Browsing: Foot Health

Common Problems of the Feet

Your feet are important. They are what gives you mobility and the ability to get you from point A to point B. Your feet are also vulnerable to injury and infection. When something is not right with your feet, you notice it. Even something as small as a blister can make walking and wearing shoes difficult.

Most of the common foot problems listed below can be avoided or have their discomfort lessened with proper foot care which includes hygiene and wearing properly fitting shoes.


Blisters are soft, clear fluid-filled pockets of skin that result from wearing ill-fitting shoes. Blisters are often painful and make walking, running and wearing shoes difficult. Regular blisters can be pricked with a sterilized needle and drained. Blood blisters, the ones that fill with blood instead of the clear fluid, should not be popped and drained.


If you have one or two toes that are crossed, pointing in abnormal angles or are bent in the middle of the toe joint, chances are you have hammertoes. Like blisters, hammertoes are usually the result of ill-fitting shoes. The alignment and bend of hammertoes can be corrected if treated early. If enough time goes by without treatment, the toe will become permanently bent.

Claw Toes

Those with claw toes have toes (with the exception of the big toe) that curl up at the joint where the toes and the foot meet and which curl down at the end of the toes from the toe joint. Ill-fitting shoes and nerve damage are common causes of claw toes.


If you have bunions, wearing shoes can be painful. Bunions are located at the base of the big toe, at the joint where the big toe connects to the foot. This joint grows crooked, often protruding out from the side of the foot, causing the big toe to turn inward. Ill-fitting shoes, heredity, arthritis, deformities and trauma are common causes.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are when the corners of the toenails dig into and grow into the nearby skin. Foot fungus, ill-fitting shoes, improperly cut toenails and abnormal foot structure are common causes.

Athlete's Foot

Athlete's foot is a fungal infection whereeby an itchy, burning, peeling, white, scaly rash appears on the bottom of feet or in between toes. Poor foot hygiene such as not wearing or changing socks and not washing feet are the largest culprits.

Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus is easy to spot with discolored, deformed toenails. These unattractive toenails are the result of inadequate foot care and hygiene and exposing the feet to moist, unclean environments such as pools and locker rooms.


Gout is a painful type of arthritis that often results in red, warm, swelling and pain around the joint of the big toe. Gout is caused from the build-up of uric acid, which can be worsened with certain foods including alcohol, seafood and red meat.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are painful, hard patches of dead skin that are the result of bony areas of the toes and feet getting repeatedly rubbed, usually by tight shoes. Corns often form on the sides and tops of toes as well as in between toes. Calluses usually form on the bottom for the heel and ball of the foot.

Heel Spurs and Plantar Fasciitis

Both heel spurs and plantar fasciitis are painful foot conditions that affect the heel. A heel spur is where pieces of bone that grow at the base of the heel bone. Plantar fasciitis is the painful inflammation of the fascia, the tendon that connects the hell and ball of the foot.

Taking care of your feet are important. Regular washing and drying of feet, wearing and changing socks, early treatment and wearing properly-fitting footwear can help stem the formation of many of these common foot problems.

If you experience chronic pain and discomfort, it is highly recommended that you schedule an appointment with your podiatrist.

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What Happens When Ingrown Toenails Aren’t Treated and When to Seek Help

Ingrown toenails. Chances are you've had one or know someone who has had one. This common foot problem results in red, swollen and potentially painful inflammation in the skin of your toe around where the toenail pierces and grows into the skin of the toe.

There are many causes of this toenail issue with the most common cause being the improper trimming of toenails.

You may think that your ingrown toenail is not that big of a deal. It does not look too bad and it does not cause much pain or discomfort.

What happens if you do not treat your ingrown toenail? Well, long story short, it can easily transform from something minor to something more serious.

Whenever the skin is punctured and compromised, germs and bacteria can enter the body. When this happens, an infection results as the body attacks the invading germs and bacteria. An infection usually involves redness, inflammation, and heat. Some infections can also include tenderness, itchiness, throbbing and pain. An ingrown toenail will result in an infection that will gradually work into deeper layers of skin and tissue. When left untreated, deer layers of skin and tissue are affected. This infection can go into the bone tissue. Bone infections can take many weeks to treat and can cause additional pain, redness and swelling of the toes and feet.

Complications of the skin surrounding the nail and the nail itself can have complications if the ingrown toenail is not treated. The skin around the toenail can get scarred, the border of the nail can become deformed and thickened and the toenail may become infected with fungus, causing it to become discolored and deformed. Tenderness, bleeding and draining may also occur around the ingrown toenail.

