toes coming towards you. Hold the stretch for about 30 seconds Repeat three times and then repeat the stretch with the other foot.
  • While sitting in a chair place a towel under your feet and stretch your feet out in front of you. Hold the stretch for around 30 seconds and repeat three to five times.

Orhotics and Night Splints

Your doctor may recommend you place orthotics into your shoes. These are inserts which support the foot and help prevent inflammation and damage to the foot. Heel cushions help absorb some of the stress from heel strike when running and walking. According to Podiatry Today there are several types of orthotics your doctor may recommend to help ease pain and prevent further damage. These range from over the counter silicon, leather, padded and unpadded, to custom built orthotics.

Your doctor may also recommend you wear night splints to help tie pain. Night splints are also used in people who suffer from Achilles tendon pain. One study shown night splints help relieve plantar fasciitis pain in 11 of 14 patients involved in the study. Your doctor may recommend custom made night splints or you can find them in most drug stores and pharmacies. The splints immobilize the foot and ankle during the night and hold it in a position to help relieve pain.

Plantar fasciitis can be very painful, but there are simple solutions to help you get back to your regular routine. If you experience heel pain while rising in the morning or after sitting for long periods talk to your doctor about ways to help relieve your pain and prevent further damage to your feet.

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Do Pedicures Have Any Health Benefits?

Pedicures provide basic feet care. They can be defined as cosmetic feet and toenail treatments. They are much more than just painting nails as many people think. Also, they are not for women alone. They are used to clean feet and toenails and at the same time offer a foot massage. Anyone, including men can get pedicures to have their feet taken care of. There are professional beauticians trained in pedicures to offer amazing results to any client.

But are the pedicures beneficial as far as health is concerned? The answer is yes. If you are wondering what they are, here are some of the benefits you stand to enjoy from regular pedicures.

1. They decrease the chances of infection. This is all thanks to the cleaning, cutting and clipping of toe nails, preventing inward growths that could lead to infections. During the cleaning process, bacteria and dirt are eliminated keeping possible nail diseases and disorders as well as foot odors at bay. Healthy toenails eliminate events of toe trauma too.

2. They help detect foot problems and infections at an early stage. The most common problems that can be detected during pedicures include fungal infections, bunions and corn. Just like any other health problems, early detection makes them easier to treat and control and this is what regular pedicures will get for you.

3. They exfoliate the feet. It is the removal of dead skin cells. This helps in preventing accumulation that can lead to corn and bunions. These conditions can be painful and uncomfortable, but with regular exfoliation, you will not have to worry about them popping up. Exfoliation around the heels encourages the growth of new cells and this leaves them attractive and smooth.

4. A pedicure preserves moisture on the skin. This is considering that the process uses various massage lotions and oils. To add, the feet are soaked in warm water during the process. They together preserve moisture reducing the chances of cracks and blisters among other problems. When the nail cuticles are well moisturized, growth with ridges and split ends are eliminated, ensuring the nails do not end up lifting out of their beds.

5. They help relax the body. This is considering that the feet are connected to different parts of the body. The massage done during pedicures is therapeutic and works amazingly in accelerating tension and stress and eliminating stiffness. They all enhance general wellbeing. You will feel more relaxed and at ease after a pedicure session and this is good as it improves on your concentration levels.

6. They promote blood circulation. This is through the foot massages which end up relieving tension around the feet and calves promoting good blood circulation. With enhanced circulation, pain is reduced and heat is thoroughly distributed not just in the feet but through the body. Regular pedicures will leave you feeling so much better in general and this will in turn promote good health.

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Bunions: Causes, Prevention and Treatment

A bunion is a foot deformity that causes the joint at the base of the big toe to bulge outwards. The condition is characterized as a lateral deviation of the metatarsophalangeal joint and the inward deviation of the big toe. There is no abnormal tissue or tumor growth in bunions, the protruding bump compresses mostly of the head of the first metatarsal bone.

Causes of Bunions

The exact cause of bunions is still unknown. Using improper footwear can be one of the cause: a study shows that people in countries that regularly wear shoes such as in western countries have higher incidence of bunions. On the other hand, people in Asian countries mostly use sandals and were found to be less sooner to develop bunions. This could also be the main cause of hereditary bunions due to decades of wearing shoes. The supporting structures of the feet seem to weak, leading to this foot condition.

