Browsing: Foot Health

How Your Shoes And Orthotics Are Weakening Your Arches

If you are like most people, you probably have weak feet and ankles, but you do not know it. This occurs for two reasons. This article will cover only one of the reasons and the other will be explained in another article. People have a hard time accepting the idea that they could have week feet and ankles. However, the reason and the concept is simple. It is called disuse atrophy. If you have not heard of it, let me explain:

Imagine you broke your arm and had a cast put on it for proper bone healing. This cast will be on for many weeks and does not allow your arm to move. Let's imagine that while your arm is in the cast you go to the gym and lift the weights. Perhaps your shoulders and forearms get stronger over that time period. However, when the cast is removed from your arm, the end result at your elbow joint is always the same. The muscles associated with moving the elbow joint will be atrophied and weaker. This concept applies to any joint or joints in the body. Assuming you are smart and would like to avoid injury, you would not over-exercise with your arms right after having a cast removed.

What does this have to do with your feet? Well, your feet are designed as dynamic structures. That means that your feet are designed to move, be pliable, and adapt to your environment. Your toes need to be able to bend and your arches need to be able to compress and expand like a spring. The arches are not meant to be immobilized. Instead of being used as dynamic structures, feet are asked to mold around the shape of the shoe they are in.

The vast majority of shoe designs are very rigid, including sneakers. This means that regardless of how much cushioning they may have, shoes will immobilize feet similar to being in a cast. Shoes are not quite as rigid as a cast and people spend some time out of their shoes, so the effect is not as fast or as obvious. Casts are temporary but people often spend a good portion of their lives in shoes. It does not matter how much you exercise or run. If you exercise in shoes that immobilize your feet, then the end result is the same – disuse atrophy.

Orhotics immobilize feet even more. Over a long period of time, the resulting weakness in the feet leads to a compromise in the integrity of the structures of the foot. This means that historically feet can become so weak, that they are no longer capable of maintaining their structure. This sometimes shows up as dropped arches or flat feet among other ways. Unfortunately, the current answer for this is to immobilize feet even more by inserting orthotics that lift the arches higher. This just makes the problem worse and a cycle is started.

Often the more rigid a shoe is, the more it is considered a “good” shoe. This is wrong, because it leads to disuse atrophy. This does a disservice to everyone, especially professional athletes and runners. We like to blame concrete, but concrete is not the problem. Your feet and ankles are the base that interfaces with the ground. Would not you want them to be as strong and as pliable as possible? The best thing you can do for your feet is kick off your shoes and do some activities barefoot. Allow your feet to be dynamic and restore some of the natural pliability to your feet.

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Are You Hurting Yourself With Each Step You Take?

Let's face it, you walk and run wrong (if you run). I do not say this to be critical of you. It's not your fault, most people never give any thought to their form as they walk or run on a daily basis. The truth is that with thick padding under our heads, we never learned to ambition correctly. Every time your heel strikes down with every step, you send a terrible shock through your body. It may not cause you direct pain, but chances are it very well could be hurting you and damaging your joints. There is currently not enough research showing this but you can do simple experiments and decide from there. Let's look at how you are designed to absorb shock.

One way you can see how you are designed to absorb shock is by using your body the way it is meant to be used – barefoot. Now that you have kicked off your shoes. I want you to stand up preferably on a hard surface. Next I want you to jump up in the air. No big deal, right? There's many things your body does to absorb the impact and not all of it takes place at your feet. If you land correctly, you likely landed on the balls of your feet and then your boots came down. When you land on the balls of your feet, the arches of your feet compress to absorb the impact as your boots come down and then subsequently decompress to spring you. Your calves contract as your heels come down to the floor putting tension on your achilles tendon. Simultaneously your quadriceps contract putting tension on your patellar tendons as your knees bend further to absorb the impact. In addition to this your hips should be bent. The higher you jump or the harder the surface, the more exaggerated this position is. You may look like you are in a slight squatting position at the end of this. From this position, your body could use the potential energy it has built up in the arches and tendons due to their elasticity and with less effort, propel you to another jump. Although this is description is not complete, this is the big picture of what takes place during jumping rope or running in place. There is a rhythm one that can get into that is more effortless. Whether you jump forward, back or to the side, you always land this way. This way of absorbing shock is what should also take place when you walk or run.

Now let's consider the alternative. If you are like most, the next experiment is how you are using your body to absorb shock when you heel strike as you walk or run. Many runners are convinced that using this method of shock absorption is correct and are unwilling to change unless there is hard evidence showing it is harmful. So now try this – jump up in the air like you did before, but now land on your heels. Does the idea of ​​doing this make you nervous? It should. Do you realize that even psychologically you are hard wired not to heel strike? Your brain is giving you a signal that landing this way is dangerous. Now, let's imagine you are willing to jump up an inch and land on your boots. Let's look at what has to happen. For one, landing like this is very difficult. You have to make an effort to land like this but the adjustments you have to make are consistent with what is commonly done by heel strikers.