When to Seek Help

It is important to get your ingrown toenail treated as soon as possible to keep it from progressing and getting worse. In the early stages, simple home remedies can eradicate the problem. If the condition is not better in a week or if the pain and discomfort get worse, an appointment with a medical professional is recommended.

If you experience or notice any of the following signs of an infection, you should see your doctor:

  • Redness that spreads from the toe to the middle of the foot (streaking)
  • Swelling around the ingrown toenail
  • Redness around the nail
  • Pain, tenderness and inflammation around the toenail
  • A bad odor coming from the nail
  • The drainage of white, green or yellow pus from the skin around the affected area

Some patients, particularly those with diabetes, poor circulation in the feet and those with a deficient immune system are highly encouraged to see their doctor even if their toenail condition is mild.

Simple home remedies, prescription antibiotics and surgery are possible treatment options for this condition. If you suspect that you have this common foot ailment, be sure to start treating it early and contact your doctor when conditions worsen or do not improve. Untreated ingrown toenails can lead to more serious foot conditions that are harder to treat.

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Gout in Foot – 5 Foods That Will Help You Deal With This

Are you looking for some relief from a very painful condition called gout in foot? This condition generally occurs because of an increased amount of uric acid in your blood. Your foot, and especially the big toe, swells up very painfully and your toe joints also becomes very stiff. You will obviously find it very difficult to walk if you suffer from this condition.

You'll be able to get a great deal of relief from gout in foot if you avoid eating foods rich in urea (red meats are the largest culprits here). Your diet should also be low in fat but high in complex carbohydrates. You should also drink plenty of water at regular intervals through the day in order to flush as much urea out of your system as possible.

A balanced diet that consist of plenty of fruits, vegetables, low fat proteins, whole grains and pulses as well as low fat dairy products will be beneficial to people suffering from gout. Even so, there are certain healthy foods that will help you tremendously in keeping this painful condition under control:

Onions have natural antibiotic and anti-inflammatory properties. They help reduce the inflammation of the joints and thereby reduce the pain and stiffness that you feel.

Oily Fish contains omega 3 fatty acids which also have anti-inflammatory properties. Salmon and tuna are good fish to eat. If you can not eat fish then flax seeds are a very effective substitute.

Strawberries contain chemicals that help your body get rid of uric acid easily. Try to include 2 or 3 helpings of strawberries a day in case your symptoms are too hard to bear.

Apples contain natural pectin which helps keep your joints healthy. It is preferred to eat the fruit whole, rather than as a juice, and with the peel on in order to get the maximum benefit from it.

Avocadoes offer you the double benefit of being able to reduce your body's levels of uric acid while bringing down the inflammation in your joints.

You will find it very easy to bring down the pain caused due to gout in foot simply by making the appropriate changes in your diet. You will also regain a lot of your lost mobility if you eat the right foods. As a matter of fact, you will easily be able to get relief from your condition without the need for expensive medication.

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Insoles And Their Significance In Our Daily Lives

Does it ache when you wear a particular pair of shoes? This is actually quite common when you are wearing new shoes. Hurting feet can always lead to a very bad backache which can further lead to complicated problems for our body. How do we stop these frequent pains shooting up your ankle? You might want to stop a second before you throw your shoes out because there might just be a pretty good solution. One particularly effective and easy solution is to get an insole for shoes that tend to hurt your feet.

Insoles are available in any shoe store you may go to. They are made in different shapes and sizes so as to fit any shoe that you might need insoles for. The pain starts when you are on your feet all day, either running around or standing standing. Insoles offer you the support that your feet need while you run around or stand for long periods. There are special insoles which have gel backing which give extra support and care for your feet which will keep them from aching. There are some insoles with shock absorption fittings which helps specific people who have to work with or carry heavy equipment.

Insoles are also known as shoe inserts essentially because they are inserted into shoes to give support to the wearers. They are generally made of gel, as stated before, or rubber. Insoles can also be removed after use and maintained. Shoes are noticeably more comfortable after you fix insoles inside them. Every individual would benefit more if the insole they wear could have made specifically for their feet. If the insoles do not support your feet as they should be supported, it may cause larger problems than wearing shoes without insoles. You might want to consider seeing a physician or a “foot-specialist” before you have your insoles put in your shoes.

Shoe inserts can be used for a lot of purposes. One obvious reason is to make a shorter person look taller. These inserts are also referred to as shoe lifts. You can insert a shoe lift in a flat shoe and still look tall. Insoles are great if one of your legs are shorter or taller than the other. By using different sized insoles you can resize your feet to the same size. The right insoles can do wonders for your feet, erasing all the pain that you might be experience in your feet.