Women are particularly speaking to bunions due to chronic use of ill-fitting shoes like tight pointy high heels shoes. People who have leg length discrepancies, previous foot injuries, and arthritis can form bunions.

Signs and Symptoms

An obvious sign of a bunion is bump at the joint at the base of the big toe. A bump can also form at the base of the joint of the small toe, and this type of bunion is called a tailors bunion.

In most cases, bunions do not cause any problems but if they do, they can cause mild to severe foot pain.

Prevention

Pain is typically the reason why most patients seek medical attention for bunions. But once a patient already experiences pain, it is most likely irreversible and pain management can only be done. This is the reason why preventive measures are very important. Once you suspect that you have a bunion or if you have a family history of bunions, seek advice from a podiatrist. It is important to know that a bunion is a progressive condition. This means that the bunion will slowly but surely get worn through time. Wearing improper footwear will hasten the progress of a bunion and wearing perfectly fitting shoes or shoes with wide toe boxes can slow down or even stop the progress of a bunion.

Treatment of Symmatic Bunion

Painful bunions can be alleviated with NSAIDS like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, etc. Cold soaks can also help relieve acute bunion pains. Some patients also find warm soaks to be helpful.

Custom made orthotics can help position the bunion to prevent painful bouts. Bunion pads, splints, shoes with wide toe boxes can also be used prevent irritation.

When all non-operative modalities no longer provide bunion pain relief, then surgery is considered. Minimally invasive bunion surgery is the recommended surgical technique for bunions to date. It is safer, involves minimal pain and swelling, recovery time is short, gets you on your feet sooner, and leaves a barely visible scar.

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Common Sports Injuries That Even Non-Athletes Get

A simple pain in the foot area can be resolved with a simple massage or using cold compress in the area; however, chronic foot pain can be a symptom of something serious. Foot pain can affect the person's quality of life and his ability to do daily activities.

What Causes the Pain?

There are many reasons why our foot feels pain. It can sometimes be caused by inflamed tissues in the leg area, possible abnormal bone spurs, puncture wound, and displacement of the metatarsal bone, bone fraction and stress.

Ankle Fracture

Ankle fracture or commonly called as “broken ankle” happens when bones in the ankle area crack. Fractures can range from mild to severe such as when a portion of the bone protrudes out of the patient's skin. A patient maybe experiencing ankle fracture when he / she feet an intense pain where the crack is located. The affected area would also be swelling and the ability to walk is not possible without feeling the pain. Common causes of broken ankle including landing incorrectly, aging, missing steps and having the foot accidentally stepped on especially during sports activities. Mild problems can be treated by using the RICE method while several fractures may result in the affected area casted.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is common for people who put too much stress in this area of ​​the feet including those who often engage in running or jumping. Patients would often feel pain in the fascia especially in the morning and would typically feel a tenderness in their heel and arch area. Treatment for plantar fasciitis depends on the severity and would take up to eight months before patients would fully recover. To prevent this from happening, one should wear good shoes made specifically for running. Preventing too much stress on the area and limiting running on hard surfaces can also help ease the pain.

Cuboid Syndrome

Cuboid syndrome occurs more often in athletes, dancers and those with flat feet. The constant and repetitive movement causes the cuboid bone to misaligned resulting in pain to the patient. A patient that suffers from a sprained ankle may also damage the cuboid bone. Patients would often feel pain in the area coupled with swelling and redness as well as avoiding the use of that foot area. As the problem is difficult to diagnose, some tests are conducted by podiatrist such as midtarsal adduction and midtarsal supination. Treatments would include allowing the ankle area to fully heal especially if the patient has an ankle injury. Once the ankle injury is fully healed, the therapist would often use massage treatments to bring the bone back to its original place.

Disclaimer: This article should not be used as a medical advice and is for informational reading only. Readers who are feeling pain should consult their health providers or their local podiatrist for more information.

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What Could Cause Foot Pain and How to Tackle the Discomfort?

Foot pain is one of the most awful moments of our life. We never wish our feet to get hurt and pain; still we get painful feet. A number of factors such as illness and medical disorder lead to foot problems. Each foot has 26 bones, many nerves, tissues, ligaments, and muscles. It is our foot that balances our body. So a painful foot means problem walking, standing and even sitting. When you are experiencing discomfort in your foot, you must not neglect it; rather try to find the cause of the problem.

I have listed below some of the most common causes of foot problems. Have a look.

