Bunionectomy 101

A bunion is an enlargement of the joint of the big toe which is usually caused by inflammation. This largest joint of the foot could become inflamed and painful because of poorly fitting footwear (usually Narrow and tight fitting footwear) resulting to a pronation of the foot.

As the foot becomes disfigured, a painful and hard lump develops at the side of this inflamed joint; the big toe may also move towards the second toe as a result of this growth. This painful growth that may resemble a spur is called a bunion. The most effective way to remove a bunion growth and to prevent it from developing and disfiguring the foot all the more is bunionectomy. This surgical removal of the bunion is very important to regain a person's range of mobility since a bunion causes pain when walking, running and may even hurt when standing. Bunionectomy is the most chosen way to remove bunions that can effectively return a person's gait as well.

A bunionectomy is done in a sterile outpatient clinic or in a doctor's office. This surgical procedure involves an excursion of the entire bunion and deciding whether bone repositioning is needed. The procedure begins with a local anesthesia or an ankle block applied, the bunion is removed and any ligaments or bones repaired to restore the alignment of the foot. Bunionectomy precedes bone repair if there is diagnosed massive deformity of the big toe bones. Some bunions may grow to the extent of damaging the bones of the feet and destroying the entire big toe joint making joint replacement a necessity.

After the bunionectomy, the surgeon sutures the site and places sterile bandages on the area. Post operative care is necessary to be able to recover early. Initially, there will be swelling and pain on the operative site. The doctor will prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs to control the pain, swelling and redness that may occur. Support the foot without bearing weight on it or applying any pressure to be able to heal properly. A special shoe or a cast may be worn on the area after the bunionectomy as well. Constant follow up is needed to asses healing and any complications of the surgery. Any untoward after effects must be reported like high fever, chills, severe pain on the surgical site or pus oozing from the site as well. The dressing should be kept clean and dry and never take the dressing off unless recommended by your doctor.

Bunionectomy is not the end of bunion removal. After the surgery and the wound have completely healed, a person must undergo physical therapy to slowly bring back the movement and gait that he had before. A physical therapist can help you with the proper exercises and strength training routines that you can do to achieve foot health.

Bunionectomy is proven to be the ideal bunion removal method with a success rate of 90% as compared to creams, soaks and products to improve your gait and movement. This is why many people who suffer from bunions choose bunionectomy rather than suffering a lifetime of painful movement.

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The High Heel Obsession

An invention created by the great Leonardo da Vinci in 1533 has become a thing of obsession for hundreds of women for the next 500 years. It was for the future king of France, Catherine d'medici wore a 5 centermetre heels to elevate and beautify her figure.

Elevated sandals had been worn for some time, even as far back as the ancient Egypt, where they were worn to show elevated status and prosperity. Before the 18th century high heels were popular with both men and women but it was only at the middle of the century that they became the reserve of women, where they evolved to form an iconic image of sex power and modern culture

Lorrain Gamman has described high heels as man made objects synonymous with crippling women and slowing down their escape from the clutches of men. Others although agree high heels represent sexual freedom, feminine empowerment and high fashion.

Podiatrist Kathy Hitchcox recommends certain types of heels over others claiming “While very high stiletto heels are very kind of heels are fine, the high-high stiletto is not only force your rear and forefoot into an abnormal angle, but styles with a pointy toe also squeeze the front of your foot into an uncomfortably tiny space ”

Platform heels and clogs are both designed to lessen the slope of the foot preventing the high heel look without the potential damage to the heel and foot. Early clogs were designed for the high society of Venice where they would be worn to prevent shoes and skirts from dragging on muddy streets. These shoes would typically be decorated with brocade, leather velvet and precious stones and become the symbol of high society since the term “well heeled”

Hithcox also makes a case for flat shoes and sandals also being as damaging to feet as heels where the shoes are too low offering no support to the foot.resulting in pain in the heel and arch. The use of an insole in this type of shoe can help alleviate the pain and offer the support necessary.

The modern heel was created for Dior by Roger Viver who created the Stiletto after the dagger of the same name. The Stiletto helped straighten the legs, lift the buttocks and made one look slimmer. Podiatrist Paul Graig however has described stilettos as “a disaster waiting to happen” and believes although they can look fantastic they can cause a number of problems including corns, calluses, lower back pain, knee discomfort, shin splints, bunions and hip pain. Paul Craig recommends wearing them only when necessary and not for extended periods of time.