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What Are Heel Fissures And How Can I Treat Them?

Have you ever suffered from dry skin? What about your foot or heel? If you have, you may have suffered from heel fissures.

It is kind of an unusual term for a common foot problem. A fissure is a crack. Just like you can have fissures in the earth, you can have fissures in your skin and a fissure can be very painful. Typically, this will occur on the foot in the heel. People's dogs tend to dry out and get dry, cracked and scaly. When one of those cracks develop into a deep crevice, we call it a heel fissure and they can cause a lot of pain. Heel fissures may be caused by wearing open-back sandals or shoes that allow for a lot of slippage around the heel while walking, or by a skin condition such as eczema or psoriasis. Diabetes and excess weight can also contribute to heel fissures.

The good thing is, heel fissures can be very simple to treat. Often, you do not even need to see a podiatrist. A few things we would recommend you try that you can do at home are:

1. Take a nail clipper and clip the hard skin on either side of the crack

2. File down the dead, dry skin

3. Soak your feet (warm water helps to soften the skin and makes removal of the dry skin easier.

4. Use a pumice stone to break up some of that dry skin

5. Finally, just use a good lotion. For some cases, that will work great.

If you decide against the home treatments, or if they are not working for you and you come into our office with heel fissures, we will trim the dry skin and pull all of that off to get it down to where the skin is soft, pink and healthy. Then, we will put a cautery type of an agent on there to cover up the exposed skin, which is sore. Finally, we will recommend a good prescription strength lotion. The urea-containing lotions are usually the best lotions in these situations. Urea is a very strong softening agent. In our office, we recommend something called RevitaDerm, which is an over-the-counter lotion that we carry. It is 40% urea and is prescription strength. The way we recommend using the lotion is to lather it on really thick at night after you have used the pumice stone to break up some of the dry skin. Then, put a sock over your feet. If you leave the RevitaDerm on while you sleep, the medicine can really penetrate. It creates a warm, moist environment that allows skin to become really soft.

However, if you do that too many nights in a row it can become painful because your skin becomes too soft. So go through that process every other night for a week or so, but continue to put the lotion on in the morning and at night on the days when you are not using the pumice stone.

This method usually eliminates the heel fissures and the dry skin. Once you get on top of the problem, you need to stay on top of it by lubricating that skin to keep it soft. That way you can treat your heel fissures, eliminate that pain and avoid the problems and infection that can potentially develop with untreated heel fissures.

It can be a very tough problem for people who need to be on their feet but continue to have this horrible dry, cracked skin that causes them pain. Do not let heel fissures continue to cause you pain or run the risk of letting an untreated heel fissure turn into something worse, such as an infection. Start the in-home treatments and if that does not work for you, see a podiatrist. You do not have to live with pain of untreated heel fissures.

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Oscar Pistorius: The “Blade Runner”

Oscar Pistorius was born on November 22, 1986, in South Africa. But he was not born the perfectly formed, healthy baby we all hope for. He was born with fibular hemimelia, a congenital disorder in which there is a complete or partial absence of the fibula. Sometimes, with fibular hemimelia, other deformities are also present in the ankle and foot, as well as in the femur, knee, and tibia. Pistorius' fibular hemimelia led to a double-amputation of his legs below the knee when he was still an infant, partial amputation being a standard treatment for the disorder.

Pistorius' parents were advised to have the amputations done before he learned to walk, which would make it easier for him to adapt to the change and make it more likely for him to be mobile in the future. Pistorius not only learned to live with his disability, as he grew up, he excelled, becoming a determined athlete and competitor. At the age of 26, he has already become a world champion sprinter and made history. In August 2012, he represented South Africa in the London Olympic games, becoming the first double amputee to compete in track and field.

“I've been very blessed in my life. I've got a lot of to be grateful for,” Pistorius said during a press conference. “I've never focused on the disabilities in life, but on the abilities.”

Pistorius wears prosthetic legs. He received his first pair soon after his amputations, which allowed him to grow up competitiveness in sports. Now those prosthetics are high-tech carbon-fiber blades, hence the nickname “Blade Runner.” Pistorius' success with prosthetics gives hope and encouragement to many who use prosthetic limbs or will have to in the future and to those who suffer from other foot and ankle disorders.