In order to land on your boots, you must shift your feet forward a little bit and bend your feet back. In essence this is locking out the ankle joints. Another important adjustment is that in order to land on your boots, you must straighten your knee locking out your knee joints. What this looks like is a leg that is completely straightened out in front with your foot bent back. This is how your leg looks when you are walking or running if you are heel-striking. So by landing like this, you are preventing the arches of your feet, your calves, your knees and even your hips from absorbing any of the impact. It may feel more stable with padding under your boots but it is not. The muscles and tendons do not play a significant role in absorbing the shock. Instead you may feel your bones starting at your heel jarred all the way up your body even into your head. The interosseous membrane that helps to transfer weight from the tibia to the fibula, is jarred as well in an unnatural way. Constantly doing this could be a reason for shin splints. Your center of balance is also shifted into a less stable position. Once again, this is the big picture and does not cover every detail about how the body is unable to adapt to the shock. Now this is only jumping up an inch or less. Many have vertical leaps much higher than this and I would not recommend anyone jump up as high as they can and land on their heels. This could be damaging.

Using my body's shock absorption mechanisms correctly, I can repeatly jump up in the air as high as I possibly can without damaging my joints. This is true regardless of the surface. Yes, that includes concrete. Jumping forward does not change how I land. I will still never land on my boots without something goes wrong. So the padding under your boots has dampened down your anxiety about landing on your heels and taught you to walk or run incorrectly. The padding has blocked the pain you may feel from heel striking if you did not have it, but it does not block the impact. Why? Because your joints are still locked out unable to adapt to the shock of the impact. It's hard for me to think of many, if any, scenarios when locking out your joints is preferred to maintaining some flexibility in your joints. Ask any martial artist how often it is a good idea to lock out your joints. What if you are jumping rope and landing on your heels repeatedly sending shock waves through your joints in your knees and hips? You will likely be injured regardless of whether you are doing it on concrete or grass. We blame concrete when we should be blaming ourselves for using our bodies in a way it is not designed to be used. It's time we tune back in and start listening to our bodies. The evidence that heel-striking is incorrect is there. Are you willing to listen?

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Chronic Female Foot Pain Likely A Result of High Heel Wearing

A study conducted by the American Pediatric Medical Association revealed that nearly half of all women (49 percent) wear high heels. However, the vast majority- a whopping 71 percent complain these shoes hurt their feet.

With the old adage, “beauty is pain,” seeming to prove that persistent discomfort will not dissuade most women from buying those sky high stilettos. In fact on average women typically own as many as nine pairs. With 38 percent of those stylishly minded women saying when their shoes hurt their feet they will continue to wear them anyway.

It's not surprising that this is why only two percent of women say they wear high heels every day, and a small percentage more, five, wear high heels- five days a week. Women typically wear them when going to work on their stylish nighttime recreation and leisure activities.

Wearing high heels should be worn in moderation because everyday use can cause the Achilles tendon, the strong tendon at the back of your ankle, to shrink. This in turn raises your risk of an injury while doing activities in flat shoes, including exercise. The height of the heel also plays an important role in preventing foot pain. Almost half of women say they can withstanding wearing heels that are 3 “or higher, but podiatrists say they should not go higher than two inches. foot and the toes.

Incorporating a variety of products that cushion and provide relief from foot ailments that may be caused or exacerbated from high heels is a smart and comfortable move. Foot Pain can be minimized with the insertion of soft arch insoles specifically designed for high heeled shoes. Gel heel liners and gel ins insoles for metatarsalgia are also popular items that our team of specialists recommend to foot pain sufferers.

Several high heels bearing most of the brunt for the cause of foot pain, affecting 71 percent of wearers, women said other types of footwear including barefoot running shoes (27 percent), boots (26 percent), flats (23 percent), and flip flops (23 percent) also caused discomfort. Foot specialists and pain management experts reveal an assortment of products for some of these shoes which include the following: Achilles tendon protectors, the softpad for split toe sandal and gel cushion forefoot cap and heel protectors for all the shoes in your closet.

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What Are The Most Common Sports Injuries In Legs And Feet?

Are you an aspiring athlete? If your answer is ” yes “, then you are up for a tough task. As a normal body is unstable of taking heavy stress, you have to work out a lot to get into the right shape. But there is also a problem, and it's very important that you understand it really well.

Every athlete ties heavily on his or her legs and feet. This is the reason an athlete's legs and feet should stay in a good and healthy condition. However, the excessive stress due to rigid workout sessions makes it difficult for them to look after their legs and feet. And therefore, sports injuries become particularly common in these body parts.

If you are an aspirating athlete, then it is vital for you to know about the most common sports injuries that can happen to your legs and feet. Prior knowledge will help you stay alert, and perhaps, avert an unnecessary accident from taking place. Here is the list of the common injuries:

# 1. Runner's Knee

This is a term doctors use when an athlete is suffering from multiple disorders of pain around the kneecap. This injury normally takes place to athletes who take part in knee-bending activities like biking, running, jogging and walking. While there are many causes behind this injury, the most usual ones are overpronation, misalignment of bones, and overuse of the knee.