High heels may be amazing to wear but being aware of the implications of wearing them will help prevent long term foot problems.

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What Causes Cracked Heels?

Cracked heels or also called heel fissures, refer to the condition while the skin on the heel becomes dry, cracked and hardened. The condition in itself may not be alarming though the heel fissures can become painful if there is a deep slit into the sole or as a result of infection due to open wounds. There are various cracked heel causes. For severe conditions these can be treated by podiatrist. Heel fissures can most certainly be healed through self-treatment using moisturizing cream or oils. These can be easily obtained from the stores. Also there are many online stores that carry these products for your easy purchases and convenience.

Common causes of cracked heels are

  • Natural dry skin
  • Aging
  • Overweight
  • Skin diseases and disorders
  • Ill fitting footwear
  • Environmental or climate effect
  • Prolonged standing

Cracked heels are a common condition affecting people who have very dry skin. This is a condition which is known as xerosis. This condition is also found to be more obvious in older people. Climatic changes do lead to cracked heel as well. In drier season this leads to cause drier skin which heightened the possibility.

Heel fissures seem unavoidable due to the many walking and the ever increasing pressure acting on the feet constantly. It does not matter whether you are walking as it affects you while you are standing as well. The problem will be a little more exaggerated for people who are overweight. Being overweight put the extra pressure on the feet, causing the heel to somehow inflate sideway. Footwear such as sandal, slipper or any open-backed design will aggravate the chances of developing cracks around the rim of the heel.

Naturally anyone who has dry skin condition will be more likely to develop cracks in the heels. Other skin problems which caused the heel to become dry and rough will escalate the likelihood of a cracked heel symptom. These can be psoriasis or eczema. Diabetic patients may have a higher chance of developing heel fissures due to the reduction in sweating.

Usually the condition is a combination of the above list of causes. It is true that a person with a natural dry skin foundation will be more likely to develop heel fissures once coupled with any of the above external conditions. It is also found to be true that a person with a drier skin foundation tends to be more prone to skin problems and diseases.

The remedy to cracked heels can be as simple as some proper care and maintenance efforts.

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Cracked Heels Cannot Bother You Anymore

Before you can find the most effective way of treating cracked heels, you bought to know some of the facts behind it first. It is a common concern that cracked heels are very painful and unattractive, and if you are a person who loves wearing different kinds of shoes, the condition can also be frustrating. It can hinder you from wearing those cute sling backs and sandals that people are wearing because of the weather. You will be bound to closed shoes because they hide the problem. However, that does not make the problem go away. In fact, ignoring or hiding the problem just makes it worse.

Did you know that cracked boots are caused by excessive dry skin? Ultimately, dryness is caused by lack of moisture, which can be due to the change in weather. Those who live in a reliably dry climate will experience a heightened pain during the winter season, and vice versa. If you are walking around barefoot and unprotected, you are also aggravating the problem.

And no, moisturizers are not enough to solve dry feet and cracked heels. This is because moisturizing creams can not penetrate through the dead skin cells that have accumulated. These dry, dead, and thick skin cells on your feet are hindering treatment. So if you really want to get rid of the problem, you need to remove these first. That can be done with the use of foot scrubs and other treatments that help soften the dead skin cells and eventually remove them.

Other than dryness, cracked heels may also be caused by health problems. If you think that your family has a severe health condition, ask your doctor if that can be the reason why your feet are excessively dry and cracked. Diabetes is one condition that can affect your feet.

To combat dry and cracked feet, there are different treatments available depending on the cause of your problem. If you are diabetic, heel balms that are safe for diabetic skins can be used. Callus reducers are also great when it comes to scrapping away the accumulated dead skin cells on your heels. Once they are removed, you can easily treat your skin and prevent future skin problems. There are also diamond files that are notorious when it comes to scrubbing dead skin cells away.

On top of all that, there are also foot creams that you can use to combat the problem and see results in no time.

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Remove Corns on Toes and Calluses the Natural Way

Corns and calluses are not symptoms of a skin disease. They form after the feet were subjected to repeated pressure due to abnormal gait, deformities on the toes, protruding bones and wearing of ill-fitting footwear. Usually, they do not pose risks to health, but if you are diabetic or just feel uncomfortable having them there are ways to remove corns on to and calluses safely and effectively without going to a podiatrist.