One of the most common diseases we see in our office that leads to amputations is diabetes, and with diabetes being a growing problem in the United States, it is something we see on a regular basis. Our main goal with diabetes is to prevent amputation, and there are many new techniques available to save feet and legs, but when amputation becomes a necessity, it is good for patients to know that with prosthetics available, and with the advances in prosthetics, it is still possible to lead a normal life.

Pistorius has clearly done well with his prosthetics and with his recovery from his amputations at an early age, but there is another treatment option around amputation for fibular hemimelia patients. That option is limit lengthening. Reconstruction techniques or lim lengthening can sometimes be used to replace missing bone and lengthen or straightened segments of deformed bones.

If your child suffers from fibular hemimelia, it may be difficult to decide which treatment option to go with, and you may need to see a foot and ankle specialist to help you with that decision. There is some controversy about which treatment option is best and which treatment the patients best respond to. The decision usually is based on the severity of the fibular hemimelia and whether or not the foot is functional. If it is less severe, limb lengthening may be possible.

However, if amputation is recommended, you can choose that option with the knowledge that your child will still have the chance to lead a fulfilling, successful life, just as Oscar Pistorius has shown us. He fosted for a chance to compete in the London Olympics, and he won, maybe not the race, but the real battle to prove that he is on equal ground with non-disabled athletes and can compete with them with no advantages due to his prosthetic legs.

After the prosthetic blades he uses were banned in 2008 from use in able-bodied competition because of fears that people using prosthetics may have an unfair advantage over other competitors, Pistorius fought for four months to have that overturned and won, making him eligible to compete in the Olympic games.

Pistorius' outlook on life and his determination in competition are inspiring to say the least.

“I think there's a lot of people that & hellip; if something does not go their way in life, then they focus on how they have been short-changed or how they have been done wrong,” Pistorius said. “But we've got so much to be grateful for, I think I'd prefer to focus on that.”

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Achilles Pain Advice

There is no doubt that Achilles pain is among the most common lower body issues encountered by podiatrists and doctors. While this is the largest tendon in the body built to end the pressures created due to activities like jumping and running it is also vulnerable to developing tendonitis due to degeneration and overuse.

The most common type of Achilles pain is the Achilles tendonitis, though, recently this condition has been referred as Achilles tendinopathy since it's been found that loss of fiber structure and tissue degeneration is the main cause of pain instead of inflammation. But still, the 'tendonitis' term is the most commonly used terminology, and it can either be chronic (taking place over a long time) or acute (occurring only for few days following training).

There are lots of symptoms of Achilles tendonitis, but the most common ones are stiffness and pain in tendon, particularly upon waking, ache in the heel or tendons that increases through weight-bearing activities, severe pain that occurs on the next day following physical activity . The growth of bone spurs as well as chronic swelling in the tendons which gets worse during physical actions or through the day.

If you feel a sudden “popping” sensation at the back of your heel, it could be an indication that your Achilles tendon has been ruptured, and this situation needs instant medical attention.

Usually, until and without the tendon is torn, Achilles pain is not caused by any particular injury; instead it is a result of continuous stress that depletes the tissue's health. When suddenly there is an increase in the level of physical activity, excessive stress is being laid on the tendon, also a change in shoes or training surfaces like running uphill (training on an inclined surface), over-pronation of the feet, bone spurs and tight calf muscles are all responsible for developing an aching Achilles tendon.

When suffering from Achilles pain one must take proper rest as it is the most effective treatment for this condition. Combining rest with cold therapy is highly effective. After physical activity, ice must be applied whether there is pain or no pain. Making use of an orthotic device like heel pads will reduce the strain on tendon, mainly during the early stages of recovery, in case if the situation is critical wearing an immobilizing boot or a night splint may be required.

You may get a massage; improving the blood flow in this particular area is important for healing as the Achilles tendon has naturally restricted circulation. Often, relevant anti-inflammatories are useful but cortisal injections must be avoided since they tend to increase the threat of ruptured tendon.

It's necessary to wear shoes with adequate support and cushioning. High heels must be avoided, especially if there's acute pain. Stretch your calf muscles since tight calf muscles pull on Achilles tendon more intensely, which not only causes inflammation and pain but also leads to over-pronation of the feet. If you have tight calf muscles you can be done within a vicious circle of Achilles pain since the tendons and muscles become tight causing imbalances and discomfort.

In case the non-invasive treatments and countermeasures fail to provide any relief then medical attention must be thought, because even as Achilles pain might be common it does not need to be chronic, there's help available for this kind of discomfort.