# 2. Stress Fracture

This fracture occurs in bones when there is a repetitive application of force. It mostly happens when there is a sudden increase of an exercise's intensity. The most common exercise that causes stress fracture is running.

# 3. Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprain is one such injury that almost everyone has to face at least once in a lifetime. It is more likely to happen to athletes as they exercise for many hours in a day. It happens when ankle ligaments get torn or stretched due to a sudden change in movement. As a result, this teething or stretching causes intense pain.

# 4. Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendon binds the heel to the calf muscle. This tendon gets inflamed in cases of great stress received from activities like jumping and running. This inflammation may also happen if an athlete is running with tight calves.

# 5. Iliotibial Band Syndrome

It deals with pain that occurs on the outer surface of the knee due to heavy exercise. The IT band, on the upper region of the thigh, gets inflamed mainly because of increasing the running length too fast and exercising with the wrong shoes.

If you are an aspiring athlete, then you will surely come across these injuries in the future. Therefore, you always need to stay in touch with podiatrists. And it is a smart move if you download the podiatry EHR software on your Smartphone or Tablet so that you can easily keep a tab on the improvements.This software is easy to update and is extremely efficient in providing accurate results too. So go ahead, take proper precautions and become a great athlete.

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9 Ways Diabetic Foot Ulcers Are So Bad

Diabetic foot ulcers are one of those things that affect a large proportion of diabetics and in fact, 80% of all diabetic foot ulcers could have been injected.

Here are “9 whys” diabetic foot ulcers are so bad:

1. Patients tend not to initially feel them and this allows the ulcer to grow (wider and deer rather than the ulcer actually “growing”) and become complicated

2. If you had no issues then a cut is usually sore and the body has a really good way of treating them. However a diabetic typically has complications that tend to reduce healing

3. Diabetics have a normal reduced immunity

4. In some cases the circulation is poor to allow adequate healing / getting antibiotics to the area

5. Any ulcer can be quick to heal or take a really long time (years with some leg ulcers)

6. Even when the ulcer is healed it will take 2 years to heal the underlining structures. That means that area is fragile for a long period of time and the occurrence of another ulcer on the same site is quite high.

7. The foot is a complicated place to have an ulcer because you need your feet to walk- so any dressing under the foot tends to get squished out. Any rubbing or pressure areas (most of the underside of the foot) will add to reduced circulation. The foot is far away from everything and has small blood vessels going to the toes which can become complicated

8. Foot ulcers especially can go from healing to bad in a very short space of time

9. Bad blood sugar control reduces healing. Infection can also raise blood sugars- as well as stress.

Bonus reason .

Us.

We have an ability to make things worse because we believe that we know better. We wear tight shoes which cause rubbing. We cut off hard skin with razors or knives and we apply products where we have no reason to do so.

I read an “authority” website the other day on what to do when you see an ulceration. Now this website has lots of traffic going to it and many links to it. Their treatment advice? Apply medicated cream and get IV antibiotics … that's it.

The scary thing about it is … no that is not it! Doing so will cause the person to be on antibiotics for years because the diabetic foot ulcer will not heal … period. Applying creams will not heal the ulceration (they are actually quite ineffective anyway).

But the belief in seeing a health profession first appears a remote possibility. Yahoo! Answers are filled with people looking for medical advice on conditions and situations which need professional help asap.

And that is what to do when you do find a diabetic foot ulcer: see a medical professional as soon as you can.

These things deteriorate so quick that you can go from a healthy looking wound one day and a week later surgery is the only option.

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No More Smelly Shoes With The Following Hints And Tips

Have you ever smelt your shoes or feet at the end of a day and found yourself horrified at the odor?

There are plenty of things that can cause this. Perhaps you have a fungal infection or maybe your shoes are worn out or do not allow for enough air passage.

Thankfully, there are lots of things you can do to make sure your shoes do not stink anymore. Let's review some of the better hints and tips.

First, you must remove the smell that is already there by sprinkling some baking soda into your shoes each night.

Also, check your insoles and make sure they are the type that do not collect odors or make your feet sweat. Cedar insoles are classed as the best. Do also make sure that your insoles are unable to move about, as this could make your feet sweat by rubbing them.

If you can, although this is costly, replace the lining of your shoes with silver. Silver is a fantastic anti-microbial agent.

If your shoes are already stinky, freeze them. Washing your shoes will also be beneficial, but only if they are washable. Baby powder on your feet is also very beneficial. This will prevent your feet from sweating and it also reduces the chances of fungal and bacterial infections.

Naturally, excellent personal hygiene is also very important and you should wash your feet every day. What is perhaps even more important is that you also dry them properly.

You should also always wear socks, particularly in closed shoes. You will otherwise start to rub your skin and make your feet smell. You can always choose to wear no show socks if you do not like the look of socks.

Also, when you go out to buy new shoes (or socks), make sure they are made of a high quality material.

Lastly, throw your shoes away if they are totally worn. It will become increasingly difficult to get rid of the smell and more and more bacteria will take up residence in there.

Clearly, smelly shoes should be a thing of the past.