Castor Oil

Apply a small amount of Castor oil on your feet before going to sleep at night. Wear socks after applying the oil to avoid staining the bed sheets. In the morning brush your feet using a soft brush to slowly peel off the softened corn and calluses. Repeat the procedure until you have successfully removed corns on toes and calluses on the pads of your feet.


In a small basin pour warm water and add two table spoons of Epsom salt. Soak your feet in the basin and relax. The warm water and salt will gently soften the corn and calluses.


Do not use medicated corn and callus patches because most of them contain exceptionally strong chemicals that might penetrate even to the parts of your feet that do not have corns and calluses. If you are diabetic, it can be extremely dangerous because it might lead to foot ulcers. Instead, just soak a cotton cloth in any kind of vinegar; apply it over the callus or corn, wrap your feet in a plastic cling wrap to hold the cloth in place. Leave it on for few hours or overnight. Repeat the procedure, every night until the vinegar will slough off your corn and calluses.

Pumice Stone

Pumice stone is remarkably effective in trimming off corn and calluses if you do it every day. Diabetics are discouraged from using pumice.

Garlic Foot Cream

Make garlic cream that will remove corn on to and calluses by using 10 garlic cloves, 2 tablespoons lemon juice and one tablespoon dried chamomile. Make a paste out of the three ingredients using a mortar and pestle or food processor. Generously apply the cream on your corn and calluses at least twice a day. It will smell a little awful, but it works.

If these homeopathic remedies will not work, it is best to see podiatrist to have your corn and calluses treated. Please do not attempt to do a bathroom operation to remove your corn on toes and calluses because it might lead to infection.

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Treatment For Corns and Calluses: Safe and Effective Home Remedies

Corns on toes and calls can be a big problem most especially if they begin to cause pain when you are walking. There are soft corn and hard corns. The soft ones form in between the soft parts of the toes and the hard ones form on top of the bony part of the toes. Here are safe and effective treatment for corn and calluses at home.

Petroleum Jelly

Every night moisturize your feet by applying petroleum jelly generously. Put on cotton socks and the next day wash your feet using lukewarm water and lather it with moisturizing bath soap. Scrub off calls and corn using a pumice stone.


Crush 8 aspirin tablets into powder, mix in 2 teaspoons of lemon juice. Apply the aspirin cream on your corns on toes and calluses liberally. Wrap your feet using a plastic clinging wrap. Use a warm towel and wrap it around your feet; after 20 minutes remove the towel and plastic wrap. Scrub your feet using a soft brush or a pumice stone.

Foot Bath

In a basin with warm water, put chamomile tea bag and your favorite liquid soap; soak your feet for 15 minutes and slowly slough the softened corn and calluses using a brush with soft bristles or a pumice stone. After washing the feet, apply moisturizer or lotion. Please do not apply lotion in between the toes because it might trigger fungal infections on your feet.


Wear shoes that fit well and comfortable to use. Ill fitting shoes will cause a lot of friction on your feet and cause calluses and corners to form. If possible wear flat shoes and use foot patches that are non-medicated to protect your feet. Cut toe nails correctly. Wear socks that fit well.Very tight or loose socks can cause calluses and corners to form.

Sometimes corn and calluses are caused by deformities of the toes (hammer toes, club feet, flat feet) or protruding bones on the feet. Try using toe separators and spreaders. If it will not help improve the problem, you need to see a podiatrist so that the real cause of the problem will be addressed. For protruding bones on the feet, the doctor might recommend surgery (soft tissue corrections, digital arthrodesis and digital arthroplasty) to correct the problem. You can also consider using orthopedic shoes. Usually medical insurers will cover orthopedic shoes when medically necessary.

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Corns on Toes – An Overview

Corns are the result of dead skin that has thickened and hardened over time. Like calluses, they form naturally to protect and shield the skin from pressure, friction, and injury. They usually appear to be grayish or yellowish in color. They can be bumpy and much less sensitive to touch than the surrounding skin. While small corn and calluses on the feet of an active person are normal, they can sometimes increase in size to the point of causing pain.