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Diabetic Feet Advice

Diabetic Feet needs special care and attention, as they are among the major causes of health problems as well as hospitalization as a result of issues of impaired circulation and nerve damage. A Diabetic may suffer from numbness in their lower leg and feet which may lead to minor issues escalate into larger more serious health problems, like an infection or amputation of a foot or toes.

Since diabetics can not depend on sensations of pain to indicate injury or problems, their feet must be thoroughly examined on a regular basis. Following are some of the different definite types of pathology associated with diabetic feet:

Impaired Circulation: Decreased circulation means reduced nutrition to diabetic feet which often causes foot ulcerations that may not heal easily and may lead to infection.

Nerve Damage: This often causes the lack of sensation in the feet and sometimes unpleasant sensations such as pain, burning, tingling or coldness can occur. If proper care is not taken, the lack of sensation can make the feet 'rest' in abnormal positions, that may possibly lead to the disintegration of joints or bones over time.
Foot Ulcers: Ulcers usually develop due to tissue breakout in diabetic feet, and since they take a lot of time for healing in such kind of patients the feet becomes susceptible to infection.

Calluses and Blisters: Diabetics are easily susceptible to developing calluses and blisters, making the foot vulnerable to infection.

Bone Infection: Though it's a slightly more rare condition compared to others, this is an extremely serious complication which takes place when the tissue break reaches the bone. This can cause secondary bone infection moreover it can also lead to amputation of foot in some cases.

Since diabetic feet are a lot more vulnerable to infection and injury here are some steps that must always be taken in order to minimize the possibility of secondary issues:

– Avoid walking barefoot to prevent cuts and bruises on the foot.
– Make sure to wash the feet everyday and see to it that the water should not be too hot- test its temperature with your hand prior to submerging your feet.
– While trimming nails special care must be taken as infection from even minor wounds can easily develop in diabetic feet.
– Apply heavy cream on the feet so that the skin is resilient and supple and is prevented from the development of cracks due to excessive dryness.
– Keep the feet dry and warm. In case a diabetic is exposed to snow or rain make sure that the feet is properly discharged and cautiously warmed. The feet should not be placed directly near a fireplace or on a radiator because extreme heat will not be recognized in case of nerve damage.
– All types of blister, ulcer, and abrasion, change of color in the skin, redness and swelling must be examined by a doctor.
– Do not smoke as smoking further decrees circulation and increases risks related with diabetic feet.

If you want to avoid serious health conditions like ampution and infection, take special care of diabetic feet. The most crucial step is to examine the diabetic feet everyday and it takes only a few minutes each day to protect the health of a patient.

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Daily Foot Care Tips

It's a fact that most people do not pay much attention to their feet until and without they start having or there's a problem that leads to decrease in the level and quality of the sufferer's activity. Foot care tips do not mean simply getting a pedicure or massage which is opposed to the common belief. There are certain things which both women and men could do to keep their feet healthy!

Foot care tips for great health of the foot:

– Most important, keep your feet dry and clean. Wash them daily and apply lotion on cracked or dry heels.

– Do not cut the nails too short or else infection or in-grown toenails could happen, so just trim them regularly.

– Make use of a pumice stone to make the rough skin areas on the feet soft and smooth but do not “shave” or “trim” calluses and corners.

– Make sure that you wear clean socks daily and that they can absorb sweat to let your feet breathe properly. The socks must not be constrictive since proper blood flow is necessary to foot care.

– Wear well-fitting shoes. Ensure that it provides your feet with sufficient cushioning and support. Also, the toe box must be large enough so that your feet are not agonizingly squeezed or crammed out of position.

– Avoid wearing high heels always. On days off or weekends, foot care must include well-cushioned flat shoes which protect and support the feet.

– Examine your shoes for obstructions such as pebbles before wearing them as it can lead to abrasions or variations in gait patterns.
Includes daily care, at times the achy fee requires a bit of TLC. There are various foot care tips which will work within any budget:

– To relax the tendons and muscles in the feet especially the calf muscles, soak your feet for 20 minutes in hot water then rub them down thoroughly with cream.

– Adding Epsom salt in the water will reduce pain in the foot and increase healing.

– For enhanced foot care, try this remedy at home: prepare a pot of dark and rich tea then put it in cool water. This soothing foot soak eases discomfort and gets rid of foot odor as well.

– To reduce achiness and swelling after a long tiring day, lift up your feet. For extra comfort, place a cushion underneath your legs to prevent the injury of circulation.

– Make use of orthotic devices inside your shoes for additional cushioning or support. Another essential factor in good foot care is the quality and fit of footwear. Foot orthoses can help a lot in improving foot health.

