Plantar Fasciitis Facts

Plantar fasciitis is a common complaint among athletes and anyone who spends a lot of time on their feet. If you are overweight or a woman you have a greater chance of developing plantar fasciitis. The first step to relief is to understand this condition and know your treatment options. If you feel pain in your heel or foot when you first stand up after sitting for a long period, or you feel pain first thing in the morning which gets better after you move around, you may have plantar fasciitis.

Why Does It Hurt?

The plantar fascia is a long fibrous tissue located in the sole of your foot and it extends from the heel to your toes. This tissue connects the heel bone to the toes and helps you stand, walk, and stay balanced. This tissue can become inflamed and irritated causing pain, swelling, and tenderness.

Who is at Risk?

While anyone can develop this condition and people who carry more weight are at greater risk. More women than men develop this condition as well as people who have very tight calf muscles. Athletes, especially runners, are also at greater risk to develop plantar fasciitis. If you have very flat feet or very high arches you may also be at greater risk to develop the condition. If your job requires you to stand or walk on very hard surfaces for long periods of time, this also puts you at a greater risk.


Most people complain of heel pain upon rising after sitting for long periods of time. Pain may also be more severe right after getting out of bed, but gets better after you move around a bit. You may also feel pain after exercise. The pain is described as feeling like you've stepped on a large stone and is centered in the heel of the foot. As the condition worsens the pain becomes more severe and pronounced.

Treatment Options

The first treatment option is rest and anti-inflammatory medications such as Advil, Motrin, or Alleve. Ice may also give you some relief and reduce swelling. Your doctor may prescribe stretching exercises to help stretch your Achilles tendon and plantar fascia. Shoes with shock absorbing insoles or rubber heel caps may also be recommended by your doctor.

Most cases of plantar fasciitis respond well to treatment within a few months. If not your doctor may elect to inject steroidal anti-inflammatory shots into your heel. Very rarely does the condition require surgery. In several cases though the surgeon will release the plantar fascia from the heel bone to give you relief.

Plantar fasciitis is a common complaint, but it is usually not serious. With proper treatment and care you can return to your normal activities in a few months. If you follow your doctor's recommendations you can also avoid any further infection and damage to your foot.

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Chemical Matrixectomy

Onychocryptosis or more commonly referred to or known as ingrown nails can be painful and dangerous for high risk diabetic patients and patients with peripheral vascular disease. The condition can be painful for any patient and often “even the bed sheets cause the toe to hurt” The following article outlines a permanent procedure for removing ingrown toenails. Diabetic patient should first be assessed for peripheral vascular disease and glycemic control before performing the procedure. Consideration should be made to the kidney function of patients as 5-10 percent of these patients will develop post-operative infections and require systemic antibiotics. These considerations should be discussed with the patient during the pre-operative visit.

In addition care should be taken to fully evaluate the patient for any associated benign or malignant tumors incorporating the nail before performing a chemical matrixectomy. Although rare, any unusual “proud flesh” or abnormal pigmentation of the nail bed should be biopsied before performing a chemical matrixectomy. Such benign tumors include warts (periungual and subungual), fibroma, neurofibroma, pigmented nevus, pyogenic granuloma (periungual and subungual), glomus tumor, myxoid cyst, acquired digital fibrokeratoma, keratoacanthoma, bone cysts including subungual exostosis, osteochondroma, enchondroma. Malignant tumors include bowens disease, metastatic carcinoma most commonly associated with a club appearing nail, basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, and squamous cell carcinoma (the most common malignant cancer see associated with ingrown nails. any of the above conditions the patient should be advised of this and appropriate biopsy carried out.

There are also associated biomechanical etiologies of ingrown toenails that can be considered before performing a chemical matrixectomy. For example hallux abducto valgus deformity that is sufficient enough to cause the lateral border of the nail to impinge against the medial border of the 2nd toe causing the nail fold to overgrow the nail plate and thus causing the nail margin to embed within the tissue. In this situation the patient should be at least advised on the underlying etiology and at least given the option to trying a simple pad between the toes as an alternative to a chemical matrixectomy.

Performing a chemical matrixectomy

Infiltrate 3 cc of lidocaine 2% in standard hallux block. Standard prep with iodine. Introduce a freer elevator under the hyponychium and the eponychium Using a longitudinal nail splitter, create a vertical incision into the nail plate the level of the proximal nail plate. Utilize a 61 blade to finish the cut under the eponychium. Remove the offending nail border with a straight hemostat. Apply 89% phenol for 30 seconds. Repeat 2 applications of phenol. Rinse copiously with alcohol. Utilize a currette and remove excess tissue. Apply silvadene with a dry sterile compressing dress. Follow patient as needed every 1-2 weeks.