Corns on the toes generally grow where toes rub together or against the sides of shoes. They have an inner core that can either be soft or hard. Commonly appearing between the fourth and fifth toes are soft corn, whereas hard corn can cover the bony area of ​​a toe. You do not have to worry about corns being caused by viruses or being contagious. When repeated pressure and friction is placed on any area of ​​the skin, the skin reacts by dyeing and forming a hard protective surface. The only difference between soft and hard corn is that soft corn develop in areas where moisture gets trapped and softens the dead skin.

Outer pressure to the skin of the feet usually comes from footwear. Some examples are tight shoes that squeeze the foot and high heel shoes that compress the front part of the foot. Also, shoes that are too loose allow the foot to slide around and rub against the shoe uncomfortably. Shoes with very thin soles do little to protect the ball of the foot and toes from the pressure of walking. Weaving sandals and even shoes without socks also causes friction to the skin. Sometimes your foot may rub against a stitch or a seam inside your shoe. Large and loose socks that bundle up inside your shoes can also needlessly cause rubbing.

There are other issues that could have been involved in the development of corn on ones. Rheumatoid arthritis can cause the bones in the foot to shift abnormally and lead to those bones developing hardening skin as they rub against footwear. Other abnormalities such as bunions or hammer, mallet, and claw toes can also develop corns. Repeated pressure to certain areas of the feet and toes can be due to sports. An example of this would be a callus on the bottom of a runner's foot. Having an abnormal gait, flat feet, or a bone spur can also lead to corns showing up.

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Corns on Toes Can Be Easily Treated

As reliable as we need our feet to be, do we give them the care and attention they deserve? Our feet carry us to all the important events of our lives and we depend on them to earn our lives, among other things. The average person walks about 65,000 miles during their lifetime, which equals to a lot of wear and tear on our feet and toes. A very common foot problem is the development of corns and calluses. These are basically areas of thickening skin caused by friction. If left untreated, they can become very uncomfortable and even painful.

Corns are round areas of thickened skin that develop due to pressure on the feet and toes. As they grow and deepen they can press into the undering tissue and cause pain. There are two types of corns. Hard corns can be contributed to ill-fitting shoes and can look similar to horn like growths on top of the toes and on the outer edges of the feet. Soft corn usually show up between the toes. Moisture and sweating is what keeps them softened.

Foot calluses are a little different than corn in that they spread over a wider area of ​​the feet. They usually do not have the distinct edges that corns do. Oftentimes they show up on the heels and on the area just behind the toes underneath. This is because those are the places of the foot that hold the most weight. These calluses are usually not painful but they can become dry and cracked and even bleed if left untreated.

A very simple at home treatment involves soaking your feet for about twenty minutes and then following that by using a pumice stone or a foot rasp to gently scrape off the hardening skin. When you are finished, dry off your feet and apply a generous amount of a rich foot cream. To keep the skin smooth and supple you can wear a short sock after you moisturize. You may not want to bother with the manual work of a stone or file. Consider investing in an electronic callus remover and swiftly scrape the hardened skin away in no time.

There are successful ways to remove corns on toes and foot calluses from home. You can easily buy everything you need to do this from online sites. You can find a wide range of corn removing products, from liquids to lotions. You may also want to research manual callus removers, foot rasps, and electric corn removers to find out which option is best for you.

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How to Remove Corns Effectively

Not only are corn on toes and feet unsightly, they can oftentimes be painful. Corns are made up of hardened dead skin that builds up over time. This is actually one of the body's own natural defense mechanisms to help prevent any further damage from to the skin. They are usually very visible based on their shape and overall lighter color. Ill-fitting shoes that cause friction from rubbing are most often to blame for the development of both hard and soft corns.

One method of dealing with corn on on and feet is to regularly use a pumice stone. First, soak your feet in warm water to soften them. You may want to add some bath oil or moisturizing soap. Fully submerse your pumice stone in water. You will notice that the porous nature of the stone allows it to fully absorb the water. Make sure you are using plenty of water so you do not irritate the skin. Exfoliating with a pumice stone can be done daily until you get the results you want.

Another option to remove corns on toes is to use corn pads. Typically these are donated foam pads that adhere to the affected areas and shield them from further friction and unwanted rubbing. Corn pads are non-medicated and easy to use. They purpose of using them every day is to prevent further aggravation to the existing corn. Corn pads are similar to band aid applications. Make sure you follow the directions on the package. You can combine the use of corn pads with a pumice stone routine as well.