– Keep in mind to stretch regularly. Having agile tendons in your feet and flexible calf muscles helps in reducing discomfort and maintains the health of the foot. This factor is often ignored even by the most careful person amongst all.

– To prevent the development of infections like athlete's foot, wear shoes in the pool or gym and other such public places.

There are lots of things that can be done in order to protect the health of one's feet, but the above mentioned foot care tips are within your means and easy that can be followed by everyone regardless of their budget or time.

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Sesamoiditis Pain

A condition called Sesamoiditis affects the two small bones located under the big toe's joint, in natural terms these small bones are known as sesamoid bones. Their purpose is to provide stability to the foot and guard the tendons through weight bearing activities and walking. As a matter of fact, these sesamoid bones are vital in the gait cycle for the “push off” phase therefore its heavy usage is one reason which makes them susceptible to irritation and overuse or sesamoiditis. Since the cartilage that covers these bones becomes inflamed and irritated this condition is seldom classified as a type of tendonitis.

Sesamoiditits usually develops when excessive pressure is placed on the sesamoid bones, or when there's an injury directly to the joints, bones or tissues located in the sesamoid region of the foot, but this particular kind of inflammation may also take place due to arthritis or fracture in both or one bone. Generally, it is not an acute crime which leads to the development of this kind of pathology but rather repeating movements that exerts too much pressure on the front foot.

General activities like jumping, running, participating in ballet or wearing high heels all increase the possibility for developing sesamoiditis. Feet which are bony or have high arches are more susceptible to this condition as well. Also certain foot types exhibit exceptionally prominent sesamoid bones, and this raises the probability that excessive pressure will be exerted on the bones.

The first sign of inflammation is normally a painful sensation which keeps on growing if the level of activity is not reduced. Also there may be pain under the big toe in the joint, swelling and redness in the troubled area and the big toe might seem slightly deformed and may become stiff. If this problem is not deal with the condition will probably become worse with time. It frequently happens that people ignore sesamoiditis till normal gait patterns and activity levels are negatively affected.

Decreasing the level of activity and making use of cold compresses will certainly help reduce discomfort and increase the process of healing. The shoes must have proper cushioning and support, moreover wearing high heels must be avoided as well. A protective pad must be used in the region of sesamoid bones and orthotic devices must be used as required, and although anti-inflammatory will help relieve the pain one must not depend on them for continuing treatment.

When treatments are introduced at early stages they are non-invasive and take much less time to bring improvement in the condition. However, more advanced cases may necessitate long -term therapy which addresses the underlying issues or the use of cortisone injections. Sesamoiditis developed due to sesamoid fracture will need more aggressive treatment by a healthcare professional or Podiatrist and a cast can be used to reposition and protect the delicate bones. Surgery is used as the last resort when all other options fail, as it can lead to many problems in itself.

If you want to avoid more invasive and aggressive treatments, it is necessary to treat Sesamoiditis at an early stage. Foot care is an important part of overall health care and pain in the foot must be addressed without delay upon development.

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Athlete’s Foot Advice and Treatment

Tinea Pedis, in the layman's language known as the athlete's foot or foot fungus and not limited to just athletes in particular is a dermatological condition affecting some people. More common in males than in females, this condition happens in one out of every ten people, which makes it quite common.

Athlete's foot is of the following 3 types:

Interdigital: Found between the 4th and the 5th toes, this is the most common category of the foot fungus, with symptoms like itching, scaling and even fissures on the surface of the skin.

Moccasin-Type: Soles of the feet become tender, skin surface turn dry and flaky, and is feasible in that it either occurs in 2 feet and one hand, or two hand and one foot
Acute Vesicular: Painful blisters suddenly crop up from now on either side of the foot, and these are the consequences of the fungus getting an allergic reaction. However, this is the least common type of foot fungus.

Categorically speaking, the foot fungus may get divided into further sub classes, but in effect, they all produce almost the same outcome, and these include itchy, reddish skin, inflated bumps on the souls, and the feet feel like they are burning. All this is usually common in the first two toes.

You can get the athlete's foot from wet places, places that re public and particularly the locker rooms of gyms. Sharing of items such as socks and towels or even having skin contact m get you the athlete's foot without a problem. Such scenarios are the special hosts for fungus to spread and breed and that's why it is important to exercise caution. Fractures in skin such as cuts or bruises and big promoters of athlete's foot and diabetic people need to be especially wary of this, as the first symptoms of foot fungus do not cause any feeling at all.