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Common Foot Problems Experienced By Men

Your feet form the foundation of your body. Our foot consists of 26 bones, 33 joints, and many ligaments and muscles. We walk, run, and do all sorts of movement using our feet. It is no wonder; your feet will feel the pain and hurt badly if you fail to take proper care of them. We exert excessive pressure on our foot during walking, running, jumping, and standing. If your feet start to pain while doing these activities, you must take precaution right away to avoid developing a chronic foot disorder.

Let's go through the most common foot problems experienced by men.

Fungal and Bacterial Infection

Your feet will develop fungal and bacterial infection if they do not get an adequate amount of fresh air to stay dry and cool. When we wear shoes for a long time, certain parts of our feet like the toenails, space between the toes, and the bottom of our foot fails to get adequate amount of fresh air. These areas become warm and humid and become the favorite breeding spot for fungus and bacteria (they love to grow in warm, dark and humid areas). Fungal and bacterial condition leads to itching, redness, peeling, dry skin, and blisters. If you do not treat your feet quickly, the infection will worsen and cause a serious problem.

Athlete's Foot

If you notice a reddish rash in between your toes after swimming, you have developed an athlete's foot. It is a fungal infection that mostly occurs to swimmers. You must not leave athlete's foot untreated, or it may lead to ulcers. You should carry sandals when going for swimming, and you should also keep your feet dry after a public shower.

Corns and Calluses

If you feel uncomfortable in your newly purchased shoes, it is time; you must avoid wearing those shoes from the next time. If your feet get rubbed against your shoes regularly while walking or running, you will develop corn or calluses. Do not just take any medicine from a pharmacist to treat this condition at home. You must better consult a doctor to treat the source. He will prescribe you medicines good for your health, and to prevent the probabilities of a surgery.


Men have a bunion when they find a bonny bump in their big toe. Bunions happened when your big toe bent and pushes against your next toe. It is a serious foot problem leading to redness and swelling of the big toe. You can develop ugly bunions if you continue to wear tight-fitting shoes and low quality footwear made of hard material.

Ankle Sprain

Mostly, amateur athletes develop an ankle sprain due to putting excess pressure on their ankle. However, even walking on uneven surface can lead to this condition causing acute pain and tearing of the ankle ligament. People should give special attention when buying shoes. You should invest in high quality, soft sole physiological shoes to walk comfortably and in stable way.


Due to muscle strain on your foot, you will find growth of calcium on the bones of your foot. Wearing bad shoes and standing for a long time leads to this disorder. Obese or overweight people also suffer from painful spurs.

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This Natural Athletes Foot Treatment

This natural athletes foot treatment is a fantastic, simple remedy to repair this unpleasant condition, which is a common fungal infection which appears under the feet and especially between the toes. It's generally caused by the feet being soggy for periods of time, which provides perfect conditions for fungus to thrive, is recognized by red, flaking, and blistering skin which is typically swollen, painful, and may also be itchy, can give a lot of irritation and and can be a painful problem. There are a number of medicines to treat athlete's foot.

However, it can be treated efficiently and naturally with a natural athletes foot treatment which uses natural ingredients and therefore has the bonus of no side effects.

An effective natural athletes foot treatment can be performed in three basic stages.

The first part is to rinse the feet fully. For this the ideal ingredient is vinegar. Vinegar used to be used in ancient Egypt to kill bacteria. At that time it was the most easily available mild acid, rich with calcium and other nutrients.

I choose to utilize Apple Cider Vinegar in my treatment.

To rinse the feet

Put c cup of Apple Cider Vinegar added to a bowl of warm water.

Place your your feet in the bowl and leave to soak for 15 minutes. It may sting slightly depending on the severity of your athletes foot, but will not cause any harm and will disinfect your feet.

Now, to put together your natural athletes foot treatment

1 Tablespoon of aloe Vera gel – this natural anti fungal ingredient fights the fungus which causes athlete's foot as well as moisturizer the skin.

1 Teaspoon of olive oil – this helps to soften the skin hardened by the infection so that the tea-tree oil used in the last stage is better absorbed.

Mix the aloe Vera gel and olive oil together and spread over the infected area. Leave for 10 minutes then rinse your feet with warm water, and dry.

For the last part

Spread a splash of Tea tree oil straight into the afflicted part of the feet.

Tea tree oil has natural anti bacterial properties that will help to destroy the fungus and discourage it from spreading to other areas.

Applying this treatment at least once a week will help to beat the infection.

The fungus thrives in warm, damp conditions. Therefore make sure that you dry your feet completely after bathing or swimming, especially between your toes.
Try to wear items made from natural textiles on your feet such as cotton socks and shoes made from leather to allow your feet to breathe.

Hopefully this treatment aids you to get rid of this painful condition and return to normal as quickly as possible.

For more information

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All You Need To Know About Frostbite

Every season comes with changes to the environment. And with every change that occurs, our bodies are in the habit of adjusting. It may be an adjusting to the temperature, to precipitation, or even to humidity. Whatever the adjustment is though, there are several risk that we need to consider.