The above hints and tips should help every time, unless you do not have healthy feet. Get checked out by your medical professional and if you do have a fungal or bacterial infection, they will be able to prescribe you something for that.

You may think that these tips are simple common sense, but many people forget to actually do this.

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The Pros and Cons of Surgery for Your Bunions

Many know of the term, bunion, but not everyone knows exactly what a bunion is. It is a bony protrusion on the foot, where the big toe meets the rest of the feet, or simply, at the base of the big toe. Bunions may be caused by several factors including genetics and poor fitting shoes. Regardless of the cause, the pain and even possibly limited mobility make surgery for bunions a consideration for many who suffer from this problem. Like any surgery, there are pros and cons to the surgery, this article will review reasons to have or not have surgery for your bunion.

For many the primary reason to have bunion surgery is to relieve pain. Bunions became painful as the bony protrusion absorbs the weight of the body, due to its location at the bottom joint of the big toe. Again, the location at such a crucial part of the foot means the bunion often receives a great deal of compression and friction from shoes as well. It is not uncommon for the bunion to also suffer from calls due to the friction from shoes. As the pain increases and the big toe begins to further curve inward to the other toes, mobility may decrease or become limited. This is another reason sufferers seek surgery for bunions.

One pro to having the surgery is of course the reduction or elimination of pain due to the bunion. However, there must be realistic expectations that post surgery it is most likely that range of motion may be limited. Along with this, it is important to realize that post surgery the choices in footwear will still be limited. Many find that a return to ill fitting footwear or shoes that do not meet surgeon approval or recommendation may result in the bunion returning or new bunions developing.

Just as there are many reasons to have bunion surgery, there are times that it is not recommended. One of the most common reasons that surgery is not advised is that non surgical measures have not been explored or fully exhausted. Like other conditions, bunions are not only relieved or cured by surgery. Other treatments along with lifestyle changes may help to alleviate pain and maintain mobility and the current level of activity. Health conditions such as poor blood flow, complications due to diabetes, and other concerns may eliminate surgery as a viable option. Be sure to discuss any and all concerns and health considerations with a trusted surgeon before having surgery for bunions.

Although seemingly straightforward, bunion surgery is unique to each patient. Bunions are like other health concerns in that there are medical and textbook definitions but each case is different due to the patient's overall medical history and that specific to the bunion. If surgery for bunions is a topic being contemplated, reviewing pros and cons with a trusted surgeon may help to determine the best course of action. As with any other medical concern, talk with a trusted medical professional before taking any treatment or medical remedy.

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Are You Suffering From Foot and Ankle Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur on the foot or ankle over time due to increased exercise that results in an injury. Small cracks develop in the bones when the muscles of the surrounding areas become weak and fatigued.

The overtired muscles are unable to respond properly and fail to absorb the shocks from continuous impacts. This results in transferring all the stress of impact directly to the bones. Due to this process a small fraction or crack develops in the bone.

Stress fractures in major bones generally occur in areas most affected by walking such as the ankles, feet or lower extremities. Some of the most common areas where stress fractures occur are in long bones between the toes and the center of the foot.

Many patients have reported that due to an increase in their activities like exercise they have developed symptoms related to stress fracture. These activities typically include intestinal running, weight lifting and even mild walking.

Excess stress put on the region like the foot or ankle can result in a crack in the bone. Some of the most common areas where these fractures typically show up are the foot and ankle region of the body.

Stress Breaks in the Foot or Ankle

Too much pressure over a short period of time can result in stress breaks in the area surrounding the foot and ankle. If a person does too much too soon then he or she may face these problems. Runners and athletes have to deal with these fractures quite often.

Improper running shoes can also result in similar issues if the fit is inaccurate. Overly worn shoes and ones which are too stiff can also lead to similar problems. Training errors, mechanical problems and poor quality of the surface are other causes for this problem.

Symptoms of Foot or Ankle Fracture

Pain is one of the most common signs of a stress fracture in the foot or ankle area. Gradually the pain increases and with time the patient feels extremely high pain during weight lifting. When the patient takes a rest the pain automatically subsides.

There is a chance that bruising may occur in the affected area. Swelling may also develop in the outer portion of the ankle or on the top of the foot.

Tenderness to the touch of the affected area is another common symptom of stress fractures. If touched or brushed against the ankle suffers extreme pain. If the affected area is pushed or moved it causes severe pain in the whole foot.

Treatment

The treatment procedure of stress fractures largely depends on the area or the injury site. Minor stress fracture will heal on its own, if activity is minimized and protective wear is worn on the affected area for a few weeks.

Your physiotherapist can recommend protective footwear with extra cushioning or similar devices that will stabilize and brace the injured area. If you're looking for an expert foot and ankle Physio, http://www.physiobodyandsole.com.au/ search online to find the best in your town.

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The Importance of Taking Care of Your Feet

When people say that they hurt themselves while getting up out of a chair, that's because their body did not communicate with their feet. This lack of communication meant that the required muscles were not turned on. The body waited until its first step yet you are already bent over, so it will use whatever it has to move. In this case, it is your lower back. So this is where it's going to get cramped because your quads are going to work and go through. We need to get access to our feet, but we have to wear shoes.