Depending on the severity, foot fungus cases can be either solved by the use of anti fungus creams for the mild cases or long prescriptions for the more severe cases. Oral medication is another line of defense because they contain anti fungal as well as anti bacterial properties. Whatever be the scenario, it is highly recommended that you use anti fungal powders in the shoes, as well as self hygiene by keeping the feet clean and dry.

You should consult a doctor if you are not sure whether you have foot fungus and the symptoms do not go away by using counteractive measures. It's even possible that you may be suffering from pathologies like eczema, ringworm or psoriasis, and the doctor's consultation is absolutely important. There is danger of other infections too if the athlete's foot is left unattended.

Prevention is better than cure, and this applies to athlete's foot as well. General cleanliness and dryness are strong measures to keep the fungus from even popping up. Drying of the feet, especially the innermost areas after the shower goes a long way in ensuring that you do not contract fungal infection of any kind. Use socks that absorb the sweat and moisture if you happen to engage in a lot of physical activity, because in the end, it's the taking of preventive measures that really fight against fungal infection.

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Symptoms of Foot Pain When Running

Running is an exhilarating sport. There is a lot to be said about it and yet is quite a simple physical activity to undertake. If you are not an Olympic aspirant, running is a sport that needs no coach. This is actually something you learn to do almost from after your step and something your parents love to have you discover all on your own. As the years progress, it is also the activity of choice for the busy student and then later the busy executive or small business owner. They say it takes only thirty to forty minutes of cardiovascular activity in the day to maintain a fit and healthy body. A lot of folks turn to running because it is easy and since it is a cardio workout that definitely burns a lot of calories.

Our feet are our partners in any physical activity. They are made of twenty-six bones and thirty-three joints and were created to do simple but essential physical activities. They are our body's shock absorbers. They support our weight and help us move forward or backward. They help us keep our balance especially on uneven ground. It goes without saying that our feet are really exposed to possible pain and injury. Activities like walking and running add to the stress on our feet and are possible causes of foot pain and injury.

There are signs for a person to know that there is something really wrong with the foot pain experiences. The common signs and symptoms consist of tenderness on the foot, swelling and redness, warmth at the site that is painful, difficulty in walking or standing, and increasing pain when active like when walking or standing which decreases during rest. There may be many reasons for this both external and internal. The main external reason is improper footwear.

Most of the causes for top of foot pain is internal in entire from simple problems like ingrown toenails to hammertoe to nerve entrapments, stress fractures, or bone spurs to things that are natural like hormonal changes and aging.

The most important things to remember are that if you experience more and persistent pain in the top of foot area, you should stop and reassess your physical activities and your body. Look at the signs and symptoms of top of foot pain. Take a look and see if there are natural changes happening. Maybe you have put on more weight than you are aware of making the stress on your feet naturally larger. Maybe you have a running injury and you are just unaware of this. Taking all factors into consideration and seriously is a step towards getting the solution to alleviating any top of foot pain.

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Broken Foot Symptoms

Our feet are often underrated. We do not look and consider how important these are to us. These parts of the body contain about twenty five percent of the total number of bones in our body. The feet are made of twenty-six bones and thirty-three joints all working together to support our weight, to help us keep our balance, to help us stay upright, to propel us to move forwards or returns. These two appendages are full of shock absorbers. They are the ones that take on a lot of the stress out bodies experience physically on a daily basis. They are strong bits of a larger whole that do not get as much love and attention as they should.

Because they are our shock absorbers, they are also the parts of our body that are definitely and permanently exposed to possible injury. There are many reasons why a foot can be broken. Typically, broken feet are caused by extreme and sudden impact to the bone. The exact bone that is damaged or broken is highly dependent on where the bone is located, what kind of trauma the bone experiences, and if there are other medical reasons why the bone is more prone to breaking. It is possible that there is bone degradation due to beginnings of osteoporosis or other ailments that cause weakening.

Constant and repeated stress to bones results in what is called stress fractures. This is common mainly in soldiers and athletes. Symptoms of a broken bone are pronounced and very hard to miss. These include extreme pain, swelling, and inability to move or put pressure on the foot, deformity of the foot, increasing pain especially with added physical activity. There is an important note to make. The symptoms of a broken foot and a sprain are similar. The signs that set them apart are the intensity of the pain felt, the degree of deformity of the foot, and the amount of sailing in the foot.