One other way to remove corn is to use topical acids such as salicylic acid. These are readily available over the counter but can also be prescribed by a physician. It's a good idea to check with your doctor to find out if you really need this form of treatment. A doctor may also feel it necessary to prescribe a safer and more effective topical acid.

If all at home self care treatments fail to show results and provide relief, a visit to the doctor may be necessary. They can shave off stubborn corn with a scalpel in a controlled environment. In very different cases corns on toes can become so thick and hard that the movement of the toe is constricted. If the tissue around the bones of the toes becomes so stiff, the solution may be surgery.

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Electric Callus Remover Aids in the Removal of Corns on Toes

Many people have unfortunately been running around on ill-fitting shoes for so long that they have developed uncomfortable and even painful corn on their feet. With a little patience and persistence they are not that difficult to get rid of. They are even easier to prevent. You can find a number of commercial removers and even try a few natural remedies that may prove successful in removing corns.

A basic liquid callus remover that contains salicylic acid can prove effective in dissolving stubborn corn and calluses. There are also specially made remover pads that allow you to target the specific area and wear away the unwanted corn. Some companies sell a razor type remover that can help you see results faster than a pumice stone would. If you feel it would be advantageous to invest in a remover that is a little more high tech you might consider buying an electronic device such as the Bario electric callus remover.

Some brave souls have even landed to cut off their corn themselves. If you choose to go this route here are a few helpful tips. Try taking a warm bath or shower or even soak your feet ahead of time. This prepares the area for removal by loosing and softening the tissue. You can then take a razor and remove the unwanted tissue. Care must be taken using this method as it is very dangerous and an extremely steady hand is required.

Soaking your feet and corn in apple cider vinegar can also contribute to minimizing the size of corn and preventing them from growing. You can soak a piece of fabric in the liquid and wrap the affected area. Follow this by wrapping the area further with plastic wrap and wear this overnight. This method may take longer to show results but it is safer than cutting the corn off manually and it takes minimal effort since the process takes place while you sleep. A few other ingredients to soak your feet in are Epsom salt, lemon juice, dried chamomile, and crushed garlic. Adding these mixtures to a bubbling foot spa can help you relax while you soothe away those unsightly corns.

Preventing corns is much easier than treating them. Some good advice is to choose well fitting and comfortable shoes. Your every day shoes should not have painful pressure points as that can many times contribute to the development of corns. You may want to invest in a more comfortable pair of shoes if you find your feet are sore and in pain at the end of the day. Save those high fashion stilettos only for those special occasions. You can also add a good foot moisturizer to your daily personal care routine. Try incorporating a weekly pumice stone session as well to keep your feet clear of hardening areas.

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Types of Treatment for Corns on Toes

Pain stems from the pressure corns can put on the undering skin. For severe corns on toes that continue to recur, it may be best to visit a podiatrist, a doctor who specializes in the area of ​​the feet. A doctor can recommend the best course of treatment for corn on ones. A medical office is the safest place to actually cut corns off the feet, especially if you are elderly, have diabetes or circulatory disease.

Podiatrists are able to safely pare away the corn with a surgical scalpel and provide relief for the patient. Several sessions may be needed and the patient will be counseled on how to prevent the corners from reappearing. One suggestion would be to wear correctly fitting footwear. Your podiatrist can recommend the best types of shoes to wear and let you know whenever you need special insoles or padding. If the corns begin to reappear, a self care course of treatment for corn on on can help slow their growth.

Regularly soak your feet for about twenty minutes to soften the affected spots. You can then manually remove the hardened skin with a pumice stone, or special callous rasp. If you feel you need a more effective method of removal you can invest in an electric callus remover. These devices typically use a rotational movement to swiftly wear down the hardened skin.

Another way to keep corn on toes at bay is to treat them with over the counter liquids. These contain salicylic acid which helps break down the keratin in the skin. The thickened skin of the corn will be removed over time using this type of treatment. These liquid corn removers have to be applied twice a day and can take up to twelve weeks to work. Be careful to never use these treatments on inflamed or broken skin. They can also cause extreme dryness so watch for cracking skin that could become infected. Those with diabetes, circulatory disease, or allergies to aspirin or NSAIDS should not use salicylic acid.