In the winter, temperature is the largest change that our bodies need to accommodate. Even as temperatures drop, our bodies are required to maintain its normal body temperature. This is the sole reason why winter is the time for ugly sweaters, big hoodies, oversized bonnets, ear muffs, and more.

These are all part of the coping process. However, because of the availability of clothing able to battle out this temperature change, there are times or circumstances that put us in the position of being unable to fight the weather. One of these largest risks is frostbite.

Frostbite is a medical condition where your skin and its tissues freeze.

This condition commonly occurs to exposed areas of the body-ears, nose, fingers, checks, chin, and even your feet. This means that any part of our body unable to deal with the temperature drop can be subject to this condition.

It can be difficult to deal with frostbite, and if not treated right, it could lead to frustening consequences such as nerve damage and amputation.

So a heads up: if you need to travel or stay out in the cold for long hours this winter season, you will be highly vulnerable to frostbite. There are many ways to avoid this, you can always layer your socks or use special heating devices. However, in case you suspect that you or someone you know is frostbitten, here is a list of the symptoms that you should carry around this season:

  • Your skin feels cold and includes a prickling feeling.
  • The affected areas feel numb
  • Your skin may turn red, white, a combination of bluish white or it may look grayish-yellow
  • Your skin appears hard or waxy
  • You become clumsy, and your muscles feel stiff
  • Blisters occur after you rewarm your skin (usually appears in different cases)

These symptoms may not appear all at once but remain cautious as frostbite has three different stages:

  1. Frostnip – In the first stage, your skin feels very cold and it may appear pale or red. If unnoticed, you may also feel prickling or numbness, but do not worry since frostnip does not bring permanent damage to your skin.
  2. Superficial Frostbite – Your skin appears red and will turn white or pale. Although your skin feels soft, some ice crystals may occur. If you rewarm your skin at this stage, it will appear blue or purple. You may also feel stinging, burning, or swelling.
  3. Severe Frostbite – At this stage, you feel numb, losing all kinds of sensation (pain, cold, or any sense of discomfort). Your muscles and joints also stop functioning.

Watch for any sign of frostbite, especially if you stayed out in the cold weather for a long time. In case medical help is not immediately available, apply the following first aid steps:

  • Leave the cold and stay in a warm room right away.
  • Avoid walking without it is absolutely necessary
  • Warm the frostbitten area in warm water. The water must not be hot, or it may burn your skin and cause further damage.
  • If warm water is not available, use your body to warm the affected area. (ie tuck your frostbitten fingers under your armpits)
  • Do not rub or massage the frostbitten part
  • Do not use the following when warming the affected skin: fireplace, stove, heating pad, or heat lamp. Doing so might cause more damage to the skin.
  • Avoid getting dehydrated or exhausted because it will most likely prevent you from responding to the cold weather.

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Strengthening Your Fallen Arches in Your Foot

The Anatomy of the Foot

The anatomy of the human foot consist of 26 bones. These bones are in a healthy alignment so that they can each perform their specific job. The bones are positioned into arches. Together with ligaments, tendons and muscles there are four arches. Two of these arches run lengthwise, and two run crosswise in the foot.

What Causes the Arches to Fall

Due to the many stresses the foot encounters including repetitive trauma, obesity, pregnancy, improper footwear, walking on uneven terrain your foot may lose it's healthy alignment and arches over time. In other words the 26 bones misaligned, placing increased stress on the muscles, ligaments, nerves, and tissues of the foot, causing pain and symptoms.

What can be done for these fallen arches?

The arches will need to be strengthened. There are several rehabilitation type exercises you can do at home to strengthen the arches. Let's review these one at a time.

The first thing to do is a simple toe raise. You want to stand with your feet about shoulder width apart. You are going to raise your heel in the air shifting your weight to the balls and toes of your feet. You want to hold to a count of 5 seconds then lower your heel. Start with 5 repetitions and build to 10. Then add a second and third set as you build endurance. This should be done everyday while building those arches.

The next is a little bit trickier but still pretty simple. I call these heel circles. Lift your heels off the ground about an inch and begin to do circular motions with your heals for 10 repetitions then do another 10 in the opposite direction. You are going to want to build to three sets.

The third exercise I call the stork because you stand on one leg like a stork. Do this close to a wall incase you need to grab it for balance but the objective is to not hold on to anything. When you lift your leg bringing it high enough so your thigh is parallel to the ground. You can extend your arms to the side initially until your balance improves but the goal is to keep hands at your sides. Hold for 30 seconds each foot and repeat 5 times on each foot. You should also perform this one each day. At first you will likely be wobbly due to weak tendons, muscles and joints but you will soon improve.

To help support the arches while you are strengthening them you can wear orthotics in your shoes. These are arch supports that slip into your shoes that will force the arch into a more normal position. You can buy generic type ones from a drug or shoe store as well as get a custom made pair from a chiropractor. The custom ones will be better because they are made for your foot by taking a mold then sent to a lab to be produced.