Gout

It is a type of arthritis which leads to inflammation in one of the foot joints. You will have gouts if uric acid gets accumulated in a particular area of ​​your foot. One of your joints will swell and you will be able to walk or run properly. Since gout is hereditary, try to find if someone in your family has this type of arthritis. If yes, immediately consult with a podiatrist to find whenever you can develop gout.

Diabetes

If your sugar level goes high and you have diabetes then your feet might get affected too. Your feet will become stiff and you can not move freely and feel the pain when walking. If you suspect you are having diabetes, you must consult with your doctor to lower the pain.

Foot injuries

Sometimes an excessive workout is not good for your feet. It will lead to long-term problems and swelling. Athletes who do excessive exercise and weightlifting are more prone to foot injuries. Putting excessive pressure on your foot leads to either minor or severe muscle sprains. Some common types of foot injuries are:

Sprained ankle

If your ankle ligaments get overstretched you will have a sprained ankle causing mild to chronic pain, and giving you many sleepless nights. Your ankle might get sprained due to excessive workout or training. So once you feel the pain, it is a good idea to consult a podiatrist to get relieve from the pain as quickly as possible.

Plantar Fasciitis

If your heel suddenly starts paining, it might be because of Plantar Fasciitis, a medical condition where the tissues in your heel gets torn. You will experience intense pain due to teething of the underlying tissues or inflammation. Mostly athletes suffer from this kind of injury due to repeated stresses during sport events.

Achilles Tendinitis

This condition causes pain along the back of your leg near the heel area. Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in our body. It helps us walk, run, and jump. Due to repeated acts like running, jumping or walking for longer periods, Achilles Tendinitis happened because of degeneration of Achilles tendon.

Ingrown toenails

If you find your toe nails growing surrounding your toe, it might be because of ingrown toenails problem. It causes swelling, soreness and even infection. You must visit your doctor to find wherever you are suffering from ingrown toenails problem.

Is your shoes right for you?

In many cases, podiatrists have found increasing foot pain related to wearing tight-fitting shoes. For example, tight-fitted shoes lead to bunions when your big toe gets deformed. The condition leads to intense pain in the foot. You may also develop corn and calluses due to constant rubbing of your feet against the side of your shoes. You therefore need to wear shoes that are perfect for your feet without causing any discomfort or irritation.

Important questions to ask

Your foot is as important as any other body part. So, you need to take proper care of your foot. Ask the following questions:

  • Do I regularly expose my feet to sunlight, air, etc.?
  • Am I wearing tight-fitting shoes?
  • Will I continue skipping wearing socks when wearing shoes?
  • How often I wear high heels?
  • Am I experiencing pain when walking or standing on high heels?
  • Am I giving enough time to my feet for rest?
  • Do I regularly pamper my feet?

If you find most of the answers negative then it is clear you are not taking enough care of your feet. You are most likely to develop one or the other symptoms causing foot pain. You can reduce opportunities of foot problems by taking good care of your feet and not wearing shoes that hurt.

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A Number of Factors Can Cause Simple to Complex Foot Problems in Women

Are you experiencing foot pain that is growing with each passing day? Well, you must not neglect the condition or it will worsen to give you sleepless nights. It is a good idea to visit a podiatrist for a quick diagnosis. There are hundreds of women like you suffering from different types of foot problems. You must understand the cause of the pain and choose the right procedure that will help you get rid of your pain persistently. There are many reasons for the discomfort to grow – illness, medical disorder or intense exercises. I know one of my pals who used to cry in pain. Her podiatrist found doing exercises regularly is leading to such problem. After stopping all exercises, my friend's foot pain disappeared.

This is just one cause of foot pain. There are multiple instances of women visiting podiatrists every day to eliminate their discomfort. You may have a painful foot or ankle or joint due to many reasons.

Each foot has 26 bones, several muscles, tissues, and nerves. Our feet offer offer support to the body when standing, walking or running. A painful foot is bound to cause trouble making you uncomfortable when walking or standing. If you love high heels, you should immediately go for a foot check-up to find wherever your shoes are the cause of pain. A podiatrist gets many cases of foot pain caused due to wearing shoes with a narrow tip and narrow base. High heeled shoes have a narrows base with a pointed tip. They put excessive pressure on the foot joints and give less support to the foot. Thus, high heels put too much pressure on a small region leading to discomfort and ache.