Along with treatment for corn on on steps, steps can be taken to minimize the development of corns. Shoes should be the correct size. Anything too tight or overly loose can cause stress and pressure to certain areas of the feet and contribute to the skin hardening. After each type of treatment, whether it is scraping off the corn or using salicylic acid to wear it down, you should always follow up with a good foot moisturizing cream. Always make sure your feet are clean, dry, and well moisturized to promote soft, supple skin.

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Chronic Ankle Instability – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options


Chronic Ankle Instability is a condition that causes inactivity and pain in the ankle. This condition can be described as ankle instabilitybecause it is basically loss of movement. In ankle instability condition your leg joints are incapable of two functions movement and balance of position. The ankle instability is generally caused by recurrent sprains that persist because the healing process of your injury is incomplete. Your leg muscles and nerves are connected and interrelated that stretch and fray due to unattended injuries.

Ankle Instability leads to discontinuance of various physical activities like walking, running, standing and playing of any sport . This disability is very serious because without the ability to walk – your life may come to a standstill. You may not be able to do the daily chores let alone the inability to earn a living.

Thanks to Foot specialists this condition can be treated with successful results. Chronic ankle instability is usually of temporary nature but it could turn into a disability of permanent or consistent nature, if proper care is not taken. It means that the disability can become chronic, if the foot condition deteriorates and results in further complications. Ankle instability is common in sports athletes but its occurrence is also not mentioned in the general public.

How does my leg function?

We all know that we use legs to walk, run, and jump or for any kind of mobility. Just like there are sensory cells in our brains to propel an action like hand movement, there are sensory functions inside our leg that detect movement and understand balance.

How do I understand balance? – Proprioception

The Proprioception function is responsible for the balancing act and it actually determines the position of your leg joints in space.

How do I determine sense of movement? – Kinesthesia

The Kinesthesia function takes care of your leg joint movements.

These two functions are interrelated / interdependent and they are associated with the Mechanoreceptors. The appropriate functioning of Mechanoreceptors is required for developing a synergy of the muscles and nerves to determine movement and balance.

We can infer from the above, that the functioning of the joints is a cohesive system and the disruption of any part of the system causes pain, sprain, and swelling. Now, if we ignore this pain, sprain, numbness and swelling in the ankle the instability further developments and turns into chronic instability. Here it is absolutely necessary to pursue one of the suitable Non-surgical procedures to prevent further worsening of your leg mobility and balance functions. Avoidance of both internal and external injuries may lead to Chronic Ankle Instability.


Chronic Ankle disability may be diagnosed by the following common symptoms:

  1. Swelling of the ankle
  2. Acute pain,
  3. An increase in the size of arch
  4. Weakness and instability of the foot and ankle
  5. Warmth to the touch

It can be understood that the above symptoms can be apparent to anyone, but a proper diagnosis must be done at the Podiatry clinic. Depending on the severity of the condition the foot doctor recommends one or more treatment options. The treatment options can be of surgical nature in very rare cases and mostly fall under the Non-surgical category. Thus the recovery period may vary accordingly.

Surgical Procedures

Surgical procedures are considered in extreme cases when the disability is chronic or persistent. Before making the decision to opt for surgery, the Podiatrists implement all possible non-surgical procedures. The patients who go through surgery have torn ligaments that cause loosing of the ankle joints and complete malfunction of the leg movement activity.

Ankle joint instability can be determined by Physical Examination as well as X-ray Tests ;

Physical examination

The Podiatrist can determine ankle instability by a thorough comparison of the injured ankle with the healthy ankle. The difference in intensity of the ligaments suggests the level of ankle instability.

X-ray tests

When physical examination is not enough to diagnose whether the ankle is unstable or not, Foot doctors may recommend the patient to go for an X-ray test.

Non-Surgical Procedures


This procedure simply means keeping your bones stagnant / immobile. Stability of bones is required in the healing process of internal and external swelling. Foot doctors use splints or casts to hold the bones together while the natural healing happens. Splints and Casts can be custom-made / ready-made; the foot specialist decides whether to use a splint or a cast.


Medication is used to reduce the pain and burning sensation due to leg injury. It works internally and naturally helps healing by keeping you calm.

Physical therapy

Physical therapy is used to reduce the symptoms like pain and swelling. Post therapy the foot specialist recommends exercises that are necessary to regain the tissue strength.