How to Restore the Normal Alignment of the Bones?

The best way to restore the arches to their normal position is to get back the normal healthy alignment of the bones. Remember we talked about the reason the arches fell in the first place was the mis-alignment of the bones. Nothing will restore this alignment except very specific adjustments to the bones. This is performed by a Hand and Foot Chiropractor. A general chiropractor may be able to help although a hand foot chiropractor has many hours of specific training in adjusting the foot and ankle area. This will improve the motion, strength, and flexibility, and help to improve these arches of your feet for good.

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When Should You See a Foot Specialist?

Our feet are one of our most important body parts. They play a huge part in balance and locomotion. Unfortunately, they're one of our most neglected and abused. We stub toes, squeeze them into uncomfortable shoes, or stand and walk on them for hours. It's not uncommon to experience pain, fungus, or ingrown toenails, but many people do not know when it's time to go to the foot specialist.

Just in case you do not already know, a podiatrist is a foot specialist who diagnoses and treats conditions related to your ankle and below. They can earn board certification through training, experience, and an exam.

You should make an appointment to meet with a podiatrist if you experience any of these 5 conditions.

1. Bunions. These are bumps that usually show up at the base of your big toe and can cause pain and swelling. Bunions can be caused by one of several factors including the way you walk, what kind of shoes you wear, how you developed, or even neuromuscular disorders.

2. Heel pain. There are many different causes of heel pain that you should see a physician about. Often, it's plantar fasciitus, which is when the soft tissues on your heel and the surrounding areas are inflamed. In children, it's often osteochondritis dissecans, rather than plantar fasciitus, which occurs when a piece of cartilage comes loose from the end of the bone.

3. Corns and calluses. These spots of hardened skin can be very painful when too much buildup occurs. To ensure that the procedure is done correctly and cleanly, you'll want a professional to gently remove the hardened skin and follow up with treatment to prevent another buildup.

4. Fungus. Whether it's under the toenails or in the form of athlete's foot, you'll want to consult a foot specialist for help taking care of the fungus. Closely related to jock itch and ring worm, the fungus in between your toes can cause itching, stinging, and burning. Nail fungus can cause thickened nails, discoloration, and crumbling. Both of these conditions are treatable with prescriptions, but if they're not appreciated, they can easily spread to other areas of your body or other people.

5. Numbness, swelling, or tingling. You should be aware of these symptoms, especially if they're occurring only on the right or left side of your body. The causes could vary anywhere from a broken bone, to infection, or to lymphedema, which is a buildup of lymph fluid. It could even be Morton's neuroma which is the thickening of nerve tissue. In addition to numbness, Morton's neuroma can also cause burning and stinging. This nerve buildup has been linked to high-heeled shoes.

As with any medical concern, your physician can help you get the correct diagnoses, treatment, and follow up to prevent any recurrence. If you're having trouble from the ankle down, you should contact a foot specialist for further assistance. Podiatrists have received specialized training, and they can help you with any of the conditions above in addition to many others.

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Flat Feet – An Invisible Threat

Flat feet, also called fallen arches or Pes planus (PP), is a condition in which a person develops flattened arch on the inner side of feet, which allows the sole to touch the ground while standing. It's an unusual condition, which, however, does not cause pain in the beginning. Neverheless, it could become a cause of concern later in life, resulting in various foot problems. Usually a painful condition, flat feet occurs as a result of a childhood injury or due to wear and tear of age-related stresses. If left untreated, the condition can contribute to complications in the synagogues and ankles as it alters optimal aliment of the legs.

Possible Causes of Flat Feet in Adults

Flat feet are often caused due to various reasons; the cause may vary from one person to another. It is believed that in case of adults, excessive stress on the feet is a responsible factor. Failing to cure an injury, like ankle sprain, without proper treatment and healing time, can cause this problem.

Excessive feet stress occurs when:

• muscles weakened in the lower leg, foot and ankle due to weight gain or aging
• people walk or stand for long, especially in dress shoes or high heel
• people wear uncomfortable footwear without adequate arch support
• foot injuries occur, such as broken foot bone or ankle sprains

Other common causes of flat feet are:

• Weak arch that fails to bear body weight and becomes flat over time
• Severe injury of the feet
• Degenerative diseases like arthritis
• Ruptured tendon (tibialis posterior)
• Pregnancy
• Muscles or nervous system diseases like muscular dystrophy, spina bifida, or cerebral palsy
• Tarsal coalition, a condition in which bones of both the feet fuse together to cause stiffness and fallen arches
• Diabetes
• Age

Future Health Problems from Fallen Arches

Flatfeet, if left untreated, can cause health problems in the future. Since the condition is asymptomatic, causing no pain or problem otherwise, people do not pay heed to it. However, anything that is structurally unusual for the body should be reported to a specialist for proper diagnosis. The condition can also be treated with shoe inserts, therapy, medications, leg braces and surgery. But, before reaching the treatment stage, correct diagnosis should be done.