So how do we do that? By being barefoot as much as possible to use what's going on inside each foot. We teach this in the restorative therapy program. One of our first foundations and the first steps that we take, are with bare feet to get them to work.

To get your foot to become more sensitive, you can use a pumice stone. There are different types of pumice stones. The lava rock is a big, hard brick that starts to get the dead skin off. The dead skin is there because your foot is trying to protect itself from the constant impact of the shoes you wear. We have to get you to learn how to scrape that thickness away, so your body can feel. By using a pumice stone, you can actually clean up that dead skin, along with the miscommunication that happens there. This is very important to take off. There are also round pumice stones, but either way, they all work. Do not think of this as a beauty technique, but as a way to feel the ground more. They need to learn how to feel again.

Notice I mentioned the word 'again'. Your feet need to learn how to feel again, because they have been sleep for so long. You have to start waking them up by doing muscular exercises and by getting the skin to start talking with the ground. Feel what's going on and then your body is going to start responding better and better. After the pumice, you're going to feel so much more of the ground. Your body will be able to detect that the feet are moving so it can stretch the required muscles. By making you aware of how thick your shoes are, your feet can approach that minimalist state. This is your first attempt at gaining access to the world through your feet. You need to keep it somewhat active all the time, even though you are using different types of footwear.

I saw a commercial for memory foam in your shoes but all it does is take the pressure away. Your body actually needs that pressure. It needs that feedback from your feet or your ankles will start to roll. So remember, try to get your feet to communicate with your body so your body can feel more and your muscles will stay awake.

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Risk Factors for Bunion Development – Are You at Risk of Developing Bunions?

A bunion is a painful swollen protrusion at the joint connecting the big toe to the foot. It is not simply a bump but rather a more serious foot problem. Pain that is felt is due to the irritation of the soft tissues surrounding the big toe area. If not properly managed, it can get worn over time.

Are you predisposed to having bunions? Find out if you have one or more of the common risk factors.

1. Over pronation of the foot is one of the common reasons for bunion development. Over pronation is when the foot is too far inward for normal function. When a person overpronates, the weight of the body is concentrated towards the midline of the body. Here, the full weight of the body passes through the joint of the big toe, resulting in bunion formation.

2. Pre existing foot and ankle sprains, foot fractures, and loose ligaments may also lead to the condition.

3. In general, foot disorders have high heritability. Similarly, genetics is a known risk factor for bunion formation. It is estimated that bunions were inherited in four out of ten cases.

4. Another common risk factor is gout. This is a disease associated with deposits of uric acid in the joint, most commonly the big toe or the bunion joint.

5. Using tight-fitting footwear, particularly narrow-toed shoes can put pressure on the big toe. High heels also cause significant strain on the toe joint since they have a tension to shove the body weight onto the front of the foot.

6. Bunions are also common among ballet dancers. This is because the feet are under repetitive stress.

7. The incidence of bunions likewise increases with age.

8. Women are more prone to develop the condition.

9. Having low arches or flat feet both increase the risk of having bunions.

10. People who work in occupations that involve a lot of walking and standing are more susceptible. Therefore, bunions are not uncommon among those in retail, health care, food services, food preparation, teaching, delivery services and the like.

There are many ways to manage painful bunions. These include applying ice packs, taking painkillers such as ibuprofen or aspirin, having warm foot soaks, using better fitting footwear, and using foot pads. Bunions generally do not require surgical removal without the pain becomes debilitating.

The only permanent way to treat bunions is through bunionectomy. There is the traditional surgery as well as the newer treatment, scarless bunion surgery . Talk to your foot doctor about your options.

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A New Treatment Option for Chronic Diabetic Foot Ulcers

The high incidence of foot ulceration in diabetics and potentially devastating consequences are well known in the medical community. Diabetic patients frequently develop peripheral neuropathy, a condition which causes decreased sensation in the foot. The reduced sensitivity of the foot can cause a patient to not feel something as seemingly innocent as a shoe which is too tight and rubbing an area. Diabetic foot ulcerations usually occurs in areas of high pressure when we walk, commonly due to abnormal structure of the foot such as a hammertoe or bunion deformity. Many diabetics also suffer from poor circulation to their feet, which makes wound healing difficult or sometimes impossible. When wounds become chronic, patients are at increased risk for infection. Infection is more difficult to treat in diabetic patients due to the fact that their bodies immune system is not as effective at fighting off bacteria. The antibiotics that are typically used to fight infection are also not as effective if blood flow to the area is poor. This unfortunately leads to amputation for some patients with chronic diabetic foot ulcers.