Brace is a podiatric device that supports your leg joints and allows painless movement. Bracing is done when a patient can not opt ​​surgical treatment option either because it's unaffordable or useless.


We should conclude that although finest treatments are available for the ankle instability disorder – Prevention is always better than Cure.

I would suggest a few common sense precautions to prevent this disorder –

  1. Always wear comfortable shoes.
  2. If you are an adventure sports lover like a rock climber, please learn the adventure sport thoroughly before playing it. Needless to say, take all the safety measures.
  3. Do not sit, stand and sleep in uncomfortable positions. Take extra space so you can sleep or sit comfortably.
  4. Please climb up and down the building or any staircase carefully. Do not move in a reckless way anywhere.
  5. Remember – Accidents can be a result of a precaution not taken!
  6. Most safety measures are common sense!
  7. Always consult the doctor for any discomfort or minute pain in the leg.
  8. Untreated Minor injuries can turn into Major disorders!

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10 Ways To Relieve The Pain Of Bunions

Do you constantly experience painful sensations on your big toe? Does it seem like your big toe is starting to lean over your other toes and that a big bump on its side is forming? Then you may be having a bunion. A bunion is another common foot deformity that occurs due to lack of feet care. Once you have confirmed that a bunion has formed on your toe, here are 10 ways to relieve the pain of bunions.

1. Foot soak Soaking your feet in warm water will help you cope with the pain associated with the bunion. You can just boil some water and add herbs or Epsom salt, then submerge your feet in this solution for about 10 minutes.

2. Cold compress Aside from heat, the cold can also give you temporary pain relief. Whenever your bunion aches, simply get an ice pack and hold it against the bunion until the pain subsides.

3. Comfort shoes The most common cause of bunion is poor-fitting pair of shoes. To alleviate the pain that you feel, you should avoid wearing high-heeled or tight shoes. Instead, get shoes that bring your feet extra comfort. There are many special medical shoes available in the market like Morton's Neuroma shoes. You can also wear insoles to help remove the pressure that your feet receive.

4. Bunion braces and splints When you're at home, you can try wearing corrective bunion braces or splints. This will help straighten your toe and reduce the size of the bunion.

5. Bunion shield and padding Bunion shield and padding are products that are specifically designed to protect the bunion joint. Whenever you wear shoes, a bunion shield or padding will prevent the shoe rubber from rubbing with your bunion, making it less painful.

6. Aspirin and other medicines There are medicines, like aspirin, that you can buy on the local pharmacy to help ease the bunion pain. You may need to ask for a medical prescription from the doctor first before you can buy these medicines.

7. Bunion ointment and cream Aside from oral medicines, you can also use bunion ointment or cream to alleviate the bunion pain. These products can usually be bought over-the-counter so just ask your pharmacist about the best bunion ointment or cream that they have.

8. Foot spa Getting a relaxing foot spa can help reduce the stress that your feet receive. The massage can also help to reduce the pain that you feel because of the bunion. You can simply visit your local day spa and pay for a soothing foot spa.

9. Foot therapy Some podiatrists administrator therapy that will help cure your bunion. Just go to a podiatrist and ask about the different food therapies that you can take in order to cope with your bunion.

10. Surgery If you were not able to treat your bunion right away, it might need to be permanently removed through a surgical process. Schedule an appointment with a doctor and ask what surgical methods you can undergo in order for you to get rid of bunion for good.

If you do not want to experience having deformities on your feet, you must take good care of them. Your pair of feet is one of the most used and strained parts of your body so give proper attention to your feet to keep it safe from deformities and diseases.

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Hammer Toe – 5 Treatments and Cures

Our feet carry the burden of our weight each and every day, so you can just imagine how exhausted and strained the feet can be. That is why those precious couple of yours should be taken good care of, because failure to do so can lead to many deformities and feet problems – and one common foot deformity that a lot of people face nowdays is hammer toe.

Hammer toe is a deformity that occurs on the toes of your feet, particularly the second toe. This is usually characterized by bending of the toe joints so that it resembles a hammer. Painful corn and calluses can also appear alongside this deformity. Although it is just a mild foot problem, it can become worse over time if not treated. If you have a hammer toe, do not wait until it gets serious, try these 5 treatment and cures for hammer toes.