Some common health problems associated with flat feet are:

• Pain, although not felt initially, can start affecting the lower leg and ankles over time. Foot pain worsens when walking, running or standing. It will only ease with rest. Such pain can be sever to limit activities.

• Fallen arches can cause shin splints – a condition in which the shinbone is inflated due to overuse while running without adequate foot support.

• Bunions may form, affecting the big toe joint at its base. With flat feet, you might have difficulties in finding a good pair of shoes. As a result, pressure on your joints is obvious. This pressure leads to enlarged joints, which pushes the big toe to cause pain.

• Tendinitis is commonly caused due to flat feet. The Achilles tendon is affected due to increased stress on the back of the ankles and heals, which causes swelling, warmth and pain.

• Flatfeet make the feet muscles weaker, which leads to hammertoe. It is a painful condition.

• Flatfoot could also lead to calls, resulting from constant friction or rubbing against the sole of shoes to cause hardened and thickened skin layers to develop.

It is possible to take care of flat feet and prevent further complications, but only when realized on time.

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Signs and Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis and Its Treatment

Your foot has many tendons, fibrous tissues, bones, and muscles. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the fibrous tissue which connotes your toes to your heel bone becomes irritated and inflamed. Pain may occur after sitting or lying down for a prolonged time and can come on quite suddenly. Pain is usually sharp (most people describe it as a stabbing pain) and subsides a bit after you move around. Pain may reoccur if you stand on your feet for a long time, or if you once again sit for long periods of time and then get up to walk.

Anatomy of the Foot

To understand plantar fasciitis it is important to understand the anatomy of the foot. Your feet are very similar in structure to your hands. Bones, tendons, and muscles are connected and nourished by blood vessels. The fibrous tissue and tendons give your foot flexibility and help you maintain balance as you walk.

A long fibrous tissue is connected to your toes and runs the length of the bottom of your foot and connects to your heel bone. It is this tissue, the plantar fascia which acts as a shock absorber and supports the arch of your foot, which becomes inflated during plantar fasciitis.


Typically runners and people who carry extra weight complain of plantar fasciitis pain. This is because of the extra stress put on the foot and the fibrous tissue. If not raised small tears may occur in the plantar fascia causing further pain and damage. Repetitive stretching can also cause the condition. Age is also another factor. Most cases occur in people between the ages of 40 and 60. Certain activities put you at greater risk such as running, aerobic dancing, and ballet dancing. People with flat feet or high arches are also at a greater risk as well as people that work in jobs which require you to be on your feet for long periods of time.


You may get relief from rest and NSAIDS which help to reduce pain and inflammation such as Advil or Motrin. Naproxen, Alleve, is also used to help reduce inflation. Physical therapy aimed at stretching the plantar fascia and strengthening the lower leg muscles may be prescribed by your doctor. Your doctor may also recommend night splints that help stretch your calf and arch of your foot while you sleep. Custom fitted orthotics or over the counter heel cups may also help to give you relief.

If the pain is severe your doctor may also inject steroid medication into the area to provide relief from pain. Repeated use of steroid injections is not recommended because it can weaken the fibrous tissue and cause it to rupture. Chronic plantar fasciitis may be treated with extracorporeal shock wave therapy. This therapy directs sound waves to the heel area of ​​your foot to help promote healing. Care must be taken with this type of therapy as it may cause swelling, pain, numbness and tingling, or bruising. In very severe causes surgery to release the fibrous tissue from the heel bone may be required, but this treatment is very seldom used.

If you experience stabbing and sudden heel pain after sitting for a while ask your doctor about the possibility of plantar fasciitis. There are treatments to help relieve pain and irritation and get you back to your day to day activities.

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Are Your Shoes Killing You?

Women love shoes! We wear different kinds of shoes in the morning, afternoon lunch, dinners, parties and even in different parts of our house. But do you know that these pretty pair of shoes can sometimes kill?

As more and more women reach new heights by adding inches to the heels of their beloved shoes, the balls of their foot are getting misaligned with the rest of the bones, creating not only imbalance in the body but also a future full of joint pains, joint degeneration and osteoarthritis.

Orthopedic doctors across the globe are wincing when they see another woman stumbling in their office because of a shoe related problem. The list includes deformed foot due to the shape of shoes, increased curvature of the spine, knee and hip injuries.

When nature intended us to walk, it did not know that soon we would make comfortable shoes for ourselves that would be cushioned, heeled and comfy. So, it made our mid foot as well as our arches strong enough to take us places. The natural gait of humans was to put the mid foot in contact with the earth first and then the heel. This way there would be no jerks, shocks or sudden collisions with the ground.

Now, take a second to stand up and put your foot forward, which part strikes the ground first? If you are a modern woman wearing comfy shoes, chances are that you have put your heel first and the mid foot and toes. So, why has this change occurred? And more importantly, how does it change things for us?