The first goal of the podiatrist is the prevention of diabetic foot ulcers. Patient education and regular examination of the feet by a health care professional are critical factors in the prevention of diabetic ulcers. Strict control of blood glucose levels along with maintaining a healthy diet and exercise are essential to avoiding complications from diabetes. Your health care professional may recommend testing of the nerves and blood flow of the legs and feet to check for signs of neuropathy or poor circulation. This can give valuable information and depending on the findings of these tests, treatment recommendations which can be made to prevent these conditions from worsening. Diabetic patients should see their podiatrist regularly for care of their nails and feet. Areas of the foot that develop callus tissue should be shaved down to reduce the chance of skin breakdown leading to ulcer formation. Diabetic custom made shoes have been shown to decrease the incidence of ulceration of the diabetic foot. The shoes are constructed with extra depth to accommodate a cushioning insole to reduce pressure points on the bottom of the foot. Diabetic patients should inspect their feet on a daily basis. As diabetics are intolerable to extremely dry skin, a good moisturizing cream should be applied daily to reduce the chance of skin cracks. The areas around the toes should be treated thoroughly after showers or baths and a drying agent such as desenex powder may be applied to reduce the risk of developing fungal infections. Any breaks in the skin, redness, swelling or pain should prompt an immediate visit to the podiatrist. A seemingly small situation can rapidly develop in to a big problem for diabetic patients.

The initial traditional treatment of diabetic foot ulcers is aimed at reducing the risk of infection and stimulating the bodies healing process. The most important part of the treatment is regular debridement of the ulcer. This involves the removal of all dead or callused tissue around the bridges or at the base of the wound by your health care professional. This procedure helps to reduce the risk of infection and can help accelerate the healing of wounds. It is important to remain off the affected foot as much as possible. Your podiatrist can make recommendations to decrease pressure on the ulcerated, which will also help speed the healing process. This could entail padding of the affected area along with the use of surgical shoe or boot to offload the ulcer site. If there is the suspicion of infection, a wound culture can be performed and appropriate antibiotics may be prescribed. There are currently a myriad of topical wound care products that may be prescribed to help decrease the chance of infection and facilitate the healing of diabetic foot ulcers. When these traditional wound care techniques are ineffective, other treatment options should be considered.

A new option for the treatment of chronic diabetic ulcers is offering hope for many patients with chronic non-healing wounds. This involves the use of allograft tissue, a graft obtained from an unrelated human donor. The graft is obtained from the innermost layer of the human placenta and lining of the amniotic cavity of a newborn. Potential donor mothers are screened and tested for infectious diseases and the graft is sterilized prior to implantation. This tissue is chosen because it enhances healing of wounds by delivering a high concentration of the bodies naturally occurring growth factors needed for wound healing. The tissue used in the graft has been shown to reduce inflation and scarring to the involved region. The reduction of inflammation and scarring has been shown to help facilitate healing of chronic wounds. Preliminary studies show the graft has led to increased likelihood of healing of chronic wounds and faster wound healing times. The graft can frequently be applied in the office setting and is a pain procedure that does not require anesthesia.

While techniques and technologies have improved in recent years, prevention still remains the most effective tool in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers.

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Treat Your Cracked Heels With Rice Vinegar

Natural treatments are often cited as the best way to maintain health and vitality, but they are also granted remedies for treating the every-day ailments that plague us.

Vinegar is a great example. Although it is mainly used in cooking, vinegar was historically used for medicinal purposes due to its acidic chemical structure. This 'mild acid' comes from the fermentation process, which results in the ethanol component being rendered into an acetic acid.

Yet vinegar has a lot of uses outside it's abilities to poach an egg. It can be used to get rid of the dry and cracked skin on your heels. Rice vinegar contains a higher amount of the vinegar constituent, but is less acidic than it's commercial counterparts (this is most likely due to the fact that a higher acidic content means a longer fermentation process, and thus greater shelf life) Rice vinegar's chemistry can change the skin's PH value and soften skin cutin layer, which is prone to cracking and irritation when dry.

Rice vinegar is also anti-bacterial making it the ideal candidate for a pedicure soak because it will destroy any bacteria and remove any nail fungus. The best results are achieved when 1 part rice vinegar is mixed with 1 part water, and the feet are allowed to soak for half an hour. This will give the vinegar appropriate time to eliminate any nail fungus, kill off any bacteria on your feel and soften the cracked layer of skin on your heels.

Alternately, mix a scrub and apply using a course sponge or pumice device by adding one tablespoon of honey and one tablespoon or more of coalse salt to a tablespoon of rice vinegar. You can also ad a few drops of olive oil to this mixture. The resultant paste can then be scrubbed directly onto the cracked area of ​​the heel.

The vinegar will help to dissolve the thickened layers of the dead skin while the salt will gently remove the top layer of the dead skin due to its abrasive composition. The honey acts as a sort of natural moisturizer to keep your feet soft and feeling hydrated. After a scrub, it is advisable to apply some foot cream, and keep your feet away from the open air for an hour or so, or until the cream sinks in. (socks are fine)

If you find you can not acquire any rice vinegar, apple cider vinegar works just as well, and will serve you, and your cracked feet well.

These sorts of home-remedy pedicure treatments are becoming increasingly popular as people feel the economic pinch more and more, and it is typically these types of low-cost beauty secrets (rice vinegar is very cheap) that can ensure you still get the health benefits you desire without the inflated price tag.

Happy walking!