1. Feet exercise

The feet also need to be worked out. To avoid it from getting too strained, you should at least stretch out your feet and toes every morning when you wake up. This will help warm the feet up so they can be more tolerant to the pressure that the feet will receive the whole day.

Whenever your feet become sore, you can just stretch and rotate them so that your nerves and muscles will become more relaxed.

2. Corrective footwear

The main reason for foot deformities like hammer toe is a poor-fitting pair of footwear. If you want to treat this foot problem, and to prevent your feet from future problems as well, you should invest in the right pair of shoes for your feet. There are some special corrective footwear, like Morton's Neuroma shoes, that health professionals recommend in order to avoid feet problems.

Moreover, refrain from wearing high-heeled and tight shoes. If you need to wear them, always keep a pair of comfortable shoes with you so that you can change if your feet start to ache.

3. Foot straps, cushions and padding

Wearing orthopedic devices can help in reducing the pain and inflammation caused by hammer toe. There are foot straps, cushions and padding that you can readily buy on the market. These medical devices will help correct your feet deformity and make them comfortable during the treatment period.

4. Quick pain relief

If your feet is aching, you can take medications or do some home treatments to treat the pain that you feel. You can ask the local pharmacy about the medicines that you can take to reduce the soreness of your feet. At home, when your feet is stinging, you can simply place an ice pack on your feet and let the cool temperature soothe your feet. Note that these remedies do not really treat the hammer toe. They just sincerely aid in giving you quick pain relief.

5. Surgery

Serious hammer toe problems may require surgery. If you have enough money for surgery, then you can opt to undergo some surgical procedures to have your hammer toe corrected. You can just contact your doctor and set up an appointment with him to discuss about your foot problem.

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Home Remedies for Swollen Ankles – Remedies That Will Give You Quick Results

It is often very good when an individual has good or adequate knowledge concerning home remedies for swollen ankles. This is very necessary and as such should always be paid heed to. Swollen ankles is one such issue which is very disgusting and can of course being disturbing too when care is not taken. It is due to issues like these that major will often try as much as possible to possess good knowledge that. So far it has been noted to yield good results for all those who have put this into practice and since it should be encouraged all the time.

Swollen ankles, feet and legs often referred to medically as edema usually occurs when fluid is retained in the spaces between body cells. Some home remedy for ankle swapping may take the following processes. First of all the ankle should be lifted so that the leg is straight in front as this is very necessary and as such should be done. An ice pack or ice in a plastic bag wrapped in a clean dish towel can then be applied to the raised ankle. Another effective ways you can take care of the swilling is through is through the application of a cold pack such as crushed ice, bag of frozen peas or a cold gel pack. Leave it for 20 minutes. Cold slows down blood circulation to an injury, thereby reducing swelling. The cold pack should be wrapped in a dishcloth so that it does not contact the skin directly. Immediately the pack warms up, refreeze it and reapply it later.

Again vinegar can also be used and this is also very necessary and as such should always be done especially during this period. It is often done by heating equal amounts of vinegar and water. A towel can then be soaked in a mixture, which is then wringed out and wrapped around the foot. It can be left wrapped for five minutes. Equal parts vinegar and cold water can then be mixed. This entire sequence is then repeated three times. Cucumber is also another great cure for swollen feet. A slice of cucumber can be placed on the feet and covered with a cotton cloth or bandage. Cucumber has the ability of absorbing the fluid and also speeding recovery.

Lecithin seeds are yet another effective home remedy for the treatment of swelling of feet during pregnancy. Usually a tablespoon of about 3-4 is taken every day for about2-3 month. This is noted to have a magical effect and also manifests good results within 2-3 months. Including sleeping or resting in one direction of the body and keeping the legs raised using soft cushion also reduces swelling of feet. This course has been practiced by many people and as such should be noted by all those who wish to put it to practice.

Furthermore, vitamin E-rich foods are noted to be very good for patients suffering from sharing of feet during pregnancy. Some of the vitamin E-rich foods include almond oil, sweet potato, spinach, sunflower seeds and wheat germs. All these remedies are very effective and provided every thing is appropriately done, wonderful results will always manifests.

Apply a cold pack to control the swelling, such as crushed ice in a plastic bag, a cold gel pack, or a bag of frozen peas or green beans.

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