You may be tempted to do home remedies when experiencing foot pain. So many times a person thinks a simple pain can be solved by soaking and a bandage. Some home remedies are actually detrimental to healing of broken foot bones. You may have encountered individuals with stories of how they fractured a foot bond, returned to home massages and bandages, and ended up getting a cast because ll the do-it-yourself ministries actually made the fracture worse. Because the feet are so underrated and yet extremely important for daily function, it is tempting to take the easy and quick correct-seeming solution to foot pain instead of going the medical professional route. So it is important to seek medical advice when pain and the appearance of the foot are marked.

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What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

The foot is that part of the body that seems to have the least amount of attention or press time when it comes to medial remedies or preventive methods but if you look at it, foot pain is a very common occurrence. The feet are the body's shock absorbers, the wheels of our car as analogy can illustrate. They are important then because if they are damaged in any way, we will be unable to move or we will at least have limited and restricted mobility. The feet contain twenty five percent of the total bones in our body. They are made up of twenty six bones and thirty three joints, all working harmoniously together to create a nimble moving machine.

Our lives today are possibly a lot less physically strenuous than life during the time of our ancestors. We have made so much progress in science and technology so much so that our lives have been made much easier. But we also changed in physical makeup. Today, we weigh a lot more, have more diseases resulting from a sedentary lifestyle, and are a lot less fit. Our feet are affected by all these changes. Because we are less fit and weight more, our feet take on more stress. Because we have probably more medical conditions that may cause bone deterioration, we are also more prone to bone damage.

The most common foot problems are related to bottom of the foot, or the heel area. This is known as Plantar Fasciitis. Plantar fascia is the bottom part of the foot by the arch area. An inflammation of this part of the foot, usually from the heel all the way to the toes, is often associated with Plantar Fasciitis. Plantar Fasciitis can develop slowly over time but in some cases this is a sudden and intense pain at the base or the heel of the foot. This pain has been described as sharp or stabbing, it increases as you walk or stand for long periods, it can also increase with long periods of rest. This condition is also characterized by near no pain when sitting and then intestinal pain upon standing.

Causes of Plantar Fasciitis are also plentiful. It is said that sometimes a biomechanical imbalance is what causes the soft tissues on the lower leg and the bottom of the foot to get inflamed. Often this is caused by being overweight despite concerns like diabetes, flat footedness, incorrect arch support, wrong shoes, and an increase in activity have all been cited as causes as well. The main thing to remember is that if this kind of pain is on bottom of the foot or on the heel then and it is felt with consistency and with moderate and increasing pain, it is time to seek professional help.

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Plantar Fasciitis: Related Causes and Suggested Treatments

Most individuals will agree that in this day and age there is a renewed concentration on health and wellness. Now more than ever, there has been a focus on being fit and sound in body as well as mind. If you take a look at television shows you will see numerous programs on diet and exercise, from the documentary, to self-help, to reality weight loss. It is safe to say then that now is a good time to discuss the many common complaints people experience that sometimes do not get the same attention as the prevention of cancer or equally dreaded diseases.

One such complaint that is common and quite overlooked are foot pains. Yes, foot pains. It sounds mundane, boring, and quite ordinary but it is surprising how many people are left incapacitated over them. The feet have twenty five percent of the body's total in bones. A foot has twenty six bones and thirty three joints. It is the part of the body that absorbs shock the most. And since it goes through a beating on a daily basis from the moment a person gets up to the time a person lies down to rest, it is not surprising that the foot often experiences a lot of aches and pains.

There are several common foot pain complaints. There is the foot break in which the foot experiences sudden and intense trauma enough to result in a broken bone, a fraction, or a bone stress. This is common in athletes and in those with professions involving a heavy amount of physical activity. There is also the heel pain which can affect almost anyone. The heel pain is also called Plantar Fasciitis. The Plantar fascia is the part of the foot located underneath in the arch. Heel pain is the pain often felt from the heel until the toes and is quite debilitating. This could be a pain that builds over time or it could be sudden and intense. It is characterized by intestinal stabbing pain, some swelling, prolonged and increasing pain when walking or standing, or no pain when sitting and then sudden pain when standing.

There are several causes for Plantar Fasciitis and sometimes this helps dictate the treatment method. If the cause is internal in nature like diabetes or weight gain, then a program to address this is implemented alongside administration of therapy to address current heel pain. If the cause of the plantar fasciitis is something fairly simple because like incorrect footwear, then treatment methods of shoes with better arch support, shoes that do not have exaggerated arches and night splints are recommended.

For today's health buff, it is certainly important to make sure the entire body is fit and healthy. Common things like foot and heel pain are among ordinary problems that should not be overlooked and should also be given the proper attention.

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