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Startling Fact – Foot Pain and Discomfort Are Preventable Get Relief Now With Foot Massages

Foot pain and discomfort are preventable , foot pain aches and discomfort are the two complaints that are the most common complaint among many people. These problems can be on any part of the foot, be it tendons, ligaments, fascia, muscles, nerves, toe-nail beds, skin or blood vessels.

There are plenty of different factors that can cause such foot pains and discomfort.

It is there your responsibility, as an individual to undertake actions and measures aimed at giving yourself relief any time you are faced with such foot problems. This article discusses what youought to know about how to get relief from foot pain and discomfort in the shortest possible time.

Problems.

Plantar fasciitis.

Plantar fasciitis is the source of most heel pain. The plantar fasciitis is a special tissue that connects the toe to the heel bone. It develops problems when it gets inflamed or irritated.

It can be treated and pretended through rest, over the counter pain killers, foot and calf muscle stretches and through wearing shoes with a cushioned inner sole and foot massage.

Heel spurs.

Heel spurs refers to abnormal growths of bones located on the heel bone's bottom side.

It can be caused by posture and walking, wearing footwear inappropriately and abnormal gaits.

Heel spurs can cause foot pain when you are standing or walking. Treatment and prevention includes

  • cut out heel pads,
  • rest,
  • surgery (though very rarely)
  • therapy (physical) and
  • over the counter pain relievers.

Bunions

Bunions form when the big toe pushes sideways towards the next toe, forcing the joint of the big toe to get big and stick out.

Wearing tight shoes is the largest cause of bunions and make the existing bunions worse.

Arthritis and stress on your foot can also cause bunions.

Treatment and prevention includes:

  • wearing roomy shoes,
  • a foot doctor can help in padding and tapping the foot back in normal position and
  • Applying ice for long periods to relate pollution and soreness.

Arthritis.

Arthritis is also a major cause of foot pain. It refers to inflammation of the joints in a single or multiple part of the body.

It's major cause is the reduction of the amount of cartilage in the foot bones.

These cartilage muscles serves to absorb shock and pressure generated when in movement, such as when walking or running.

The goal of treating arthritis is to reduce the amount of pain and to prevent further damage to the joints.

Medication such as Vicodin can be used to control pains while others like menthol can be used to impede the Joint's signal transmission. In advanced cases, foot doctors can opt to go for surgery.

Physical therapy through exercises aimed at strengthening the muscles of the affected area helps a great deal in the treatment of arthritis.

Other conditions.

Many other conditions are responsible for foot pains and discomforts, however, the procedure for treatment and prevention are almost similar.

The following are some of such procedures: –

Foot reflexology-

This is the act of applying pressure to the foot with the use of lotions and oils. It is based on the principle that there are some flexes on the foot that are associated with glands and organs in other parts of the body.

Applying pressure on these parts of the body without applying lotions and creams, relieve tension and improve blood circulations in the associated areas.

Hot foot bath

Hot foot bath – Placing your feet in a hot water bath increases the blood circulation by bringing the blood contained in other body parts to the diluted blood vessels of the feet.

FOOT MASSAGING.

This is the most effective and successful way of reflexology.

Foot massagers offer a great way of preventing and managing foot pains. It allows the user to soothe the pain in his / her feet. It is very beneficial in foot stress reduction, increases energy, improving immune system and increased concentration. There are many different types of foot massagers with different sizes and makes.

Types of foot massagers

There are different types of foot massagers that vary in prices. However, the best foot massager should be able to offer comfort to your aching body irrespective of the price. There is a general saying that professional massagers that cheap massagers do not offer the best services. You only get what you pay for. Some massagers are portable and can even fit in a person's pocket.

If the user continues to experience pain when using the massager, then he / she should immediately stop and get advice from a professional.

The problem of foot pain and discomfort has become a big problem to many people. However, when exposed to such problems, any of the above discussed method can be of great help. However, most professionals agree on the use of foot massagers to be the best remedy for foot pain and discomfort.

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Stinky Sweaty Feet Remedies

How to Fix the Problem of Stinky Sweaty Feet – The Short Guide

A re you the person who foot odor can kill? A lot of people have stinky sweaty feet. What makes matters worse is that you may not even be aware that your feet stinks as no one has ever felt comfortable enough to point it out to you. It's a touchy subject after all. However, if you are lucky (or unlucky, depending on how you look at it), you may already be aware of the problem. This is most likely the case, which is why you have come here for help in solving this little hygiene issue of yours. The good news is that there are quite a few different effective ways of going about correcting this so that your can start smelling a whole lot better. But first it's important to go into some of the undering causes of why our feet have a tendency to smell bad.

Exploring Some of the Causes of Smelly Feet

T he most likely culprit behind feet that stink are simply poor hygiene habits. If you do not shower often, or cut your toenails regularly, or change your socks every day, then your feet are going to smell like any other body part would if you did not clean it properly. However, to go into a bit more detail; one of the main reasons why our feet smell so bad is because of how much our feet tend to sweat compared to many of our other body parts. A foot has a lot of sweat glands. While it's true that much of the sweat that comes from the glands in our feet is mostly almost odorless, it can still contribute to a bad smell when it all ends up in our socks and shoes. Another big cause is the fact that we wear shoes. When our poor feet are stuck inside our shoes an entire day, it's no wonder that they start to smell. The lack of air makes it that much harder for our sweaty socks to dry. And as you may have heard, warm and moist places make the perfect home for bacteria.