The more the height of your heels the more you are closer to developing a chronic pain in the foot. It may even cause long-term damage to your foot muscles and tendons. One useful advice is to wear high-heeled shoes occasionally and flat shoes regularly. High-heeled shoes can bend your toes to cause a range of ailments including ingrown toenails. Squeezing your legs in a narrow toe box may lead to plantar fasciitis, bunions, back pain, and different nerve problems.

High heel footwear makes you bend forward disturbing your natural body alignment. Also, tight-fitting shoes do not leave any gap for the toes to breathe and get fresh air. Skin rashes and inflammation may result because of wearing tight shoes. Putting more pressure on your toes will automatically lead to tilting your body in the forward direction. To balance your body you might have to forcefully lean back creating a posture that will stress your knees, thighs, and back. Slowly it will lead to sciatica, a medical condition where the nerves become trapped causing pain and numbness in the lower part of your body till the feet.

In addition, wearing heels for a long time may cause your calf muscles to shorten leading to pain. In particular, Achilles tendon gets shortened because wearing shoes with a pointed toe and narrow base restricts its growth. Weaving flat shoes in this case will not decrease pain.

Pregnant women also suffer from various foot ailments since they have to carry their baby's weight along with them. However, after giving birth to the child, such pain disappears. Many women suffer from foot problems due to weak health. If you are suffering from diabetes or arthritis, you are most likely to develop foot pain.

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4 Custom Orthotics That Are Good For Your Feet

The majority of people do not have perfect feet, which means there is some lack of support, imbalance or problem with gait. While for the most part this does not cause major medical problems, many people suffer from problems with their feet which cause a myriad of other problems in their bodies as pressure is put on other parts of the skeletal structure. For this reason, custom prescription orthotics may be the answer – without invasive surgery.

Here are 4 reasons why these custom orthotics might be right for you:

Orhotics cushion your feet – One of the largest reasons to get customized orthotics is to help cushion your feet as you stand and walk on them all day. Many people suffer from bunions, gait abnormalities, drop foot, heel rolls and more. Imagine the amount of pressure that your feet endure day in and day out. Cushioned orthotics can help prevent you from getting sore feet, as well as prevent pain in your lower back, knees, hips, legs and neck.

Orhotics support the arches of your feet – Feet come in all different shapes and sizes. While some people may have high arches, others may suffer from flat feet. With customized orthotics, the arches of your feet can be adequately supported so you can absorb any shock and thereby prevent pain. Having proper support means structural and functional disorders can be corrected to align the feet to their optimum functioning position.

Orhotics correct biomechanical problems for better posture and gait – Essentially, when your feet are feeling good, so is the rest of your body. Your joints will be better aligned, which means all the moving parts of your body will be better supported and will feel less pain. Orthotics correct and improve foot structure and function to reduce fatigue and pain in the body that results from the resulting abnormal strain.

Orhotics help to evenly distribute your body weight – Some people may have uneven body weight distribution. In such cases, this can cause pressure points on the body, and therefore cause pain. Without proper alignment and biomechanics of the feet and ankles, the muscles need to work overtime to correct and support the skeletal frame. Orhotics can help take this pressure off, and therefore avoid unwanted pain in various parts of the body.

Getting the custom prescription orthotics for your feet will allow you to enjoy all-day comfort while relieving pain in the rest of your body that was caused my misalignment or improper structure.

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3 Foot Problems That Require a Trip to the Podiatrist

Think about your poor feet: you walk all over them, expose them to rough surfaces and weather, stuff them into shoes, and make them absorb all the impact of walking and running. Our feet take a beating every day, so it's no wonder that most of us experience foot-related injuries over the years.

This is where your local podiatrist can save you. These specialist doctors can identify any problems you have and restore those useful appendages back to full health. What specific maladies should be valued by these doctors? Let's take a look.

Foot and Ankle Pain of Every Variety

When you have a nagging pain that intensifies when you move or exercise, you may have a stress fracture. A podiatrist will give you the care you need to heal the fracture before it worsens into a full-blown broken bone.

Other aches and pains can be trickier to diagnose. Severe pain that lasts more than 24 hours can signal a broken bone, tendon problems, or infection. Burning or sudden numbness can be a sign of neuropathy, which puts you at risk for developing foot ulcers. If you have foot pain when you elevate your legs to lie down, it may be due to reduced blood flow. All of these problems are best diagnosed and valued by a specialist.