You can blame the change in the way you walk on the shoe industry, which is doing all it can to make the environment so comfortable inside your shoe, that your foot forgers how to work naturally. The cushions, supports, heels as well as shock resistance pads, encourage the wearer to land on her heel first. This results in what is known as 'repetitive stress injuries' or simply, the stress caused by continuous sudden collision of the heel to the ground.

So, should you run around bare feet from now on?

The social norms will not let you live peacefully if you do that. And more importantly, shoes protect us from thorns, rubble, rock and even hot or cold surfaces. But, you must do away with heels in your shoes as well as cushions which are doing bad rather than good. And when you can, remove your shoes and walk around on the grass and feel the earth benefit you.

Here are the alternatives:

1. Use shoes which are flat and are close to the barefoot movement.
2. Make it a habit to walk without shoes on grass or in your house for at least 30 minutes. This not only gives your foot strength, but let your body's energies (ions) be stabilized.
3. Say no to heels in your shoes, whatever the temptation.

Feel free to ditch the shoes every now and then and re live the past when all that was required to walk out of house was a pair of feet!

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Heel Pain? It Could Be Plantar Fasciitis

Your feet take a beating every day. Think about how much walking you do in just your day to day activities. If you are active in sports your feet take even more abuse and you may experience heel pain. Even people who are not athletic can experience heel pain, and the most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis.

This is the inflammation of the plantar fascia ligament which connects your heel to the front of your foot. The plantar fascia ligament supports the arch of your foot and helps you walk correctly. These ligaments act as shock absorbers and too much pressure on your feet can tear or damage them. This in turn can cause stiffness and heel pain.

Risk Factors

If you are carrying extra weight you are at a greater risk for this condition. Women who are pregnant may experience plantar fasciitis because of the extra weight carried during pregnancy. Long distance runners or people that stand on their feet for long periods of time, such as factory workers, are also at greater risk. This condition is more common in women than men, and in both men and women between the ages of 40 and 70.

People with existing foot problems, for example high arches or flat feet, and people that have tight Achilles tendons may also be at a higher risk for this condition. If you are in any of these groups you may be able to avoid plantar fasciitis by wearing shoes with good arch support and firm soles.


The most common symptoms are stiffness and pain in the heel of the foot. The pain may develop slowly or be a sudden sharp. Some people experience a burning sensation or an ache on the bottom of their feet. The pain may be worse in the morning when you first get out of bed or if you have been lying down or sitting for an extended period. Also heel stiffness may make it hard to climb stairs. The pain from plantar fasciitis is not usually felt during prolonged activity, but may develop just after stopping because of the flare up of inflammation.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Your doctor will examine your feet and check for tenderness or soreness. He may also ask you to flex your foot while he pushes on your heel to gauge your pain. Your doctor may also order an MRI or x-ray to rule out fracture or other foot problems.

Most cases of plantar fasciitis can be relieved by rest and the use of over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) pain relievers such as ibuprofen or naproxen. If this treatment does not give you relief an injection of a corticosteroid into the damaged ligament may be a treatment option. A small and painless electrical current used in conjuction with topical corticosteroids on the skin of your heel may also be used to relieve pain and inflammation.

Physical therapy to stretch your Achilles tendon, plantar fascia, and leg muscles is a good choice for the treatment of this condition. In very severe cases surgery may be needed. In this surgery the ligament is partially washed and a second surgery is needed to lengthen the calf muscle. This is a very involved surgery and used only for very severe cases or in the event of an injury.

If you suffer from heel pain make an appointment with your doctor to rule out inflammation of the plantar fascia. This common condition can usually be easily satisfied with rest and NSAIDs, but if that does not give you relief be sure to visit your doctor and get the relief you need.

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What Your Socks Say About Foot Odor

There are literally hundreds of suggestions from people all over the web on how you can put an end to foot odor. And these ideas do work, but it's not the same for everyone. You've probably tried a dozen of these already, and probably some worked out and some did not. Some are probably too time-consuming, and you do not have a lot of that free time on your hands. But did you know that before all of these DIY recipes or available treatments, there is one easy way that you can single out foot odor?

Yes. And that is simply reviewing your sock drawer.

Not convinced? Here's why.

Socks are the mediator between our feet and our shoes. So even before our sweat drips over to the other side and activates the process for bacterial growth, which usually leads to foot odor, socks act a catch basin as it absorbs sweat from our feet. That said, sock are not just in place to keep us warm, but they are great aids for promoting healthy feet.

So if you've been ignoring your socks all this time, then here are a couple of pointers that you should open address.

  1. You should have enough pairs to last a week, or just enough to avoid you from reusing your socks consecutively.
    How many pairs of socks do you have in your sock drawer? Compare this with how many days a week you're required to put them on. If you have at least one pair of socks per day, then you're good to go. Do make sure that before the next week starts, they're all clean for you to use again.