So How Do You Get Rid of That Foul Smell That Emanates From Your Feet?

W ell, the most obvious one of course is to practice good hygiene. Cut your toenails often, shower every day, and change socks regularly. Most foot odor problems could probably be solved by doing the three things above. While most people shower every day, many of them are sloppy when doing so. They may not scrub their feet to get rid of the dead skin, or they might not clean their feet using any sort of bodywash or shower gel. As you may have heard, it's of course also very important to dry your feet thorougly after each washing. Putting on fresh and clean socks every new day is an absolutely vital thing that you must do as well. Many people will use the same pair of socks several days in a row which is needless to say; a recipe for disaster. The material that socks are made of are also a contributing factor. For example; Polyester and nylon both provide very little ventilation for your feet unlike materials like cotton that allows your feet to breathe a bit more.

O ne great way of combating bad smell is baking soda (or sodium bicarbonate as it's also known as). It's quite common to use baking soda for smelly armpits, so there is no reason why one should not give it a try applying it on their feet as well. Utilizing baking soda is very effective as it makes it harder for the bacteria to thrive and multiply itself. The easiest way to use baking soda is to simply put it inside your socks as well as inside your shoes. Other types of powders that you can use are baby powder or talcum powder as they will both have a similar effect compared to baking soda.

A nother effective strategy is to rub some alcohol on the inside of your shoes. It is not a very common method, but it has proven to have a great positive effect as it will kill off a lot of the bacteria. After applying and rubbing in the alcohol, try simply cleaning your shoes with some soap. You may not be able to do this with all kinds of shoes, but most shoes will certainly not take any damage from this as long as you let them dry thoroughly afterwards. And why not let them dry outside in the sun, as that will cause even more of the remaining bacteria to die off if not dead already. Finish off by replacing the old and worn out soles on the inside of your shoes with new ones. Of course, the rubbing of the alcohol as well as the washing and drying are done on your shoes and not on your feet, but you will find that your feet will smell a lot better if they have been inside a pair of nice and fresh smelling shoes all day instead of being inside a pair of smelly ones. Having more than one pair of shoes for use certainly helps as well.

F ixing the problem of stinky sweaty feet does not have to be difficult, and it certainly does not require a lot of time. Perhaps it just requires the purchase of a product or two, or the creation of a new hygienic habit. It is certainly worth doing, as no one enjoys spending time with “Stinky Peter” or any other cruel nickname that you can think of. If you have tried all of the common methods to no avail, sometimes it's time to consult with a professional that knows what they are doing. If consulting a professional is not your thing, there are some quality products out there on the market that can help you as well.

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Know Some Surprising Facts About Syringe Filters

Syringe Filters look like wheel shaped filters. They have a plastic body having a membrane, which is utilized for purifying the contaminants. Their chief use is to remove the microbes and harmful particles from gases, or liquids. In addition to this, they possess a syringe that is associated with filter membrane. There is a fabulous plethora of pour sizes, in which these filters are available in the market. A Nylon filter is also found with numerous hydrophobic and hydrophilic membrane materials.

These syringe filters are utilized in an array of applications including environmental sample analysis, HPLC sample preparation, bio fuel analysis, routine QC analysis, protection precipitation, food analysis, and many more. Apart from this, various industries use this filters incorporating environmental environmental and general laboratory, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, and many others. As far as HPLC is concerned, these filters are utilized for removing the particles from the sample prior to its entering the column.

Consequently, the accuracy of results as well as the life of the column substantively increase. The membrane used by these filters may be of Nylon mixed cellulose, PES, polypropylene, or PTFE. The nature of the sample finalizes which filter should be used. Mixed cellulose of nylon syringe filters (both are hydrophilic membranes) are utilized to purify aqueous samples. Aside from this, sensitive biological samples are treated by mixed cellulose ester membrane. They are chiefly made of cellulose acetate, and cellulose nitrate.

Furthermore, hydrophobic membranes (like poly tetra fluoroethylene) are utilized in order to deal with non-polar solvents. It is a resistant polymer by nature, and useful for highly aggressive as well as corrosive solvents. Since they contain an amount amount of high stability, these polymers are used to purify bases and acids, as well. The moisture present in air vents can also be wound by using PTFE membrane. Polyethersulfone or polyyinylidene difluoride membranes (both are low protein binding filters) are used to purify protein samples.

Their nature is hydrophilic. PES membranes are preferred for inorganic samples that are utilized in ion chromatography. They are able to recover most of the samples. Beside this, Syringe Filters have been found to be useful in numerous applications ranging from milk commerce to commercial industries. Propylene membranes are useful with organic solvents and aqueous, as they are hydrophobic in nature. However, you should consider the diameter as well as pour size of filter while you choose these membranes for staying healthy.

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