Surface Problems

Persisting open wounds on feet or ankles can lead to a bone or skin infection. If a cut or sore does not heal quickly, have a specialist look at it. By the same token, visit the foot doc if you experience skin discoloration on one or both feet. This may signify gout or trouble with veins or blood flow.

Fungal infections compose another area of ​​foot difficulties. A specialist should look at persistent athlete's foot, calluses, corns, wart, or bunions. Although you may ever be referred to a dermatologist for treatment, the podiatrist should be your first line of defense for these issues.

Deferities and Arch Problems

As we grow older, our feet may have complications that involve spontaneous shifting of bones. This may be happen for several reasons, but regardless of the cause, it is extremely painful. If you begin to experience redness, swelling, and pain, see a podiatrist immediately – if left untreated, bones can heal in the wrong place, leading to permanent deformities and difficulty walking.

Similarly, many people experience a collapsed or flattened arch in one or both of their feet. This is a sign of tendon dysfunction, and possibly even a tendon rupture. Left untreated, tendon trouble can throw off the alignment of bones and lead to arthritis in joints. Luckily, most tendon issues can be resolved fairly easily, as long as you see a doctor shortly after noticing the problem.

As you can see, foot problems come in many shapes and sizes. They can strike at any age and often occur spontaneously. A podiatrist will help you resolve even the smallest ache or pain, ensuring that it does not evolve into a larger, more painful condition.

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Can You Drive With a Leg Cast?

If you break your foot or ankle, your doctor may have to fit you with a cast. You will be asked to remain non-weight bearing for a period of time in order to let the injured area heal. Does that mean you can not drive? Here are a few questions to ask yourself in order to decipher the answer.

Question 1: What leg is your cast on?

If your cast it on your right leg and you normally use your right foot to accelerate and brake, the answer is no, you should not be driving. If you have a cast on your left leg, driving may still be an option.

Question 2: Do any medications affect your reactions?

Check your medications and make sure that you are not taking anything that impeded your abilities to react quickly in a vehicle. The medications should inform you if you should not be driving when taking them. You will have to wait to drive until you are no longer taking medications that can affect your abilities.

Question 3: Does your doctor say it's okay?

When you are recovering from an injury, the smartest thing you can do is take the advice of your doctor. If your doctor says you are better off resting at home and not driving, you should follow those directions. Your doctor may be thinking about the best recovery time as well as your safety and the safety of others on the road.

Question 4: Is the cast in the way?

If your cast is on your left foot, it might not be in the way. But you will need to sit yourself behind the wheel and double check to make sure it does not get in the way of your driving in any way. If you can ensure that it will not, driving is an option for you.

Question 5: Does it hurt?

Once you get your cast removed and are continuing down the road to recovery, you may be able to start driving. However, if it hurts to put pressure on your foot, you need to be wary and steer clear from driving long distances. Driving is easier than walking on the injured area, but too much pressure and stress can still send you in a backward spiral.

When you have a cast, your whole life can change. Everything is harder to do and you may feel rather isolated since you probably have to rely on others for a ride to and from anywhere you need to go. Take heart and enjoy the extra time with these people. While they are there, use them to help you get in and out of your new location to ensure your safety. You can spend time paying them back when you are back on both feet.

If you think you may be able to drive on your own, take these questions into consideration and proceed with caution. Your safety and the safety of those around you is the most important consideration.

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Top Natural Ways To Get Rid Of Toenail Fungus

How Do I Know It's Toenail Fungus?

A toenail fungal infection typically appears as a white or yellow spot at the tip of the nail. Gradually, you will find the toenail thickens up and becomes brittle or crumbly. Soon, its shape changes and it appears dull from its natural shiny appearance. As the infection spreads, the nail may even separate from its nail bed, leading to onycholysis.

Top Natural Ways To Get Rid Of Toenail Fungus

You can try some simple natural remedies for toenail fungus treatment. However, if the infection continues to spread or cause a lot of pain and discomfort, seek medical advice.