    You have to think twice before you reuse a pair of socks. Chances are, these socks have already been exposed to bacteria. If you reuse them and they catch sweat once again, the moisture will only revive bacterial growth, which is not your ideal way of solving your foot odor problem.

  2. Your socks should be made from cotton or wool, or at least a majority of it.
    Not all socks are created for moisture absorption, so understand which socks are best for it. Cotton socks or even socks made from wool, are best for absorbing sweat. And because these types of fabric are breathable, they promote a cooler environment for your feet. On the other hand, polyester or nylon socks are indeed very durable and will last a longer time. However, polyester or nylon socks are not built to absorb moisture due to their synthetic nature. These socks are also not breathable, they will trap heat in your feet, making your feet warm rather than cool.
  3. Have a great variety of socks in your drawer so you will not have any reason to skip them for the sake of fashion.
    These days, low cut shoes such as boat shoes and flats are becoming more and more popular. The problem, however, is that regular socks do not go well with these types of shoes. As these shoes are low-cut, regular socks will be visible and thus defeat fashion aesthetic. So for the purpose of preserving “the look”, people would rather skip the socks and up the fashion.

    With the wide assortment of socks readily available in the market, sacrificing comfort or style is no longer necessary. There are lots of different kinds of socks that will meet every fashion agenda, and even every particular occasion. Try out filling your drawer with crew socks, knee-length socks, dress socks, no show socks, and even “barely there” socks. These are a great addition to your sock collection, and more importantly, you no longer have to stress about your choices.

  4. Preserve the quality of your socks through these following tips.
    Once you have the socks that you need, it also pays to take care of them. Socks are your partner to great feet, so you have to make sure they're really care for so they can meet your expectations. Here are some tips that you should take note of:
  • Socks need to be washed by hand; however, if you can not save up some time to do this, wash them on gentle cycle and use cold water instead of hot to maintain the fabric.
  • Do not use any chemicals on your socks. If you are concerned about sock stains, use natural bleaching remedies such as lemon juice or baking soda.
  • Do put your socks in the dryer, just squeeze out the water from them and hang to dry. This will help maintain the original shape of your socks and will prevent them from becoming loose.

So for keeping smelly feet at bay, start with this sock initiative and find out how it can work wonders for your feet!

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8 Most Effective Ways on How to Get Rid of Toenail Fungus

Are you struggling to get rid of toenail fungus?

You do not have to struggle anymore because this article offers you some of the most effective ways to eliminate them without a lot of hard work. It is good to remove them very fast because the fungus infections are progressive and can cause permanent damage to your toenails. In addition, most of the fungus that affect the toenail are very contagious and can move to other toenails leading to total damage of your legs and feet. Here are some of the most effective ways on how to get rid of toenail fungus.

Antifungal pills

There are many antifungal pills that can be applied to help get rid of the toenail fungus. If you visit a doctor the pills will be prescribed in case you have an advanced infection. The pills can also be applied if the fungus fails to respond to other forms of treatment. If your doctor prescribes you the pills, you will also be advised to go for clinical examinations in order to monitor the progress.

Topical antifungal treatments

There are several topical antifungal treatments that are found in the form of salve or lotion that can be applied in the infected area of ​​your toe. In most cases, the lotion or salve is effective if your infection is mild.

Surgical toenail removal

If your toenail is affected completely by the fungus, then the best way to get rid of them is to have the infected toenails removed completely through surgery. After that this is a drastic measure, it is effective in controlling the spread of the fungal infection.

Wear proper footwear

It is good to know that fungus survives in poorly ventilated and moist areas. So, if your toe is already infected by the fungus you should wear light and breathable shoes. Make sure that you alternate them frequently. If you are the kind of person who has feet that sweat a lot, then you should change your socks two times in a day. To avoid moisture on your feet, wear socks made from natural materials such as wool or cotton. To avoid spreading the problem to your finger nail, always wash your hands after application.

Carry out exercises

You need to understand that your feet may not have the same blood circulation compared to other parts of your body. Thus, it may be hard at times for your body's immune system to recognize and get rid of food infections. To get rid of the toenail fungus you should not perform strenuous exercises that may lead to sweaty feet. You can perform easy exercises such as walking that will boost your blood flow in your feet and improve your overall immune system that will help in eliminating the fungus from your feet.

Application of tea tree oil

According to several studies applying tea tree oil is an effective way to help remove the toenail fungus. You need to apply the tea tree oil two times a day to improve the appearance of the toe that has been infected by the fungus. However, do not make the mistake of taking the oil exclusively, it only needs to be applied on the infected area. In most cases, you will have the problem eliminated after three months of regular application.


Garlic is an effective product because it has antifungal compound known as ajoelene and has proved to be effective against several fungal infections including toenail fungus. It is good to note that ajoelena solutions can not be found in commercial stores. All you need to do is to crush many garlic cloves, add them to your foot bath and soak your foot or feet for half an hour. Alternately you can mix minced fresh garlic together with olive oil and rub gently on the infected area using a cotton ball.