  1. Apple Cider Vinegar has a natural fungicidal action that not just kills the fungus, but also prevails bacteria from causing a secondary infection. All you need to do is mix equal parts of apple cider vinegar and water. Soak your toenails in this solution for 30 minutes every day for a few weeks. You will find the infection will start clearing off gradually.
  2. Tea tree oil is another antifungal remedy that helps clear the fungal infection as well as other skin infections. Just mix a few drops of tea tree oil in a teaspoon of coconut oil. You can even use olive oil if you wish. Apply it to the affected toenail with the help of cotton. Allow it to stay on for about 10 to15 minutes and then scrub the affected toenail with the help of a toothbrush. Carry out this procedure at least 3 times a day to get positive results.
  3. Coconut oil has the ability to penetrate the cell wall of fungi such as Candida. It causes the protective cell wall to dissolve, destroying the fungus. Thus, in turn, it helps one get rid of the toenail infection. All you need to do is apply a layer of coconut oil on the affected areas and allow it to soak in for about 15 minutes. Carry out this natural remedy for toenail fungus as many times you can in a day.
  4. Mouthwash not just helps kill bacteria in the mouth, but can also help eliminate the fungal infection of the toenail. Mouthwash contains many compounds that act as an antiseptic that advances growth of germs and fungi. All you need to do is mix equal parts of mouthwash and white vinegar in a small tub. Soak the affected foot in this solution for at least 30 minutes. Then, scrub your infected toenail gently with a toothbrush and then rinse it off. Dry your feet well and repeat the remedy 2 times a day.
  5. Oil of oregano mixed with a teaspoon of olive oil acts as an antiseptic, antiparasitic, antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal as well as an analgesic agent. All you need to do is mix just 2 drops of oil of oregano in one teaspoon of olive oil. Use cotton to apply this mixture to the affected area and allow it to get soaked for 30 minutes. Rinse it off and dry your feet well. Repeat this natural home remedy for toenail fungus 2 times a day.

These are a few simple and natural remedies for toenail fungus. The infection usually clears off with these effective home remedies. However, if the infection spreads to other toenails or leads to a lot of pain, consult a doctor for further advice.

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How to Treat Toenail Fungus?

Toenail Fungus

Fungal infection of toenails is a very disturbing condition. The medical term for fungal infection of nails is onychomycosis. Sounds frightening, does not it? The ongoing disease tends to cause physical, as well as psychological signs and symptoms. To avoid complications in the future, it is best to tackle the awful disease as soon as it occurs. People who suffer from onychomycosis look for the best nail fungus medicine far and wide. Although, it progresses slowly, the infection has a nasty habit of getting established firmly. If the conditions remain favorable for the fungi, it gets very hard to treat the infection.

What Causes the Fungi to Attack You?

A group of fungi called dermatophytes love humidity. They flourish in damp areas of your body that includes your toenails. When you wear dirty socks and shoes for long periods of time and use public showers and swimming pools barefoot on a regular basis, these fungi begin to flourish on your nails. There are other factors such as weakened immunity, injury to nails, dermatological problems and diabetes that make you prone to the infection.

Signs and Symptoms of Fungal Nail Infection

The most disturbing symptom of the infection is not pain but the social stigma it carries. When the fungi colony grows, the following signs and symptoms occur:

• The infected nail appears grossly thick and coarse with a white, black, yellow or green discoloration.

• Within a few weeks, nails become very brittle and even break off completely.

• Adjacent skin becomes inflamed, itchy and painful.

• Foul odor

• Psychological trauma

• How to Tackle the Fungal Infection

Today we will tell you a bunch of tried and tested treatment options and nail fungus medicine that will help you cure the fungal infection beyond doubt.

Oral Medication

Whether you have a mild or severe fungal infection, the first-line treatment is oral medication. Follow your doctor's prescription and finish the entire course. Its only disadvantages are a risk of allergic reactions and adverse effects to the drug.

Topical Agents

Application of anti-fungal cream or gel directly over the infected areas is a highly effective method to treat mild infections of the nails. You can either buy over-the-counter creams yourself or get a written prescription. However, for individuals with a severe infection, topical agents will not be very beneficial.

Homeopathic Treatments

Although many people do not opt ​​for alternative medical options, homeopathic methods are known to be quite effective. The idea of ​​the therapy is to treat the disease with the sole use of naturally occurring substances rather than using pharmaceutical drugs. Examples include direct application of tea tree oil, oregano oil, aloe vera, witch hazel astringent and other natural materials on the infected nails.

Naturopathy

Naturopathic medicine is a type of alternative medicine that employs several natural treatments such as homeopathy, herbal medicine, acupuncture, diet planning and lifestyle counseling. If you follow a healthy diet, lead an active life and incorporate some home remedies to treat the fungal nail infection, your condition will definitely improve.

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