There are several oral medicines that can help you get rid of the toenail fungus such as sporanox and lamisil. It is advisable not to take the oral medications together with topical medications. This is because they are more effective when taken alone.

Bottom line

In order to have the toenail fungus eliminated effectively, it is good to follow the right procedure in applying them. If the problem persists always seek medical advice from your doctor.

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What Are the Best Shoes for Your Feet to Avoid Foot Pain?

If you are suffering from foot pain or are trying to avoid foot pain, you might be wondering what are the best shoes for your feet to reduce foot pain. Certain shoes may be much easier on your feet and reduce your risk of foot problems and discomfort.

The Podiatrist Society will give an endorsement to specific shoes if they are good for your feet. Some of the more common comfortable shoes they have endorsed are: Dansko, Merrill and Clarke. These brands are designed to provide good arch support and a wide toe box. They are also constructed with a support cushioned heel to eliminate heel pain.

An expensive dress shoe that is designed by a female orthopedic surgeon trained in foot and ankle surgery is Taryn Rose. These are designed specifically to accommodate a painful foot while also providing the design appealing of high fashion.

If you have foot problems and you find that wearing high heels is painful, try wearing a wedge or platform dress shoe. It will give you more height while also putting less stress on your feet.

When looking for a running or workout shoe, the key components are a wide heel with a thick sole and a built in arch support. Workout shoes wear out. When they start to lose their cushion or the rubber on the sole begin to wear off, it is time to buy new shoes. Runners may want to keep track of their daily mileage so they know how many miles are on the shoes. Depending on the shoe type they should typically be replaced every 200-300 miles.

If you have a lot of foot pain, switching out shoes every other day is another useful tip. Changing your shoes will change the contact points on your feet. By wearing different shoes on different days, you may reduce foot pain. Alternating between two different pair of shoes can be helpful.

Walking barefoot on a hard surface such as a hardwood floor can worsen foot pain. If your home is not carpeted, consider wearing a shoe in your home for added comfort and support.

When you are shopping for new shoes, keep in mind that the toe box of the shoe should be wider or at least the same width as your foot. If you are placing your foot in a shoe that is more narrow than your foot it can create pain and extremely a bunion deformity.

Taking care of your feet is important for your overall health and wellbeing. If you suffer from foot pain, standing, walking and running can be much more difficult. If you have ongoing foot pain or some type of foot condition like plantar fasciitis or bunions, you may want to seek help from a qualified medical provider for a diagnosis and additional treatment options. Ignoring persistent foot pain is not recommended since it may become more severe and lead to other problems.

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3 Athletic Foot Injuries That Require The Best Podiatrist In Town

If you're active, you're probably putting wear and tear on your feet. Your feet are full of muscles and tissues that absorb shock as you move around. Regular stress can mess with the way these muscles function, however, which causes pain that will have you running (or getting taken) to the best podiatrist around.

Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are a common problem for people who work out regularly. They often happen if you train too much without eating the right foods to repair and re-energize you. This is because this fraction happens when bone cells become imbalanced. Without the proper nutrients, the bone can not maintain its normal function. This means pain in the feet and toes. You'll also have tenderness and mild swelling on the top of the foot. The best course of action is to find the best podiatrist you know and get an X-ray. These fractures are tiny, so multiple X-rays and maybe even an MRI may be necessary. A good orthopedist will help you repair it.


No, bunions are not just a problem for grouchy old ladies. They are painful, bony bumps that form along the side of your big toe after stressful movement. When you exercise, you're at risk for bunions if your ligaments and bones are supporting your foot when your muscles should be doing the job. This makes your arch collapses. When you move, the ball of your foot should be doing the lion's share of pushing off, so propelling you forward. When this task is shoved off to other parts of the foot, such as the big toe, you can develop pain and tenderness. If this happens, it needs to be corrected. A podiatrist will help you find the right shoes or, if it's bad enough, recommend surgery to make sure your muscles work together properly when you walk or run.

Turf Toe

If you're an offending lineman, you've probably dealt with this one. Turf toe comes from repeatedlyated hyper-extending the muscles in your big toe. You're prone to this injury if you wear lightweight shoes while exercising or consistently engage in toe-stressing exercises like squats and box jumps. It causes pain and tenderness in the toe's joint whenever you try to move or bend it. If you have these symptoms, find the best podiatrist in your area to X-ray the toe and diagnose the exact problems. Ask your doctor to recommend taping techniques to set the joint in place. You'll also need rest and ice, and you'll probably want to trade in your track shoes for something with a stiffer sole.

An active lifestyle is healthy, rewarding, and often very fun. But do not forget about the stress it causes to your body. Unfortunately, as you continue to work and play hard, you'll probably suffer a minor injury or two. When it comes to foot injuries that do not go away, your first instinct should be to ask friends and family for the best podiatrist they know. Specialist will see what you can not, and will get you back on the track or field in no time.

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